How to format your references using the Human Gene Therapy Methods citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Gene Therapy Methods. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dunne M. Applied physics. Laser-driven particle accelerators. Science 2006;312:374–376.
A journal article with 2 authors
Millar CI, Stephenson NL. Temperate forest health in an era of emerging megadisturbance. Science 2015;349:823–826.
A journal article with 3 authors
Carazo-Salas RE, Antony C, Nurse P. The kinesin Klp2 mediates polarization of interphase microtubules in fission yeast. Science 2005;309:297–300.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fujisawa T, Austing DG, Tokura Y, et al. Allowed and forbidden transitions in artificial hydrogen and helium atoms. Nature 2002;419:278–281.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
ASAE. 7 Measures of Success. Washington, DC: ASAE: The Center for Association Leadership. 2013.
An edited book
Guliš G, Mekel O, Ádám B, et al. (eds). Assessment of Population Health Risks of Policies. New York, NY: Springer. 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Collignon TP, van Gijzen MB. Parallel Scientific Computing on Loosely Coupled Networks of Computers. In: Koren B, Vuik K (eds) Advanced Computational Methods in Science and Engineering. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. 2010; pp. 79–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Gene Therapy Methods.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. We’re About To See A Reused SpaceX Rocket Launch For The First Time. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. CROSSTALK and Mirror: What’s New Under the CROSSTALK Standard--Part 1. 140678. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. March 1, 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Large KG. A study of Statewide Transfer and Articulation Reporting System (STARS) approved courses completed at an Alabama community college. Doctoral Dissertation. Mississippi State University. 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Protess B, Ivory D. Bill to Weaken Dodd-Frank’s Rules on Private Equity Nears House Vote. New York Times, September 8, 2016, p. B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Gene Therapy Methods
AbbreviationHum. Gene Ther. Methods
ISSN (print)1946-6536
ISSN (online)1946-6544
Molecular Medicine
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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