How to format your references using the Journal of Pediatric Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pediatric Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Frenkel, D. (2006). Materials science. Colloidal encounters: a matter of attraction. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5800), 768–769.
A journal article with 2 authors
Simpson, S. J., & Travis, J. (2007). Testing our defenses. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5838), 611.
A journal article with 3 authors
Alby, K., Schaefer, D., & Bennett, R. J. (2009). Homothallic and heterothallic mating in the opportunistic pathogen Candida albicans. Nature, 460(7257), 890–893.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Takamori, S., Rhee, J. S., Rosenmund, C., & Jahn, R. (2000). Identification of a vesicular glutamate transporter that defines a glutamatergic phenotype in neurons. Nature, 407(6801), 189–194.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ganda, K. M. (2013). Dentist’s Guide to Medical Conditions, Medications, and Complications. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Butt, S., Nasu, H., & Nottage, L. (Eds.). (2014). Asia-Pacific Disaster Management: Comparative and Socio-legal Perspectives. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bednar, P. M., & Welch, C. (2008). Loitering with Intent: Dealing with Human-Intensive Systems. In M. D. Marco & N. Casalino (Eds.), Interdisciplinary Aspects of Information Systems Studies: The Italian Association for Information Systems (pp. 33–39). Physica-Verlag HD.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pediatric Nursing.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2017, March 3). Amazon’s Jeff Bezos Wants Humans To Colonize The Moon With His Help. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Transportation Infrastructure: Review of Project Selection Process for Five FHWA Discretionary Programs (RCED-98-14). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kyereboah, R. (2015). Criteria For Appointing Board Members to Corporate Boards in Ghana [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2010, August 5). Scouting Report. New York Times, E6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Frenkel, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Frenkel, 2006; Simpson & Travis, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Simpson & Travis, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Alby et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Takamori et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pediatric Nursing
AbbreviationJ. Pediatr. Nurs.
ISSN (print)0882-5963

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