How to format your references using the Journal of Perinatal Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Perinatal Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fessenden M: The cell menagerie: human immune profiling. Nature 2015 Sep 17;525:409–411.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ban Y, Chen X: Counter-diabatic driving for fast spin control in a two-electron double quantum dot. Sci Rep 2014 Sep 1;4:6258.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yonekura K, Maki-Yonekura S, Namba K: Complete atomic model of the bacterial flagellar filament by electron cryomicroscopy. Nature 2003 Aug 7;424:643–650.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Blanchon P, Eisenhauer A, Fietzke J, Liebetrau V: Rapid sea-level rise and reef back-stepping at the close of the last interglacial highstand. Nature 2009 Apr 16;458:881–884.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ibrahim MA: Disturbance Analysis for Power Systems. Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2011.
An edited book
Abrey LE, Chamberlain MC, Engelhard HH, editors: Leptomeningeal Metastases. Boston, MA, Springer US, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Hajdul M: Coordination Model of Transport Processes Based on Sustainable Development Concept; in Golinska P, Hajdul M (eds): Sustainable Transport: New Trends and Business Practices. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2012, pp 83–107.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Perinatal Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew E: The Theory Of Parallel Universes Is Not Just Maths – It Is Science That Can Be Tested [Internet]. IFLScience 2015 Sep 3 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: DHS Science and Technology: Additional Steps Needed to Ensure Test and Evaluation Requirements Are Met. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Williams EC: Smart Packaging: A Novel Technique For Localized Drug Delivery For Ovarian Cancer 2012;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly M: THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: The Democrats; Clinton, in South Carolina, Shows He Is a Threat in the South. New York Times 1992 Sep 6;130.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [3,5,7,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Perinatal Medicine
AbbreviationJ. Perinat. Med.
ISSN (print)0300-5577
ISSN (online)1619-3997
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles