How to format your references using the Journal of Pediatric Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pediatric Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Booth, B. B. (2015). Climate change. Why the Pacific is cool. Science (New York, N.Y.), 347(6225), 952.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nesbit, J., & Bradford, M. (2006). 2006 Visualization Challenge. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5794), 1729.
A journal article with 3 authors
Green, B. M., Finn, K. J., & Li, J. J. (2010). Loss of DNA replication control is a potent inducer of gene amplification. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5994), 943–946.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Pandey, M., Syed, S., Donmez, I., Patel, G., Ha, T., & Patel, S. S. (2009). Coordinating DNA replication by means of priming loop and differential synthesis rate. Nature, 462(7275), 940–943.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kompare, D. (2010). CSI. Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Anslow, C., Campos, P., & Jorge, J. (Eds.). (2016). Collaboration Meets Interactive Spaces. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Fraczak, W., & Miller, A. (2012). Disjoint Set Forest Digraph Representation for an Efficient Dominator Tree Construction. In S. Arumugam & W. F. Smyth (Eds.), Combinatorial Algorithms: 23rd International Workshop, IWOCA 2012, Tamil Nadu, India, July 19-21, 2012, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 46–59). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pediatric Nursing.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, December 13). Climate Change Is Causing Reindeer To Literally Shrink. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2009). Small Business Innovation Research: Observations on Agencies’ Data Collection and Eligibility Determination Efforts (GAO-09-956T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Naro, A. (2016). The effects of the structural components of 4-H residential summer programs on the achievement of the essential elements of positive youth development and the acquisition of targeted life skills [Doctoral dissertation]. Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Holden, S. (2015, February 13). Binghamton Just Isn’t Hollywood. New York Times, C10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Booth, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Booth, 2015; Nesbit & Bradford, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nesbit & Bradford, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Green et al., 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Pandey et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pediatric Nursing
AbbreviationJ. Pediatr. Nurs.
ISSN (print)0882-5963

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