How to format your references using the Molecular Cytogenetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Cytogenetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Smetacek V. Balance: mind-grasping gravity. Nature. 2002;415:481.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Singh H, Demarco IA. Immunology. Double TIP-ping. Science. 2010;329:914–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Navarro-González R, McKay CP, Mvondo DN. A possible nitrogen crisis for Archaean life due to reduced nitrogen fixation by lightning. Nature. 2001;412:61–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Ang CY, Tan SY, Lu Y, Bai L, Li M, Li P, et al. “Turn-on” fluorescence probe integrated polymer nanoparticles for sensing biological thiol molecules. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7057.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. American Institute of Timber Constr. Timber Construction Manual. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1. VanDerwarker AM, Peres TM, editors. Integrating Zooarchaeology and Paleoethnobotany: A Consideration of Issues, Methods, and Cases. New York, NY: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Marengo JA, Williams ER, Alves LM, Soares WR, Rodriguez DA. Extreme Seasonal Climate Variations in the Amazon Basin: Droughts and Floods. In: Nagy L, Forsberg BR, Artaxo P, editors. Interactions Between Biosphere, Atmosphere and Human Land Use in the Amazon Basin. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2016. p. 55–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Cytogenetics.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Thanks To Reduced Solar Activity, We Could Be Heading For A Mini Ice Age In 2030. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. President’s Eighth Special Message for Fiscal Year 1981. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1981 May. Report No.: OGC-81-9.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Lefebvre K. Racial Prejudice, Individualism, and Political Identity: Understanding the Forty-Year Trend of Anti-Welfare Spending Preferences [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Widdicombe B. Glamour? There’s an App for That. New York Times. 2017 Aug 4;ST4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Cytogenetics
AbbreviationMol. Cytogenet.
ISSN (online)1755-8166
Molecular Biology
Molecular Medicine
Biochemistry, medical

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