How to format your references using the Journal of Paleontology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Paleontology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker, M., 2010, Structural biology: Crystal-clear images: Nature, v. 465, p. 824–825.
A journal article with 2 authors
Seder, R.A., and Hill, A.V., 2000, Vaccines against intracellular infections requiring cellular immunity: Nature, v. 406, p. 793–798.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xie, X.S., Yu, J., and Yang, W.Y., 2006, Living cells as test tubes: Science (New York, N.Y.), v. 312, p. 228–230.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Liu, F., Marquardt, S., Lister, C., Swiezewski, S., and Dean, C., 2010, Targeted 3’ processing of antisense transcripts triggers Arabidopsis FLC chromatin silencing: Science (New York, N.Y.), v. 327, p. 94–97.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mackenzie, B., Njikizana, T., Coetsee, D., Chamboko, R., Colyvas, B., Hanekom, B., and Selbst, E., 2014, 2014 Interpretation and Application of International Financial Reporting Standards: John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ, p.
An edited book
Li, Y., 2016, Interconnected Power Systems: Wide-Area Dynamic Monitoring and Control Applications, 1st ed. 2016. (D. Yang, F. Liu, Y. Cao, and C. Rehtanz (eds.)): Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, XV, 223 p. 143 illus. in color p.
A chapter in an edited book
Clausen, B., Brown, D.W., Tomé, C.N., Neil, C.J., Wollmershauser, J.A., and Agnew, S.R., 2011, Application of a Finite Strain Elastic-Plastic Self-Consistent Model to Deformation of Magnesium; p. 33–34. In T. Proulx (ed.), Engineering Applications of Residual Stress, Volume 8: Proceedings of the 2011 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics., . Conference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series Springer, New York, NY.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Paleontology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014, Autism Risk Linked To Prenatal Exposure To Air Pollution. IFLScience. Available at Accessed October 30, 2018 IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1985, Weather Satellite Costs Have Increased: Problems Have Occurred in Their Manufacturing Quality Control: U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, p.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nguyen, L.L., 2017, Pacific Psychiatric Group: A Business Plan For a Direct Pay Outpatient Psychiatric Practice: Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA p.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B., 2016, Theater; Jazzy Structure, Defying Genre: New York Times, p. AR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baker, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Seder and Hill, 2000; Baker, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Seder and Hill, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Paleontology
AbbreviationJ. Paleontol.
ISSN (print)0022-3360
ISSN (online)1937-2337

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