How to format your references using the Journal of Pediatric Surgery Case Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pediatric Surgery Case Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Kargel JS. Planetary science. Proof for water, hints of life? Science 2004;306:1689–91.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Millum J, Emanuel EJ. Ethics. The ethics of international research with abandoned children. Science 2007;318:1874–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Shultz S, Opie C, Atkinson QD. Stepwise evolution of stable sociality in primates. Nature 2011;479:219–22.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Wijesinghe D, Arachchige MCM, Lu A, Reshetnyak YK, Andreev OA. pH dependent transfer of nano-pores into membrane of cancer cells to induce apoptosis. Sci Rep 2013;3:3560.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Price J. The Conscious Investor. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
[1]
Geissler WB, editor. Wrist and Elbow Arthroscopy: A Practical Surgical Guide to Techniques. 2nd ed. 2015. New York, NY: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Kulyukin V, Kutiyanawala A, Jiang M. Surface-Embedded Passive RF Exteroception: Kepler, Greed, and Buffon’s Needle. In: Indulska J, Ma J, Yang LT, Ungerer T, Cao J, editors. Ubiquitous Intelligence and Computing: 4th International Conference, UIC 2007, Hong Kong, China, July 11-13, 2007. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007, p. 33–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pediatric Surgery Case Reports.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. There Were More Selfie-Related Fatalities Than Shark Attack Deaths This Year. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/selfie-related-fatalities-higher-shark-attack-deaths-year/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Major Management Challenges and Program Risks: National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Gilbert C. Factors Associated With Dietetic Interns’ Knowledge of Sodium and the 2015 Dietary Guidelines for Americans. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Photographs by GEORGE ETHEREDGE for THE NEW YORK TIMES. Voyeur: Construction Portholes. New York Times 2017:RE8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pediatric Surgery Case Reports
AbbreviationJ. Pediatr. Surg. Case Rep.
ISSN (print)2213-5766
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Surgery

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