How to format your references using the Fuss und Sprunggelenk citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fuss und Sprunggelenk. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Bardeen C. Physics. Exciton quenching and migration in single conjugated polymers. Science 2011;331:544–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Campbell N, Grayson M. Index 2014 Global. Nature 2014;515:S49.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Dillingham MS, Spies M, Kowalczykowski SC. RecBCD enzyme is a bipolar DNA helicase. Nature 2003;423:893–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Dinneny JR, Long TA, Wang JY, Jung JW, Mace D, Pointer S, et al. Cell identity mediates the response of Arabidopsis roots to abiotic stress. Science 2008;320:942–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Memming R. Semiconductor Electrochemistry. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2015.
An edited book
[1]
Carayannis EG. Institutional Learning and Knowledge Transfer Across Epistemic Communities: New Tools of Global Governance. vol. 13. New York, NY: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Shimizu Y, Williams G. Studying Learners in Intercultural Contexts. In: Clements MA (ken), Bishop AJ, Keitel C, Kilpatrick J, Leung FKS, editors. Third International Handbook of Mathematics Education, New York, NY: Springer; 2013, p. 145–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fuss und Sprunggelenk.

Blog post
[1]
Fang J. Sandstorm Uncovers New Nazca Lines. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/sandstorm-uncovers-new-nazca-lines/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Federal Research: Lessons Learned From SEMATECH. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Alalshaikh SA. Leadership Styles in Saudi Arabian Universities: Comparison Based on Educational Background. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
[1]
Gillis J. For Third Year, the Earth in 2016 Set Heat Record. New York Times 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFuss und Sprunggelenk
ISSN (print)1619-9987
ScopeOrthopedics and Sports Medicine

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