How to format your references using the Journal of Pediatric Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pediatric Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gingrich, N. (2000). SCIENCE PRIORITIES: An Opportunities-Based Science Budget. Science (New York, N.Y.), 290(5495), 1303.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cisek, P., & Kalaska, J. F. (2004). Neural correlates of mental rehearsal in dorsal premotor cortex. Nature, 431(7011), 993–996.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xin, H., Liu, Q., & Li, B. (2014). Non-contact fiber-optical trapping of motile bacteria: dynamics observation and energy estimation. Scientific Reports, 4, 6576.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Juo, Z. S., Kassavetis, G. A., Wang, J., Geiduschek, E. P., & Sigler, P. B. (2003). Crystal structure of a transcription factor IIIB core interface ternary complex. Nature, 422(6931), 534–539.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rasch, D., & Schott, D. (2015). Mathematische Statistik. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Dimitrakos, T., & Martinelli, F. (Eds.). (2005). Formal Aspects in Security and Trust: IFIP TC1 WG1.7 Workshop on Formal Aspects in Security and Trust (FAST), World Computer Congress, August 22–27, 2004, Toulouse, France (Vol. 173). Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Shibusawa, R., Otsuka, T., & Sugawara, T. (2016). Spread of Cooperation in Complex Agent Networks Based on Expectation of Cooperation. In M. Baldoni, A. K. Chopra, T. C. Son, K. Hirayama, & P. Torroni (Eds.), PRIMA 2016: Principles and Practice of Multi-Agent Systems: 19th International Conference, Phuket, Thailand, August 22-26, 2016, Proceedings (pp. 76–91). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pediatric Nursing.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, June 7). Elephant Appears To Seek Human Help After Being Shot By Poachers. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2006). Telecommunications: FCC Needs to Improve Its Ability to Monitor and Determine the Extent of Competition in Dedicated Access Services (GAO-07-80). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pulido, M. D. (2017). Self-Reported Emotional State as a Measure of Interpersonal Vulnerability [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G. G. (2015, September 7). Graphic Novels Drawn From Comic-Strip Roots. New York Times, B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gingrich, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Cisek & Kalaska, 2004; Gingrich, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cisek & Kalaska, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Xin et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Juo et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pediatric Nursing
AbbreviationJ. Pediatr. Nurs.
ISSN (print)0882-5963

Other styles