How to format your references using the Journal of Peace Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Peace Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lawler, Andrew. 2011. “Archaeology. America’s Lost City.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 334 (6063): 1618–1623.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sergienko, Olga V., and Richard C. A. Hindmarsh. 2013. “Regular Patterns in Frictional Resistance of Ice-Stream Beds Seen by Surface Data Inversion.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 342 (6162): 1086–1089.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vignal, Clémentine, Nicolas Mathevon, and Stéphane Mottin. 2004. “Audience Drives Male Songbird Response to Partner’s Voice.” Nature 430 (6998): 448–451.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Gerton, J. M., D. Strekalov, I. Prodan, and R. G. Hulet. 2000. “Direct Observation of Growth and Collapse of a Bose-Einstein Condensate with Attractive Interactions.” Nature 408 (6813): 692–695.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rogers, Donald W. 2010. Concise Physical Chemistry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Balandin, Sergey, Yevgeni Koucheryavy, and Honglin Hu, eds. 2011. Smart Spaces and Next Generation Wired/Wireless Networking: 11th International Conference, NEW2AN 2011, and 4th Conference on Smart Spaces, RuSMART 2011, St. Petersburg, Russia, August 22-25, 2011. Proceedings. Vol. 6869. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Neubauer, Thomas, and Mathias Kolb. 2009. “An Evaluation of Technologies for the Pseudonymization of Medical Data.” In Computer and Information Science 2009, edited by Roger Lee, Gongzu Hu, and Huaikou Miao, 47–60. Studies in Computational Intelligence. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Peace Education.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo. 2016. “Juno Completed Its First Jupiter Flyby.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2010. Information Technology: Opportunities Exist to Improve Management of DOD’s Electronic Health Record Initiative. GAO-11-50. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thigpen, L. Christine. 2012. “Building a Concrete Foundation: A Mixed-Method Study of Teaching Styles and the Use of Concrete, Representational, and Abstract Mathematics Instruction.” Doctoral dissertation, Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, Kelly. 2008. “Homegrown: Sweet Peaches.” New York Times, July 13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lawler 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Lawler 2011; Sergienko and Hindmarsh 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sergienko and Hindmarsh 2013)
  • Three authors: (Vignal, Mathevon, and Mottin 2004)
  • 4 or more authors: (Gerton et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Peace Education
AbbreviationJ. Peace Educ.
ISSN (print)1740-0201
ISSN (online)1740-021X
Sociology and Political Science
Political Science and International Relations

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