How to format your references using the Current Urology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Urology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Prum RO. Evolution. Who’s your daddy? Science. 2008;322:1799–800.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Brosi BJ, Biber EGN. Conservation. Citizen involvement in the U.S. Endangered Species Act. Science. 2012;337:802–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Cortright RD, Davda RR, Dumesic JA. Hydrogen from catalytic reforming of biomass-derived hydrocarbons in liquid water. Nature. 2002;418:964–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Osborn KJ, Haddock SHD, Pleijel F, Madin LP, Rouse GW. Deep-sea, swimming worms with luminescent “bombs.” Science. 2009;325:964.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Breitmaier E. Vom NMR-Spektrum zur Strukturformel organischer Verbindungen. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
1. Halgamuge SK, Wang L, editors. Classification and Clustering for Knowledge Discovery. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Feng L, Hu Y, Hall CAS, Wang J. Comprehensive Analysis of the Energy Return on Investment (EROI) of China. In: Hu Y, Hall CAS, Wang J, editors. The Chinese Oil Industry: History and Future. New York, NY: Springer; 2013. p. 71–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Urology Reports.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Will Stem Cell Burgers Go Mainstream? IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Next Generation Air Transportation System: FAA and NASA Have Improved Human Factors Research Coordination, but Stronger Leadership Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010 Aug. Report No.: GAO-10-824.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Porter LA. Defense Support of Civilian Authorities (DSCA): What emergency managers need to know [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Barron J. The Lost Battle That Helped Win the Revolution. New York Times. 2016 Aug 27;A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Urology Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Urol. Rep.
ISSN (print)1527-2737
ISSN (online)1534-6285
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Urology

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