How to format your references using the Journal of Peace Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Peace Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Alward, Wallace L. M. 2003. “Biomedicine. A New Angle on Ocular Development.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 299 (5612): 1527–1528.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jung, H., and Karato S. 2001. “Water-Induced Fabric Transitions in Olivine.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 293 (5534): 1460–1463.
A journal article with 3 authors
Richards-Kortum, Rebecca, Lauren Vestewig Gray, and Maria Oden. 2012. “IBI* Series Winner. Engaging Undergraduates in Global Health Technology Innovation.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 336 (6080): 430–431.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Peng, Qiuming, Jianxin Guo, Hui Fu, Xuecheng Cai, Yanan Wang, Baozhong Liu, and Zhigang Xu. 2014. “Degradation Behavior of Mg-Based Biomaterials Containing Different Long-Period Stacking Ordered Phases.” Scientific Reports 4 (January): 3620.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Terré, Michel, Mylène Pischella, and Emmanuelle Vivier. 2013. Wireless Telecommunication Systems. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Teo, Timothy, ed. 2013. Handbook of Quantitative Methods for Educational Research. Rotterdam: SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Herranz, Javier, Jordi Nin, and Vicenç Torra. 2010. “Distributed Privacy-Preserving Methods for Statistical Disclosure Control.” In Data Privacy Management and Autonomous Spontaneous Security: 4th International Workshop, DPM 2009 and Second International Workshop, SETOP 2009, St. Malo, France, September 24-25, 2009, Revised Selected Papers, edited by Joaquin Garcia-Alfaro, Guillermo Navarro-Arribas, Nora Cuppens-Boulahia, and Yves Roudier, 33–47. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Peace Education.

Blog post
Davis, Josh. 2017. “Longest Freshwater Migration Revealed As Catfish Swim Length Of Amazon And Back.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1989. Tactical Airlift: Issues Concerning Air Force Plans for Pacific Distribution System. NSIAD-89-81. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Louviere, Elizabeth C. 2017. “Bonds Behind Bars: The Impact of Program Participation on Interpersonal Inmate Connections in Louisiana State Penitentiary.” Doctoral dissertation, Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, Kelly. 2006. “Big Little Snacks.” New York Times, May 14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Alward 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Alward 2003; Jung and Karato S 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jung and Karato S 2001)
  • Three authors: (Richards-Kortum, Gray, and Oden 2012)
  • 4 or more authors: (Peng et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Peace Education
AbbreviationJ. Peace Educ.
ISSN (print)1740-0201
ISSN (online)1740-021X
Sociology and Political Science
Political Science and International Relations

Other styles