How to format your references using the Journal of Peace Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Peace Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hurtgen, Matthew T. 2012. “Geochemistry. The Marine Sulfur Cycle, Revisited.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 337 (6092): 305–306.
A journal article with 2 authors
Steinberger, Bernhard, and Trond H. Torsvik. 2008. “Absolute Plate Motions and True Polar Wander in the Absence of Hotspot Tracks.” Nature 452 (7187): 620–623.
A journal article with 3 authors
Neumann, Gabriele, Takeshi Noda, and Yoshihiro Kawaoka. 2009. “Emergence and Pandemic Potential of Swine-Origin H1N1 Influenza Virus.” Nature 459 (7249): 931–939.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Fitzer, Susan C., Vernon R. Phoenix, Maggie Cusack, and Nicholas A. Kamenos. 2014. “Ocean Acidification Impacts Mussel Control on Biomineralisation.” Scientific Reports 4 (August): 6218.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ahmad, S. Rafi, and Michael Cartwright. 2014. Laser Ignition of Energetic Materials. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Proctor, Helen, Patrick Brownlee, and Peter Freebody, eds. 2015. Controversies in Education: Orthodoxy and Heresy in Policy and Practice. Vol. 3. Policy Implications of Research in Education. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Love, Jennifer C., Sharon M. Derrick, and Jason M. Wiersema. 2011. “Long Bone Fractures.” In Skeletal Atlas of Child Abuse, edited by Sharon M. Derrick and Jason M. Wiersema, 69–83. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Peace Education.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2015. “Aphids Vampirize Ant Larvae.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1979. Improvements Needed in the Tennessee Valley Authority’s Management and Use of Its Automatic Data Processing Resources. EMD-79-102. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Warner, Katrina S. 2014. “The Narrative Structure of Children’s Books Used in Language Therapy: An Analysis.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, John. 2017. “Celebrating Two Centuries of Thoreau.” New York Times, January 13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hurtgen 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Hurtgen 2012; Steinberger and Torsvik 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Steinberger and Torsvik 2008)
  • Three authors: (Neumann, Noda, and Kawaoka 2009)
  • 4 or more authors: (Fitzer et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Peace Education
AbbreviationJ. Peace Educ.
ISSN (print)1740-0201
ISSN (online)1740-021X
Sociology and Political Science
Political Science and International Relations

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