How to format your references using the Applied Intelligence citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Intelligence. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Miller RA (2005) Biomedicine. The anti-aging sweepstakes: catalase runs for the ROSes. Science 308:1875–1876
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Foster DJ, Wilson MA (2006) Reverse replay of behavioural sequences in hippocampal place cells during the awake state. Nature 440:680–683
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Schenk P, Matsuyama I, Nimmo F (2008) True polar wander on Europa from global-scale small-circle depressions. Nature 453:368–371
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Muttoni G, Erba E, Kent DV, Bachtadse V (2005) Mesozoic Alpine facies deposition as a result of past latitudinal plate motion. Nature 434:59–63

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Willatzen M, Lew Yan Voon LC (2011) Separable Boundary-Value Problems in Physics. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
1.
Adams NM, Robardet C, Siebes A, Boulicaut J-F (2009) Advances in Intelligent Data Analysis VIII: 8th International Symposium on Intelligent Data Analysis, IDA 2009, Lyon, France, August 31 - September 2, 2009. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Gerovitch S (2016) Creative Discomfort: The Culture of the Gelfand Seminar at Moscow University. In: Larvor B (ed) Mathematical Cultures: The London Meetings 2012-2014. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 51–70

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Intelligence.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S (2016) Mysterious South American Mounds The Work Of Earthworms. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/mysterious-south-american-mounds-work-earthworms/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1973) Program Administration at the Atterbury Job Corps Center in Indiana. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Rodriguez SG (2010) Devotion to land: The Virgin Mary and the Mudejar in the post-conquest program of Alfonso X of Castile, 1252–1284. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Feeney K (2009) Takeout That Moved On. New York Times NJ11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Intelligence
AbbreviationAppl. Intell.
ISSN (print)0924-669X
ISSN (online)1573-7497
ScopeArtificial Intelligence

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