How to format your references using the Journal of Pediatric Surgery Case Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pediatric Surgery Case Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Macilwain C. World view: ERA of austerity. Nature 2010;466:314.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Deane GB, Stokes MD. Scale dependence of bubble creation mechanisms in breaking waves. Nature 2002;418:839–44.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Spiegelhalter D, Pearson M, Short I. Visualizing uncertainty about the future. Science 2011;333:1393–400.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Xu X, Zhai J, Li L, Chen Y, Yu Y, Zhang M, et al. Passively mode-locking erbium-doped fiber lasers with 0.3 nm single-walled carbon nanotubes. Sci Rep 2014;4:6761.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Center for Chemical Process Safety. Guidelines for Safe Automation of Chemical Processes. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 1993.
An edited book
[1]
Ferronsky VI. Jacobi Dynamics: A Unified Theory with Applications to Geophysics, Celestial Mechanics, Astrophysics and Cosmology. vol. 369. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Havskov J, Alguacil G. Seismic Recorders. In: Alguacil G, editor. Instrumentation in Earthquake Seismology, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 149–96.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pediatric Surgery Case Reports.

Blog post
[1]
Davis J. Eating Human Brains Drove Evolution In Remote Tribe. IFLScience 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Federal Vehicle Fleets: GSA Has Opportunities to Further Encourage Cost Savings for Leased Vehicles. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Caballero Suarez OL. Effects of ion correlations in high density plasmas: Neutrino scattering and transport properties in supernovae and neutron star crusts. Doctoral dissertation. Indiana University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Kelly C. Shore Enclave Feels The Breezes of Change. New York Times 2006:F6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pediatric Surgery Case Reports
AbbreviationJ. Pediatr. Surg. Case Rep.
ISSN (print)2213-5766
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Surgery

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