How to format your references using the Chinese Physics Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chinese Physics Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Atkinson P M 2014 Assess the real cost of research assessment Nature 516 145
A journal article with 2 authors
Navarro A and Barton N H 2003 Chromosomal speciation and molecular divergence--accelerated evolution in rearranged chromosomes Science 300 321–4
A journal article with 3 authors
Hiroi T, Zolensky M E and Pieters C M 2001 The Tagish Lake meteorite: a possible sample from a D-type asteroid Science 293 2234–6
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Bautista D M, Siemens J, Glazer J M, Tsuruda P R, Basbaum A I, Stucky C L, Jordt S-E and Julius D 2007 The menthol receptor TRPM8 is the principal detector of environmental cold Nature 448 204–8

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Harrison R G 2014 Meteorological Measurements and Instrumentation (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd)
An edited book
Schippers A, Glombitza F and Sand W 2014 Geobiotechnology I: Metal-related Issues vol 141 (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Venzke I 2010 International Bureaucracies from a Political Science Perspective – Agency, Authority and International Institutional Law The Exercise of Public Authority by International Institutions: Advancing International Institutional Law Beiträge zum ausländischen öffentlichen Recht und Völkerrecht ed A von Bogdandy, R Wolfrum, J von Bernstorff, P Dann and M Goldmann (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer) pp 67–98

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chinese Physics Letters.

Blog post
Luntz S 2017 New Battery Technologies Developed That Don’t Need Rare Materials IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1989 ADP Planning: FDA’s Plans to Improve Processing of Medical Device and Drug Applications (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Curiel A R 2013 A re-examination of the Meyers and Volbrecht motor equation for the identification of suspect effort Doctoral dissertation (Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L 2007 Justices’ Vote in Death Case Is Close Again, but Differing New York Times A16

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChinese Physics Letters
AbbreviationChin. Physics Lett.
ISSN (print)0256-307X
ISSN (online)1741-3540
ScopeGeneral Physics and Astronomy

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