How to format your references using the Journal of Pediatric Surgery Case Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pediatric Surgery Case Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Chandler D. Interfaces and the driving force of hydrophobic assembly. Nature 2005;437:640–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Farina SC, Summers AP. Biomechanics: Boxed up and ready to go. Nature 2015;517:274–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Sakurai H, Daiko T, Hirao T. A synthesis of sumanene, a fullerene fragment. Science 2003;301:1878.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Braig M, Lee S, Loddenkemper C, Rudolph C, Peters AHFM, Schlegelberger B, et al. Oncogene-induced senescence as an initial barrier in lymphoma development. Nature 2005;436:660–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Eidhammer I, Barsnes H, Eide GE, Martens L. Computational and Statistical Methods for Protein Quantification by Mass Spectrometry. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
[1]
Reinhard T, Larkin DFP, editors. Cornea and External Eye Disease. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Alpay D, Colombo F, Sabadini I. Quaternionic Functional Analysis. In: Colombo F, Sabadini I, editors. Slice Hyperholomorphic Schur Analysis, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 71–115.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pediatric Surgery Case Reports.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Watch A Colorblind Man See The World In Color For The First Time. IFLScience 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Competition: Restricting Airline Ticketing Rules Unlikely to Help Consumers. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Kim H. Prediction and Elimination of Galling in Forming Galvanized Advanced High Strength Steels (AHSS). Doctoral dissertation. Ohio State University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
McNAMARA J. Falling Through Time. New York Times 2017:BR14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pediatric Surgery Case Reports
AbbreviationJ. Pediatr. Surg. Case Rep.
ISSN (print)2213-5766
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Surgery

Other styles