How to format your references using the Journal of Peace Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Peace Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Livio, Mario. 2011. “Lost in Translation: Mystery of the Missing Text Solved.” Nature 479 (7372): 171–173.
A journal article with 2 authors
Goodall, Jane, and Lilian Pintea. 2010. “Securing a Future for Chimpanzees.” Nature 466 (7303): 180–181.
A journal article with 3 authors
Prieto, M. Almudena, Gianfranco Brunetti, and Karl-Heinz Mack. 2002. “Particle Accelerators in the Hot Spots of Radio Galaxy 3C 445, Imaged with the VLT.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 298 (5591): 193–195.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Morton, Penny E., Alexander Hicks, Theodoros Nastos, George Santis, and Maddy Parsons. 2013. “CAR Regulates Epithelial Cell Junction Stability through Control of E-Cadherin Trafficking.” Scientific Reports 3 (October): 2889.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhang, Wei, Ilya Shmulevich, and Jaakko Astola. 2005. Microarray Quality Control. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Barros, Márcio, and Yvan Labiche, eds. 2015. Search-Based Software Engineering: 7th International Symposium, SSBSE 2015, Bergamo, Italy, September 5-7, 2015, Proceedings. 1st ed. 2015. Vol. 9275. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Copie, Adrian, Teodor-Florin Fortiş, and Victor Ion Munteanu. 2013. “Data Security Perspectives in the Framework of Cloud Governance.” In Euro-Par 2012: Parallel Processing Workshops: BDMC, CGWS, HeteroPar, HiBB, OMHI, Paraphrase, PROPER, Resilience, UCHPC, VHPC, Rhodes Islands, Greece, August 27-31, 2012. Revised Selected Papers, edited by Ioannis Caragiannis, Michael Alexander, Rosa Maria Badia, Mario Cannataro, Alexandru Costan, Marco Danelutto, Frédéric Desprez, et al., 24–33. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Peace Education.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. 2017. “What ‘Walkies’ Says About Your Relationship With Your Dog.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: A Testing Guide (Supersedes AIMD-10.1.21). AIMD-10.1.21. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Parajuli, Bandita. 2014. “Students’ Motivations towards Volunteerism: A Comparative Study of the United States and Nepal.” Doctoral dissertation, Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, John. 2016. “Cable News Networks Report a Banner Year in 2016.” New York Times, December 28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Livio 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Livio 2011; Goodall and Pintea 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Goodall and Pintea 2010)
  • Three authors: (Prieto, Brunetti, and Mack 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Morton et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Peace Education
AbbreviationJ. Peace Educ.
ISSN (print)1740-0201
ISSN (online)1740-021X
Sociology and Political Science
Political Science and International Relations

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