How to format your references using the Journal of Peace Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Peace Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fisher, D. E. 2000. “Secret to Marital Bliss?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 290 (5493): 936b.
A journal article with 2 authors
Huang, Bau-Lin, and Susan Mackem. 2014. “Evolutionary Developmental Biology: Use It or Lose It.” Nature 511 (7507): 34–35.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reinfelder, J. R., A. M. Kraepiel, and F. M. Morel. 2000. “Unicellular C4 Photosynthesis in a Marine Diatom.” Nature 407 (6807): 996–999.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Gstaiger, Matthias, Brian Luke, Daniel Hess, Edward J. Oakeley, Christiane Wirbelauer, Marc Blondel, Marc Vigneron, Matthias Peter, and Wilhelm Krek. 2003. “Control of Nutrient-Sensitive Transcription Programs by the Unconventional Prefoldin URI.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 302 (5648): 1208–1212.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Çapin, Tolga K., Igor S. Pandzic, Nadia Magnenat-Thalmann, and Daniel Thalmann. 2001. Avatars in Networked Virtual Environments. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Huneman, Philippe, ed. 2013. Functions: Selection and Mechanisms. Vol. 363. Synthese Library, Studies in Epistemology, Logic, Methodology, and Philosophy of Science. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Torney, F., B. Frame, and K. Wang. 2007. “Maize.” In Transgenic Crops IV, edited by Eng-Chong Pua and Michael R. Davey, 73–105. Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Peace Education.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2014. “Most Distant Stars In The Milky Way Identified.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2012. Kachemak Bay Ferry: Federally Funded Ferry Was Constructed with Limited Oversight and Faces Future Operating Challenges. GAO-12-559. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nguyen, Jason R. 2012. “Staging Vietnamese America: Music and the Performance of Vietnamese American Identities.” Doctoral dissertation, Bloomington, IN: Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Alderman, Liz. 2017. “Europe Surveys the Gig Economy And Wants Worker Safeguards.” New York Times, October 1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fisher 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Fisher 2000; Huang and Mackem 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Huang and Mackem 2014)
  • Three authors: (Reinfelder, Kraepiel, and Morel 2000)
  • 4 or more authors: (Gstaiger et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Peace Education
AbbreviationJ. Peace Educ.
ISSN (print)1740-0201
ISSN (online)1740-021X
Sociology and Political Science
Political Science and International Relations

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