How to format your references using the Journal of Perinatal Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Perinatal Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bystricky M: Geophysics. Mantle flow revisited. Science 2003 Aug 29;301:1190–1191.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bond-Lamberty B, Thomson A: Temperature-associated increases in the global soil respiration record. Nature 2010 Mar 25;464:579–582.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mani A, Rahwan I, Pentland A: Inducing peer pressure to promote cooperation. Sci Rep 2013;3:1735.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Sass HJ, Büldt G, Gessenich R, Hehn D, Neff D, Schlesinger R, et al.: Structural alterations for proton translocation in the M state of wild-type bacteriorhodopsin. Nature 2000 Aug 10;406:649–653.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chen ZN, Chia MYW: Broadband Planar Antennas. Chichester, UK, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2006.
An edited book
Masson A, Shariff MJ, editors: Legal Strategies: How Corporations Use Law to Improve Performance. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Bhattacharya P: Data Center Monitoring; in Joshi Y, Kumar P (eds): Energy Efficient Thermal Management of Data Centers. Boston, MA, Springer US, 2012, pp 199–236.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Perinatal Medicine.

Blog post
Andrews R: Mysterious Rogue Exoplanet’s Weather Map Revealed [Internet]. IFLScience 2015 Nov 4 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Airline Mergers: Issues Raised by the Proposed Merger of United and Continental Airlines. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shakya M: Planter Boxes and Rain Gardens for Urban Stormwater Management: Performance of Extended Field Application 2017;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G: Football’s Absolute Power Corrupts Colleges Absolutely. New York Times 2011 May 1;SP10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [3,4,6,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Perinatal Medicine
AbbreviationJ. Perinat. Med.
ISSN (print)0300-5577
ISSN (online)1619-3997
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles