How to format your references using the Journal of Pediatric Surgery Case Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pediatric Surgery Case Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Churchland PS. Self-representation in nervous systems. Science 2002;296:308–10.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Iijima N, Iwasaki A. T cell memory. A local macrophage chemokine network sustains protective tissue-resident memory CD4 T cells. Science 2014;346:93–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Ragazzoni R, Marchetti E, Valente G. Adaptive-optics corrections available for the whole sky. Nature 2000;403:54–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Kang Y, Kuybeda O, de Waal PW, Mukherjee S, Van Eps N, Dutka P, et al. Cryo-EM structure of human rhodopsin bound to an inhibitory G protein. Nature 2018;558:553–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
O’Malley C. Bonds Without Borders. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
[1]
Hermans R, editor. Head and Neck Cancer Imaging. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Saba R, Booth SA. MicroRNA Profiling in CNS Tissue Using Microarrays. In: Ying S-Y, editor. Current Perspectives in microRNAs (miRNA), Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2008, p. 73–96.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pediatric Surgery Case Reports.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Primed for Battle: Helping Plants Fight off Pathogens by Enhancing Their Immune Systems. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/primed-battle-helping-plants-fight-pathogens-enhancing-their-immune-systems/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. FAA Computer Security: Concerns Remain Due to Personnel and Other Continuing Weaknesses. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Desam JR. Effective Nodal Placement in Overlay Networks Using Complexity Theory. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Gustines GG. Off ‘The Real World,’ a Relationship Endures. New York Times 2016:ST19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pediatric Surgery Case Reports
AbbreviationJ. Pediatr. Surg. Case Rep.
ISSN (print)2213-5766
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Surgery

Other styles