How to format your references using the Journal of Pediatric Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pediatric Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weinstein, I. B. (2002). Cancer. Addiction to oncogenes--the Achilles heal of cancer. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5578), 63–64.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brucker, R. M., & Bordenstein, S. R. (2014). Response to Comment on “The hologenomic basis of speciation: gut bacteria cause hybrid lethality in the genus Nasonia.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 345(6200), 1011.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kaufman, Y. J., Tanré, D., & Boucher, O. (2002). A satellite view of aerosols in the climate system. Nature, 419(6903), 215–223.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Janzen, V., Forkert, R., Fleming, H. E., Saito, Y., Waring, M. T., Dombkowski, D. M., … Scadden, D. T. (2006). Stem-cell ageing modified by the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p16INK4a. Nature, 443(7110), 421–426.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dixon, B., & Uddameri, V. (2015). GIS and Geocomputation for Water Resource Science and Engineering. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Audebaud, P., & Paulin-Mohring, C. (Eds.). (2008). Mathematics of Program Construction: 9th International Conference, MPC 2008, Marseille, France, July 15-18, 2008. Proceedings (Vol. 5133). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Parrisbalogun, S. (2013). Adherence. In S. Loue (Ed.), Mental Health Practitioner’s Guide to HIV/AIDS (pp. 75–76). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pediatric Nursing.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016, December 20). 22 Ways To Be Healthier With Minimal Effort. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1984). OMB Needs To More Fully Consider Government-Wide Implications in Its Telecommunications Initiatives (No. IMTEC-84-21). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Urquidi, A. J. (2015). Condolences to all of you: Late eulogies of a half-complacent birthday boy (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Powell, M. (2017, June 5). Warriors Unleash Tornado of Talent, Turning the Finals Into a Breeze. New York Times, p. B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Weinstein, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Brucker & Bordenstein, 2014; Weinstein, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brucker & Bordenstein, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Kaufman, Tanré, & Boucher, 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Janzen et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pediatric Nursing
AbbreviationJ. Pediatr. Nurs.
ISSN (print)0882-5963

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