How to format your references using the Fuss und Sprunggelenk citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fuss und Sprunggelenk. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Konner M. The ties that bind. Nature 2004;429:705.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brüning O, Collier P. Building a behemoth. Nature 2007;448:285–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee H, Zones SI, Davis ME. A combustion-free methodology for synthesizing zeolites and zeolite-like materials. Nature 2003;425:385–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhang D, Wei D, Li Q, Ge X, Guo X, Xie Z, et al. High performance catalytic distillation using CNTs-based holistic catalyst for production of high quality biodiesel. Sci Rep 2014;4:4021.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bottomley GE. Channel Equalization for Wireless Communications. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Eppstein D. Media Theory: Interdisciplinary Applied Mathematics. First edition. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Bojarovich J, Marchenko L. An Open Queueing Network with Temporarily Non-active Customers and Rounds. In: Dudin A, Klimenok V, Tsarenkov G, Dudin S, editors. Modern Probabilistic Methods for Analysis of Telecommunication Networks: Belarusian Winter Workshops in Queueing Theory, BWWQT 2013, Minsk, Belarus, January 28-31, 2013. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013, p. 33–6.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fuss und Sprunggelenk.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Earth’s Day Will Be One Minute Longer In 6.7 Million Years. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. [Comments on MARAD Cooperative Agreement Award for Ship Simulator]. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Talice KW. An Assessment of Veterans Affairs Healthcare Leadership Competencies. Doctoral dissertation. Capella University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bittman M. Heavenly Earth. New York Times 2012:MM50.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFuss und Sprunggelenk
ISSN (print)1619-9987
ScopeOrthopedics and Sports Medicine

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