How to format your references using the Fuss und Sprunggelenk citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fuss und Sprunggelenk. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Bruno JF. Ecology. How do coral reefs recover? Science 2014;345:879–80.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Picollo A, Pusch M. Chloride/proton antiporter activity of mammalian CLC proteins ClC-4 and ClC-5. Nature 2005;436:420–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Kirchner JW, Feng X, Neal C. Fractal stream chemistry and its implications for contaminant transport in catchments. Nature 2000;403:524–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Roosild TP, Greenwald J, Vega M, Castronovo S, Riek R, Choe S. NMR structure of Mistic, a membrane-integrating protein for membrane protein expression. Science 2005;307:1317–21.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Equipment Testing Procedures Committee. Centrifugal Pumps (Newtonian Liquids). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2002.
An edited book
[1]
Kuger S, Klieme E, Jude N, Kaplan D, editors. Assessing Contexts of Learning: An International Perspective. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Rao VV. Knobology. In: Daniels JM, Hoppmann RA, editors. Practical Point-of-Care Medical Ultrasound, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 71–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fuss und Sprunggelenk.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Science Is Best When The Data Is An Open Book. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/science-best-when-data-open-book/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Railroad Safety: Accident Trends and FRA Safety Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Glock M. Cultural futuristics: Bringing consciousness to cultural complexes and soul to scenario based planning. Doctoral dissertation. Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Goldstein M, Eder S, Kelly K, Stevenson A, Protess B. Sources of Trump Aides’ Wealth Include Cosmetics and ‘Seinfeld’ Reruns. New York Times 2017:A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFuss und Sprunggelenk
ISSN (print)1619-9987
ScopeOrthopedics and Sports Medicine

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