How to format your references using the Fuss und Sprunggelenk citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fuss und Sprunggelenk. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
James KS. India’s demographic change: opportunities and challenges. Science 2011;333:576–80.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Rodriguez A, Laio A. Machine learning. Clustering by fast search and find of density peaks. Science 2014;344:1492–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Reichardt BW, Unger F, Vazirani U. Classical command of quantum systems. Nature 2013;496:456–60.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Floyd JS, Mutter JC, Goodliffe AM, Taylor B. Evidence for fault weakness and fluid flow within an active low-angle normal fault. Nature 2001;411:779–83.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Chappell D. Parris’s Standard Form of Building Contract. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Science Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
[1]
Kim R. Mathematics Teaching and Learning: South Korean Elementary Teachers’ Mathematical Knowledge for Teaching. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Hodgson TK, Braunstein GD. Physiological Effects of Androgens in Women. In: Azziz R, Nestler JE, Dewailly D, editors. Androgen Excess Disorders in Women: Polycystic Ovary Syndrome and Other Disorders, Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2007, p. 49–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fuss und Sprunggelenk.

Blog post
[1]
Fang J. Turkey’s Oldest Stone Tool Pinpoints Human Migration to Europe. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/turkeys-oldest-stone-tool-pinpoints-human-migration-europe/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Controls Over Funds Available to the District of Columbia Public Schools. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1972.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Yaceczko SD. A Telehealth Nutrition Manual for an Online Intensive Behavioral Weight Management Program. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Steven Lee Myers;, Joyce H. Man contributed reporting for this article. Emphasizing Creativity, Not Collectivity. New York Times 2005:B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFuss und Sprunggelenk
ISSN (print)1619-9987
ScopeOrthopedics and Sports Medicine

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