How to format your references using the Journal of Peace Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Peace Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weitz, David A. 2009. “Materials Science. Unjamming a Polymer Glass.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 323 (5911): 214–215.
A journal article with 2 authors
Trumbore, Susan E., and Claudia I. Czimczik. 2008. “Geology. An Uncertain Future for Soil Carbon.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 321 (5895): 1455–1456.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shi, Yanmei, Gene W. Tyson, and Edward F. DeLong. 2009. “Metatranscriptomics Reveals Unique Microbial Small RNAs in the Ocean’s Water Column.” Nature 459 (7244): 266–269.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Merkel, T. C., B. D. Freeman, R. J. Spontak, Z. He, I. Pinnau, P. Meakin, and A. J. Hill. 2002. “Ultrapermeable, Reverse-Selective Nanocomposite Membranes.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 296 (5567): 519–522.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mead, D. Eugene. 2013. Becoming a Marriage and Family Therapist. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Squires, Victor, Limin Hua, Guolin Li, and Degang Zhang, eds. 2010. Towards Sustainable Use of Rangelands in North-West China. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Rao, Yanghui, Jun Li, Xiyun Xiang, and Haoran Xie. 2015. “Intensive Maximum Entropy Model for Sentiment Classification of Short Text.” In Database Systems for Advanced Applications: DASFAA 2015 International Workshops, SeCoP, BDMS, and Posters, Hanoi, Vietnam, April 20-23, 2015, Revised Selected Papers, edited by An Liu, Yoshiharu Ishikawa, Tieyun Qian, Sarana Nutanong, and Muhammad Aamir Cheema, 42–51. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Peace Education.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2015. “Early Australians Overlapped With Giant, Predatory Lizards.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1980. NASA Should Provide the Congress Complete Cost Information on the Space Telescope Program. PSAD-80-15. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Holman, Rebecca. 2014. “Music History Pedagogy: Three Approaches to Teaching a One-Semester Music History Survey Course in Accordance with the LEAP Initiative.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, David. 1994. “Some Bad Role Models.” New York Times, April 3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Weitz 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Weitz 2009; Trumbore and Czimczik 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Trumbore and Czimczik 2008)
  • Three authors: (Shi, Tyson, and DeLong 2009)
  • 4 or more authors: (Merkel et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Peace Education
AbbreviationJ. Peace Educ.
ISSN (print)1740-0201
ISSN (online)1740-021X
Sociology and Political Science
Political Science and International Relations

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