How to format your references using the Journal of Perinatal Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Perinatal Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nowak MA: Generosity: A winner’s advice. Nature 2008 Dec 4;456:579.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kim J, Swager TM: Control of conformational and interpolymer effects in conjugated polymers. Nature 2001 Jun 28;411:1030–1034.
A journal article with 3 authors
Filchak KE, Roethele JB, Feder JL: Natural selection and sympatric divergence in the apple maggot Rhagoletis pomonella. Nature 2000 Oct 12;407:739–742.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Shang Y, Liu C, Cui D, Han G, Yi S: The effect of chronic bacterial prostatitis on semen quality in adult men: a meta-analysis of case-control studies. Sci Rep 2014 Nov 28;4:7233.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paolella MS: Fundamental Probability. Chichester, UK, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2006.
An edited book
Angeles J, Boulet B, Clark JJ, Kövecses J, Siddiqi K, editors: Brain, Body and Machine: Proceedings of an International Symposium on the Occasion of the 25th Anniversary of the McGill University Centre for Intelligent Machines. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Casey TK: Architecture; in Sepp HR, Embree L (eds): Handbook of Phenomenological Aesthetics. Dordrecht, Springer Netherlands, 2010, pp 25–28.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Perinatal Medicine.

Blog post
Taub B: Feeding Graphene To Silkworms Makes Them Spin Super Silk [Internet]. IFLScience 2016 Oct 11 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Emergency Communications: Various Challenges Likely to Slow Implementation of a Public Safety Broadband Network. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Simonsen AE: Risk and resilience: Girls’ experiences navigating space and relationships in a secure residential facility 2010;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly E: Bensonhurst Journal; The Time Has Come to Ride and Beep and Laugh Again. New York Times 2004 Apr 11;133.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [4–6,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Perinatal Medicine
AbbreviationJ. Perinat. Med.
ISSN (print)0300-5577
ISSN (online)1619-3997
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles