How to format your references using the Human Gene Therapy Methods citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Gene Therapy Methods. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wisdom J. Swimming in spacetime: motion by cyclic changes in body shape. Science 2003;299:1865–1869.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shizgal P, Arvanitogiannis A. Neuroscience. Gambling on dopamine. Science 2003;299:1856–1858.
A journal article with 3 authors
McLeod P, Reed N, Dienes Z. Psychophysics: how fielders arrive in time to catch the ball. Nature 2003;426:244–245.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhang H-F, Wu Z-X, Tang M, et al. Effects of behavioral response and vaccination policy on epidemic spreading--an approach based on evolutionary-game dynamics. Sci Rep 2014;4:5666.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stenholm S, Suominen K-A. Quantum Approach to Informatics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2005.
An edited book
Tsumoto S, Yamaguchi T, Numao M, et al. (eds). Active Mining: Second International Workshop, AM 2003, Maebashi, Japan, October 28, 2003. Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Tong CK. Feuds and Legacies: Conflict and Inheritance in Chinese Family Business. In: Tong C-K (ed) Chinese Business: Rethinking Guanxi and Trust in Chinese Business Networks. Singapore: Springer. 2014; pp. 77–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Gene Therapy Methods.

Blog post
Andrew D. ENORMOUS Tiger Shark Caught Off Australian Coast. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Freight Rail Pricing: Contracts Provide Shippers and Railroads Flexibility, but High Rates Concern Some Shippers. GAO-17-166. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. December 7, 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Anderson SL. Ninth grade transition: Best practices for a successful transition to high school. Doctoral Dissertation. Capella University. 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lanchester J. What the West Can Learn From Japan About the Cultural Value of Work. New York Times, December 13, 2016, p. MM20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Gene Therapy Methods
AbbreviationHum. Gene Ther. Methods
ISSN (print)1946-6536
ISSN (online)1946-6544
Molecular Medicine
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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