How to format your references using the Aquatic Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquatic Ecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kane G (2011) Particle physics is at a turning point. Nature 480:415
A journal article with 2 authors
Niessing J, Friedrich RW (2010) Olfactory pattern classification by discrete neuronal network states. Nature 465:47–52
A journal article with 3 authors
Oganov AR, Brodholt JP, Price GD (2001) The elastic constants of MgSiO3 perovskite at pressures and temperatures of the Earth’s mantle. Nature 411:934–937
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Bell T, Ager D, Song J-I, et al (2005) Larger islands house more bacterial taxa. Science 308:1884

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stone R, Gutiérrez-Albilla JD (2013) A Companion to Luis Buñuel. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Soghomonian J-J (ed) (2016) The Basal Ganglia: Novel Perspectives on Motor and Cognitive Functions. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Metkar S, Talbar S (2013) Dynamic Motion Detection Techniques. In: Talbar S (ed) Motion Estimation Techniques for Digital Video Coding. Springer India, New Delhi, pp 47–59

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquatic Ecology.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2017) Astronomers Find Quasar With Temperatures Hotter Than Thought Possible. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2001) NASA: Status of Plans for Achieving Key Outcomes and Addressing Major Management Challenges. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tom DM (2012) Impact on achievement with ST math after school instruction. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
DE WITT with MICHAEL KELLY K (1992) THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: Candidate’s Record; Perot Pursued Charges Against Official for Years. New York Times 118

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kane 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Niessing and Friedrich 2010; Kane 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Niessing and Friedrich 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Bell et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquatic Ecology
AbbreviationAquat. Ecol.
ISSN (print)1386-2588
ISSN (online)1573-5125
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
General Agricultural and Biological Sciences

Other styles