How to format your references using the Journal of Pediatric Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pediatric Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goldemberg, J. (2007). Ethanol for a sustainable energy future. Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5813), 808–810.
A journal article with 2 authors
Noor, E., & Milo, R. (2012). Evolution. Efficiency in evolutionary trade-offs. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6085), 1114–1115.
A journal article with 3 authors
Haynes, J.-D., Deichmann, R., & Rees, G. (2005). Eye-specific effects of binocular rivalry in the human lateral geniculate nucleus. Nature, 438(7067), 496–499.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Davis, C. H., Li, Y., McConnell, J. R., Frey, M. M., & Hanna, E. (2005). Snowfall-driven growth in East Antarctic ice sheet mitigates recent sea-level rise. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5730), 1898–1901.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barton, L. L., & Northup, D. E. (2011). Microbial Ecology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hall, P. J. (Ed.). (2005). The Square Kilometre Array: An Engineering Perspective. Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Moyer, B. R. (2014). The Role of Pharmacokinetics and Allometrics in Imaging: Practical Issues and Considerations. In B. R. Moyer, N. P. S. Cheruvu, & T. C.-C. Hu (Eds.), Pharmaco-Imaging in Drug and Biologics Development: Fundamentals and Applications (pp. 113–131). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pediatric Nursing.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, October 5). This Water Stream Leaking From A Pool Looks Frozen Solid. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2013). Biomedical Research: NIH Should Assess the Impact of Growth in Indirect Costs on Its Mission (GAO-13-760). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Graham, O. B. (2017). The Chiron Complex: From Spiritual Bypassing to Individuation [Doctoral dissertation]. Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mueller, B. (2015, July 16). An Off-Duty Police Officer Is Robbed of Her Gun After Being Attacked in the Bronx. New York Times, A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goldemberg, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Goldemberg, 2007; Noor & Milo, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Noor & Milo, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Haynes et al., 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Davis et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pediatric Nursing
AbbreviationJ. Pediatr. Nurs.
ISSN (print)0882-5963

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