How to format your references using the Molecular Cytogenetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Cytogenetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Harnad S. The self-archiving initiative. Nature. 2001;410:1024–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Gibbs RA, Nelson DL. Human genetics. Primate shadow play. Science. 2003;299:1331–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Velikov V, Borick S, Angell CA. The glass transition of water, based on hyperquenching experiments. Science. 2001;294:2335–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Lederle A, Su B, Holl V, Penichon J, Schmidt S, Decoville T, et al. Neutralizing antibodies inhibit HIV-1 infection of plasmacytoid dendritic cells by an FcγRIIa independent mechanism and do not diminish cytokines production. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5845.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Boussabaine A. Risk Pricing Strategies for Public-Private Partnerships Projects. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons; 2013.
An edited book
1. Ischebeck F. Ideals and Reality: Projective Modules and Number of Generators of Ideals. Rao RA, editor. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Mahlke S, Minge M. Consideration of Multiple Components of Emotions in Human-Technology Interaction. In: Peter C, Beale R, editors. Affect and Emotion in Human-Computer Interaction: From Theory to Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 51–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Cytogenetics.

Blog post
1. Hale T. iPhone 7 Leaks: Apple Expert Forecasts What Features To Expect On New iPhone. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Intercity Passenger Rail: Financial and Operating Conditions Threaten Amtrak’s Long-Term Viability. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995 Feb. Report No.: RCED-95-71.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Baudy AR. Efficacy of glucocorticoids in muscular dystrophy: Signaling, hormonal activities, and muscle inflammation [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Ruiz RR, Longman J. Brazil’s Economic Woes Force Paralympic Cuts. New York Times. 2016 Aug 19;D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Cytogenetics
AbbreviationMol. Cytogenet.
ISSN (online)1755-8166
Molecular Biology
Molecular Medicine
Biochemistry, medical

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