How to format your references using the Journal of Perinatal Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Perinatal Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Ellis J: Beyond the standard model with the LHC. Nature 2007 Jul 19;448:297–301.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Ginther DK, Kahn S: WOMEN IN SCIENCE. Comment on “Expectations of brilliance underlie gender distributions across academic disciplines.” Science 2015 Jul 24;349:391.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Song C, Wang P, Makse HA: A phase diagram for jammed matter. Nature 2008 May 29;453:629–632.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Murphy WJ, Eizirik E, Johnson WE, Zhang YP, Ryder OA, O’Brien SJ: Molecular phylogenetics and the origins of placental mammals. Nature 2001 Feb 1;409:614–618.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Hunt-Ahmed K: Contemporary Islamic Finance. Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2013.
An edited book
1.
Jawahir IS, Sikdar SK, Huang Y, editors: Treatise on Sustainability Science and Engineering. Dordrecht, Springer Netherlands, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Berwanger D, Janin D: Automata on Directed Graphs: Edge Versus Vertex Marking; in Corradini A, Ehrig H, Montanari U, Ribeiro L, Rozenberg G (eds): Graph Transformations: Third International Conference, ICGT 2006 Natal, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil, September 17-23, 2006 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2006, pp 46–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Perinatal Medicine.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E: New Technique Controls Light Based on Angle [Internet]. IFLScience 2014 Mar 28 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/physics/new-technique-controls-light-based-angle/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office: USDA Telecommunications: Better Management and Network Planning Could Save Millions. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Schwarcz-Besson P: The Field in Psychoanalytic Research Methodology 2017;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Gurley G: Losing Her Friends for the Love of Trump. New York Times 2017 Feb 23;D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [2,4,7,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Perinatal Medicine
AbbreviationJ. Perinat. Med.
ISSN (print)0300-5577
ISSN (online)1619-3997
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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