How to format your references using the Aquatic Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquatic Ecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Branscomb LM (2008) Science and industry. Research alone is not enough. Science 321:915–916
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang R, Yan X (2014) Superior asymmetric supercapacitor based on Ni-Co oxide nanosheets and carbon nanorods. Sci Rep 4:3712
A journal article with 3 authors
Liu WW, Mazor O, Wilson RI (2015) Thermosensory processing in the Drosophila brain. Nature 519:353–357
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Fève G, Mahé A, Berroir J-M, et al (2007) An on-demand coherent single-electron source. Science 316:1169–1172

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tissue BM (2013) Basics of Analytical Chemistry and Chemical Equilibria. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Sterri AB (ed) (2014) Global Citizen – Challenges and Responsibility in an Interconnected World. SensePublishers, Rotterdam
A chapter in an edited book
Libkin L (2005) Logics for Unranked Trees: An Overview. In: Caires L, Italiano GF, Monteiro L, et al. (eds) Automata, Languages and Programming: 32nd International Colloquium, ICALP 2005, Lisbon, Portugal, July 11-15, 2005. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 35–50

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquatic Ecology.

Blog post
Hale T (2017) Bronze Dildos And Jade Butt Plugs Show Life And Death In Ancient China. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004) DOD Business Systems Modernization: Limited Progress in Development of Business Enterprise Architecture and Oversight of Information Technology Investments. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ashrafzadeh MH (2008) Provision of community services for the mentally challenged population in Iran. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK (2001) World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Chechnya Death Toll. New York Times A8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Branscomb 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Branscomb 2008; Wang and Yan 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang and Yan 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Fève et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquatic Ecology
AbbreviationAquat. Ecol.
ISSN (print)1386-2588
ISSN (online)1573-5125
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
General Agricultural and Biological Sciences

Other styles