How to format your references using the Journal of Perinatal Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Perinatal Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Adams J: Collaborations: The fourth age of research. Nature 2013 May 30;497:557–560.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fetler L, Amigorena S: Neuroscience. Brain under surveillance: the microglia patrol. Science 2005 Jul 15;309:392–393.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ridgwell AJ, Kennedy MJ, Caldeira K: Carbonate deposition, climate stability, and Neoproterozoic ice ages. Science 2003 Oct 31;302:859–862.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Garnero EJ, Maupin V, Lay T, Fouch MJ: Variable azimuthal anisotropy in Earth’s lowermost mantle. Science 2004 Oct 8;306:259–261.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pijaudier-Cabot G, La Borderie C, Reess T, Chen W, Maurel O, Rey-Berbeder F, et al.: Electrohydraulic Fracturing of Rocks. Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2016.
An edited book
Simpson R, Zimmermann M, editors: The Economy of Green Cities: A World Compendium on the Green Urban Economy. Dordrecht, Springer Netherlands, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Noonan DM, Ventura A, Bruno A, Pagani A, Albini A: The Angiogenic Switch: Role of Immune Cells; in Marincola FM, Wang E (eds): Immunologic Signatures of Rejection. New York, NY, Springer, 2011, pp 57–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Perinatal Medicine.

Blog post
Luntz S: Roadworks Unveil Hidden Haul Of 360-Million-Year-Old Fossils [Internet]. IFLScience 2016 Jun 6 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Concerns Over Labor’s Ability To Implement the Job Training Partnership Act. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1985.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim S-C: Defiant institutionalization: Democratization and social movements in South Korea, 1984–2002 2008;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kwai I: Australia Has Collected 12,500 Guns in Amnesty. New York Times 2017 Aug 11;A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [2,4,7,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Perinatal Medicine
AbbreviationJ. Perinat. Med.
ISSN (print)0300-5577
ISSN (online)1619-3997
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles