How to format your references using the Current Urology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Urology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Tobias JA. Biodiversity: Hidden impacts of logging. Nature. 2015;523:163–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Macnaghten P, Owen R. Environmental science: good governance for geoengineering. Nature. 2011;479:293.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Coussens LM, Zitvogel L, Palucka AK. Neutralizing tumor-promoting chronic inflammation: a magic bullet? Science. 2013;339:286–91.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Nelson G, Chandrashekar J, Hoon MA, Feng L, Zhao G, Ryba NJP, et al. An amino-acid taste receptor. Nature. 2002;416:199–202.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Silvia JE. Dynamic Economic Decision Making. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1. Gentleman R, Carey VJ, Huber W, Irizarry RA, Dudoit S, editors. Bioinformatics and Computational Biology Solutions Using R and Bioconductor. New York, NY: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1. O’Shea DJ. Access to Care. In: Loue S, editor. Mental Health Practitioner’s Guide to HIV/AIDS. New York, NY: Springer; 2013. p. 69–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Urology Reports.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. How Fast Are You Moving Through The Universe? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Business Systems Modernization: Internal Revenue Service’s Fiscal Year 2011 Expenditure Plan. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011 Oct. Report No.: GAO-12-26.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Schlumbrecht CE. Do Negative Experiences Influence Substance Use in Adolescent Males and Females? [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Vecsey G. Super Bowl Champion Jets Ignited A Sporting Revival in the Big Town. New York Times. 2010 Jan 24;SP3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Urology Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Urol. Rep.
ISSN (print)1527-2737
ISSN (online)1534-6285
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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