How to format your references using the Journal of Pediatric Surgery Case Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pediatric Surgery Case Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Couzin-Frankel J. Clinical trials. Researchers seek clear reasons when clinical trials end early. Science 2015;349:222.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Cory DG, Havel TF. Physics. Ion entanglement in quantum information processing. Science 2004;304:1456–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Reynolds JN, Hyland BI, Wickens JR. A cellular mechanism of reward-related learning. Nature 2001;413:67–70.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Quinn KP, Sridharan GV, Hayden RS, Kaplan DL, Lee K, Georgakoudi I. Quantitative metabolic imaging using endogenous fluorescence to detect stem cell differentiation. Sci Rep 2013;3:3432.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Bottomley GE. Channel Equalization for Wireless Communications. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
[1]
Arló-Costa H, Hendricks VF, van Benthem J, editors. Readings in Formal Epistemology: Sourcebook. vol. 1. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Yokoyama J, Ohba S. ICG Fluorescent Image-Guided Surgery in Head and Neck Cancer. In: Kusano M, Kokudo N, Toi M, Kaibori M, editors. ICG Fluorescence Imaging and Navigation Surgery, Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2016, p. 49–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pediatric Surgery Case Reports.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Cuba Has A Lung Cancer Vaccine, And Now It Could Be Coming To The USA. IFLScience 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Responses to Subcommittee Post-Hearing Questions Regarding the FBI’s Management Practices and Acquisition of a New Investigative Case Management System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Egan GC. Understanding the reaction mechanism of aluminum nanocomposite thermites. Doctoral dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
[1]
Sisario B. Prince Museum Approved. New York Times 2016:C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pediatric Surgery Case Reports
AbbreviationJ. Pediatr. Surg. Case Rep.
ISSN (print)2213-5766
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Surgery

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