How to format your references using the Human Gene Therapy Methods citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Gene Therapy Methods. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Russell LM. Atmospheric science: Sea-spray particles cause freezing in clouds. Nature 2015;525:194–195.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ranta E, Kaitala V. Ecology. A leap for lion populations. Science 2005;307:365–366.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chang HC, Paek J, Kim DH. Natural polymorphisms in C. elegans HECW-1 E3 ligase affect pathogen avoidance behaviour. Nature 2011;480:525–529.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Alexopoulou L, Holt AC, Medzhitov R, et al. Recognition of double-stranded RNA and activation of NF-kappaB by Toll-like receptor 3. Nature 2001;413:732–738.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Akcoglu MA, Bartha PFA, Ha DM. Analysis in Vector Spaces. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2009.
An edited book
Geddes CD, Lakowicz JR (eds). Who’s Who in Fluorescence 2005. Boston, MA: Springer US. 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Sharma R. An Appraisal of Internet Business Models as a Research Paradigm. In: Chuan P, Khachidze V, Lai IKW, et al. (eds) Innovation in the High-Tech Economy. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. 2013; pp. 35–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Gene Therapy Methods.

Blog post
Andrew D. You Won’t Believe What They Found Inside This Dead Anaconda. IFLScience Available from: 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Bureau of Indian Affairs: Distribution of Fiscal Year 2000 Indian Reservation Roads Funds. OGC-00-26. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. March 8, 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Templeton TH. The Impact of Emergent Information and Communication Technology on Peacebuilding. Doctoral Dissertation. George Washington University. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. Tighter Rules Are Issued On Municipal Bond Deals. New York Times, May 5, 2012, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Gene Therapy Methods
AbbreviationHum. Gene Ther. Methods
ISSN (print)1946-6536
ISSN (online)1946-6544
Molecular Medicine
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Other styles