How to format your references using the Journal of Paleontology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Paleontology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brumfiel, G., 2007, Powerful incentives: Nature, v. 448, p. 741.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mather, J., and Mao, M., 2012, Astronomy: A conversation about observation: Nature, v. 490, p. S5-7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rabinovich, M., Huerta, R., and Laurent, G., 2008, Neuroscience. Transient dynamics for neural processing: Science (New York, N.Y.), v. 321, p. 48–50.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bahar, F., Pratt-Szeliga, P.C., Angus, S., Guo, J., and Welch, R.D., 2014, Describing Myxococcus xanthus aggregation using Ostwald ripening equations for thin liquid films: Scientific Reports, v. 4, p. 6376.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Naylor, W., Laverty, D., and Mallett, J., 2008, The Royal Marsden Hospital Handbook of Wound Management in Cancer Care: Blackwell Science Ltd, Oxford, UK, p.
An edited book
2005, Cosmic Magnetic Fields (R. Wielebinski and R. Beck (eds.)): Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, XIV, 279 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Kano, M., Yamashita, Y., and Kugemoto, H., 2010, Shape-based Stiction Detection; p. 103–113. In M. Jelali and B. Huang (eds.), Detection and Diagnosis of Stiction in Control Loops: State of the Art and Advanced Methods., . Advances in Industrial Control Springer, London.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Paleontology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015, Watch Hyenas Gang Together to Steal a Tasty Meal from Lions. IFLScience. Available at Accessed October 30, 2018 IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1973, Surface Effect Ships: U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, p.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hung, H.-C., 2006, Allocation of Jobs and Resources to Work Centers: Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH p.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2006, Justices Reject Immunity Below State Level: New York Times, p. A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brumfiel, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Brumfiel, 2007; Mather and Mao, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mather and Mao, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Bahar et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Paleontology
AbbreviationJ. Paleontol.
ISSN (print)0022-3360
ISSN (online)1937-2337

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