How to format your references using the Aquatic Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquatic Ecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lundstrom CC (2000) Rapid diffusive infiltration of sodium into partially molten peridotite. Nature 403:527–530
A journal article with 2 authors
Dangl JL, Jones JD (2001) Plant pathogens and integrated defence responses to infection. Nature 411:826–833
A journal article with 3 authors
Willis KJ, Gillson L, Brncic TM (2004) Ecology. How “virgin” is virgin rainforest? Science 304:402–403
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Guo B, Ruan H, Zheng C, et al (2013) Hierarchical LiFePO4 with a controllable growth of the (010) facet for lithium-ion batteries. Sci Rep 3:2788

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Griskey RG (2005) Transport Phenomena and Unit Operations. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Miller MK, Bornstein BH (eds) (2016) Advances in Psychology and Law: Volume 1. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
de Morais WO, Lundström J, Wickström N (2013) A Database-Centric Architecture for Home-Based Health Monitoring. In: Nugent C, Coronato A, Bravo J (eds) Ambient Assisted Living and Active Aging: 5th International Work-Conference, IWAAL 2013, Carrillo, Costa Rica, December 2-6, 2013, Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 26–34

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquatic Ecology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) China, U.S. and Brazil Make New Climate Pledges. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1973) Certain Weaknesses in the Administration of the Neighborhood Youth Corps Out-of-School Project in Cleveland, Ohio. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Israel JM (2013) Student Extracurricular Participation, Student Achievement, and School Perception: an Elementary School Perspective. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED MJ, Drape J (2017) Co-Founder of Alibaba Is Said to Buy a 49 Percent Stake in the Nets. New York Times D1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lundstrom 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Lundstrom 2000; Dangl and Jones 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dangl and Jones 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Guo et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquatic Ecology
AbbreviationAquat. Ecol.
ISSN (print)1386-2588
ISSN (online)1573-5125
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
General Agricultural and Biological Sciences

Other styles