How to format your references using the Handbook of Clinical Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Handbook of Clinical Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Spudis, P.D., 2001. Planetary science. What is the Moon made of? Science 293, 1779–1781.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tang, S., Guo, A., 2001. Choice behavior of Drosophila facing contradictory visual cues. Science 294, 1543–1547.
A journal article with 3 authors
Freitag, J., Ast, J., Bölker, M., 2012. Cryptic peroxisomal targeting via alternative splicing and stop codon read-through in fungi. Nature 485, 522–525.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhang, S., Xie, C., Wang, Q., et al., 2014. Interactions of CaMKII with dopamine D2 receptors: roles in levodopa-induced dyskinesia in 6-hydroxydopamine lesioned Parkinson’s rats. Sci. Rep. 4, 6811.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schmidt, A.B., 2011. Financial Markets and Trading. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Spotts, H.E. (Ed.), 2015. Creating and Delivering Value in Marketing: Proceedings of the 2003 Academy of Marketing Science (AMS) Annual Conference, Developments in Marketing Science: Proceedings of the Academy of Marketing Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Majumder, M., Ghosh, S., 2013. Methodology, in: Ghosh, S. (Ed.), Decision Making Algorithms for Hydro-Power Plant Location, SpringerBriefs in Energy. Springer, Singapore, pp. 35–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Handbook of Clinical Neurology.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2014. Skipping Rocks On Frozen Lake Makes The “Coolest Sound Ever” [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL https://www.iflscience.com/physics/rocks-ice-make-coolest-sound-ever1/ (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Mass Transit: Use of Alternative Fuels in Transit Buses (No. RCED-00-18). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Winton, T.W., 2015. Student and Teacher Perceptions of Standards-based Grading and Student Performance (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gorman, J., 2017. A Deep Dive for Living Treasure. New York Times D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Spudis, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Spudis, 2001; Tang and Guo, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tang and Guo, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleHandbook of Clinical Neurology
ISSN (print)0072-9752
Scope

Other styles