How to format your references using the Chinese Physics Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chinese Physics Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Loder N 2000 UK discussed ban on foreign job ads in 1960s Nature 403 121
A journal article with 2 authors
Niehoff D L and Rhodes R 2000 Ideas about the development of violent behavior Science 290 1093c–5c
A journal article with 3 authors
Harris G C, Wimmer M and Aston-Jones G 2005 A role for lateral hypothalamic orexin neurons in reward seeking Nature 437 556–9
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Gordon L, Abu-Farsakh H, Janotti A and Van de Walle C G 2014 Hydrogen bonds in Al2O3 as dissipative two-level systems in superconducting qubits Sci. Rep. 4 7590

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shinohara H and Tagmatarchis N 2015 Endohedral Metallofullerenes (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd)
An edited book
Ledger S 2014 Global to Local Curriculum Policy Processes: The Enactment of the International Baccalaureate in Remote International Schools vol 4, ed L Vidovich and T O’Donoghue (Cham: Springer International Publishing)
A chapter in an edited book
Panakhyo M and Jacobi K 2016 Limited Circumstances: Creating a Better Understanding of Prehistoric Peoples Through the Reanalysis of Collections of Commingled Human Remains Theoretical Approaches to Analysis and Interpretation of Commingled Human Remains ed A J Osterholtz (Cham: Springer International Publishing) pp 75–96

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chinese Physics Letters.

Blog post
Carpineti A 2016 This Might Be The Slowest Pulsar We’ve Ever Found IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1991 Transportation Infrastructure: Highway Program Consolidation (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Claypool K K 2017 Organizational Success: How the Presence of Happiness in the Workplace Affects Employee Engagement that Leads to Organizational Success Doctoral dissertation (Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M 2012 Previous Success for Witness in Mets Case New York Times B18

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChinese Physics Letters
AbbreviationChin. Physics Lett.
ISSN (print)0256-307X
ISSN (online)1741-3540
ScopeGeneral Physics and Astronomy

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