How to format your references using the Current Urology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Urology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Pentland A. Economics: Simple market models fail the test. Nature. 2015;525:190–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Kirwan ML, Megonigal JP. Tidal wetland stability in the face of human impacts and sea-level rise. Nature. 2013;504:53–60.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Alexander JM, Diez JM, Levine JM. Novel competitors shape species’ responses to climate change. Nature. 2015;525:515–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Kim M, Cui M-L, Cubas P, Gillies A, Lee K, Chapman MA, et al. Regulatory genes control a key morphological and ecological trait transferred between species. Science. 2008;322:1116–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Paoluzzi A, Pascucci V, Vicentino M, Baldazzi C, Portuesi S. Geometric Programming for Computer-Aided Design. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
1. Bernus P, Doumeingts G, Fox M, editors. Enterprise Architecture, Integration and Interoperability: IFIP TC 5 International Conference, EAI2N 2010, Held as Part of WCC 2010, Brisbane, Australia, September 20-23, 2010. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Amengual E, Mas A, Mesquida AL. Team SPICE: A SPICE-Based Teamwork Assessment Model. In: Riel A, O’Connor R, Tichkiewitch S, Messnarz R, editors. Systems, Software and Services Process Improvement: 17th European Conference, EuroSPI 2010, Grenoble, France, September 1-3, 2010 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 37–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Urology Reports.

Blog post
1. O`Callaghan J. Methane May Explain How Ancient Mars Had Liquid Water [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/methane-may-explain-how-ancient-mars-had-liquid-water/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Corps of Engineers: Effects of Restrictions on Corps’ Hopper Dredges Should Be Comprehensively Analyzed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003 Mar. Report No.: GAO-03-382.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Bryan JD. Team development social networking and its impact on the encouragement of spiritual leadership [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kenigsberg B. David Lynch: The Art Life. New York Times. 2017 Mar 30;C10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Urology Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Urol. Rep.
ISSN (print)1527-2737
ISSN (online)1534-6285
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Urology

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