How to format your references using the Journal of Perinatal Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Perinatal Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chiang T: Catching crumbs from the table. In the face of metahuman science, humans have become metascientists. Nature 2000 Jun 1;405:517.
A journal article with 2 authors
Di Franco C, Paternostro M: A no-go result on the purification of quantum states. Sci Rep 2013;3:1387.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kiesel H, Renz A, Hasselbach F: Observation of Hanbury Brown-Twiss anticorrelations for free electrons. Nature 2002 Jul 25;418:392–394.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gunjakar JL, Kim TW, Kim IY, Lee JM, Hwang S-J: Highly efficient visible light-induced O₂ generation by self-assembled nanohybrids of inorganic nanosheets and polyoxometalate nanoclusters. Sci Rep 2013;3:2080.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Reeve WD: DC Power System Design for Telecommunications. Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2006.
An edited book
Eskandarian A, editor: Handbook of Intelligent Vehicles. London, Springer, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Takahashi EJ, Lan P, Okino T, Furukawa Y, Nabekawa Y, Yamanouchi K, et al.: Intense Attosecond Pulses for Probing Ultrafast Molecular Dynamics; in Yamanouchi K, Cundiff S, Vivie-Riedle R de, Kuwata-Gonokami M, DiMauro L (eds): Ultrafast Phenomena XIX: Proceedings of the 19th International Conference, Okinawa Convention Center, Okinawa, Japan, July 7-11, 2014. Cham, Springer International Publishing, 2015, pp 16–19.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Perinatal Medicine.

Blog post
Fang J: See-through, shatter-proof armor inspired by oysters [Internet]. IFLScience 2014 Mar 31 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Drug Education: Limited Progress in Program Evaluation. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Marquez MC: Manuel Ponce’s “Estrellita” (arranged by Jascha Heifetz): A historical and performance practice guide for the violinist 2015;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams J: Journalists In Australia Stage Strike Over Job Cuts. New York Times 2017 May 3;A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [2,4,7,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Perinatal Medicine
AbbreviationJ. Perinat. Med.
ISSN (print)0300-5577
ISSN (online)1619-3997
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles