How to format your references using the Current Urology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Urology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Ott E. Obituary: Edward N. Lorenz (1917-2008). Nature. 2008;453:300.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Mossel E, Vigoda E. Phylogenetic MCMC algorithms are misleading on mixtures of trees. Science. 2005;309:2207–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. James A, Pitchford JW, Plank MJ. James et al. reply. Nature. 2013;500:E2-3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Walther G-R, Post E, Convey P, Menzel A, Parmesan C, Beebee TJC, et al. Ecological responses to recent climate change. Nature. 2002;416:389–95.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Zlokarnik M. Scale-Up in Chemical Engineering. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2006.
An edited book
1. Werlen B, editor. Global Sustainability: Cultural Perspectives and Challenges for Transdisciplinary Integrated Research. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Boeyens JCA. Calculation of Atomic Structure. In: Boeyens JCA, Comba P, editors. Electronic Structure and Number Theory: Bohr’s Boldest Dream. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 71–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Urology Reports.

Blog post
1. Andrews R. This Thieving Butterfly Turns Vicious Red Ants Into Brainwashed Bodyguards. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. NASA: Choices and Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 Jan. Report No.: 146026.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Yang Y. Statistical Analysis of cDNA Microarrays: A Systematic Approach to Identify MTF-1 Mediated Gene Expression Profile in Response to Cadmium [Doctoral dissertation]. [Cincinnati, OH]: University of Cincinnati; 2003.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Barry E, Kishkovsky S. For Tolstoy and Russia, Still No Happy Ending. New York Times. 2011 Jan 4;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Urology Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Urol. Rep.
ISSN (print)1527-2737
ISSN (online)1534-6285
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Urology

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