How to format your references using the Journal of Pediatric Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pediatric Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Knapp, S. (2000). What’s in a name? Nature, 408(6808), 33.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fox, R. C., & Scott, C. S. (2005). First evidence of a venom delivery apparatus in extinct mammals. Nature, 435(7045), 1091–1093.
A journal article with 3 authors
Neves, S. R., Ram, P. T., & Iyengar, R. (2002). G protein pathways. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5573), 1636–1639.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Gonzalez-Leon, J. A., Acar, M. H., Ryu, S.-W., Ruzette, A.-V. G., & Mayes, A. M. (2003). Low-temperature processing of “baroplastics” by pressure-induced flow. Nature, 426(6965), 424–428.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Park, S., & Guille-Escuret, G. (2017). Sociobiology vs Socioecology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Burger, J. (Ed.). (2011). Stakeholders and Scientists: Achieving Implementable Solutions to Energy and Environmental Issues. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Prieto, V. M., Álvarez, M., López-García, R., & Cacheda, F. (2012). Analysis and Detection of Web Spam by Means of Web Content. In M. Salampasis & B. Larsen (Eds.), Multidisciplinary Information Retrieval: 5th Information Retrieval Facility Conference, IRFC 2012, Vienna, Austria, July 2-3, 2012 Proceedings (pp. 43–57). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pediatric Nursing.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, January 31). New footage shows unique perspective of Felix Baumgartner’s historic jump. IFLScience; IFLScience.’s-historic-jump/


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). Space Shuttle: NASA Must Reduce Costs Further to Operate Within Future Projected Funds (NSIAD-95-118). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ploehs, J. R. (2009). The literacy benefits of middle school tutors who tutor emergent readers [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Cincinnati.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. (2017, January 11). Springsteen’s Archives: (Where Else?) In Jersey. New York Times, C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Knapp, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Fox & Scott, 2005; Knapp, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fox & Scott, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Neves et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Gonzalez-Leon et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pediatric Nursing
AbbreviationJ. Pediatr. Nurs.
ISSN (print)0882-5963

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