How to format your references using the Human Gene Therapy Methods citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Gene Therapy Methods. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koen D. Nuts and bolts. Passing the interview. Nature 2004;429:112.
A journal article with 2 authors
Johnson DDP, Fowler JH. The evolution of overconfidence. Nature 2011;477:317–320.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang Z, Shibahara K, Stillman B. PCNA connects DNA replication to epigenetic inheritance in yeast. Nature 2000;408:221–225.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wu J, Kwok TY, Li X, et al. Mapping three-dimensional temperature in microfluidic chip. Sci Rep 2013;3:3321.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tanwir S, Perros H. VBR Video Traffic Models. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. 2014.
An edited book
Zseby T, Savola R, Pistore M (eds). Future Internet - FIS 2009: Second Future Internet Symposium, FIS 2009, Berlin, Germany, September 1-3, 2009. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Sousa JP, Balan RK, Poladian V, et al. A Software Infrastructure for User–Guided Quality–of–Service Tradeoffs. In: Cordeiro J, Shishkov B, Ranchordas A, et al. (eds) Software and Data Technologies: Third International Conference, ICSOFT 2008, Porto, Portugal, July 22-24, 2008, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. 2009; pp. 48–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Gene Therapy Methods.

Blog post
Fang J. Sexy Peacocks Fly Fine, Even With Extravagant Tails. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. A Selected Bibliography on Computer Software Conversion. 090884. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. September 15, 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sanchez-Mejia ZM. Monsoon dependent ecosystems: Implications of the vertical distribution of soil moisture on land surface-atmosphere interactions. Doctoral Dissertation. University of Arizona. 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J. Fallen Fox News Chairman Stands Defiant. New York Times, September 7, 2016, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Gene Therapy Methods
AbbreviationHum. Gene Ther. Methods
ISSN (print)1946-6536
ISSN (online)1946-6544
Molecular Medicine
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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