How to format your references using the Aquatic Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquatic Ecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bagla P (2000) INDIA: Disease Data Stolen in Lab Break-In. Science 290:1668b–9b
A journal article with 2 authors
Pizzarello S, Weber AL (2004) Prebiotic amino acids as asymmetric catalysts. Science 303:1151
A journal article with 3 authors
Rubie DC, Gessmann CK, Frost DJ (2004) Partitioning of oxygen during core formation on the Earth and Mars. Nature 429:58–61
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Shapiro NM, Campillo M, Stehly L, Ritzwoller MH (2005) High-resolution surface-wave tomography from ambient seismic noise. Science 307:1615–1618

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moskowitz HR, Porretta S, Silcher M (2008) Concept Research in Food Product Design and Development. Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Wolschin G (ed) (2010) Lectures on Cosmology: Accelerated Expansion of the Universe. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Manke T, Roider H, Vingron M (2008) A biophysical approach to large-scale protein-DNA binding data. In: Frishman D, Valencia A (eds) Modern Genome Annotation: The BioSapiens Network. Springer, Vienna, pp 91–103

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquatic Ecology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) What Do Tree Rings Sound Like When Played Like A Record? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994) Aviation Insurance: Federal Insurance Program Needs Improvements to Ensure Success. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sosa Tzec O (2017) Delightful Interactive Systems: A Rhetorical Examination. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines GG (2012) Where the Artists Have Superpowers. New York Times BU1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bagla 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Bagla 2000; Pizzarello and Weber 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pizzarello and Weber 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Shapiro et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquatic Ecology
AbbreviationAquat. Ecol.
ISSN (print)1386-2588
ISSN (online)1573-5125
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
General Agricultural and Biological Sciences

Other styles