How to format your references using the Journal of Paleontology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Paleontology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Glotzer, M., 2005, The molecular requirements for cytokinesis: Science (New York, N.Y.), v. 307, p. 1735–1739.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gilfanov, M., and Bogdán, A., 2010, An upper limit on the contribution of accreting white dwarfs to the type Ia supernova rate: Nature, v. 463, p. 924–925.
A journal article with 3 authors
Casanova-Sáez, R., Candela, H., and Micol, J.L., 2014, Combined haploinsufficiency and purifying selection drive retention of RPL36a paralogs in Arabidopsis: Scientific Reports, v. 4, p. 4122.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mueller, K.L., Hoon, M.A., Erlenbach, I., Chandrashekar, J., Zuker, C.S., and Ryba, N.J.P., 2005, The receptors and coding logic for bitter taste: Nature, v. 434, p. 225–229.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Landa, R., 2016, Advertising by Design: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, p.
An edited book
2009, China’s Emerging Financial Markets: Challenges and Opportunities (J.R. Barth, J.A. Tatom, and G. Yago (eds.)): Springer US, Boston, MA, XXII, 658 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Sierksma, G., and Ghosh, D., 2010, Shortest Paths; p. 17–35. In D. Ghosh (ed.), Networks in Action: Text and Computer Exercises in Network Optimization., . International Series in Operations Research & Management Science Springer US, Boston, MA.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Paleontology.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015, Study Finds Genetic Link Between Creativity And Psychosis. IFLScience. Available at Accessed October 30, 2018 IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2011, Social Security Statements: Observations on SSA’s Plans for the Social Security Statement: U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, p.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sutton, D.L., 2015, Alumni perceptions of the role of field education in professional preparation: Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA p.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY, J.C., Jr, 2017, Top State Court Deals Facebook a Setback: New York Times, p. A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Glotzer, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Glotzer, 2005; Gilfanov and Bogdán, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gilfanov and Bogdán, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Mueller et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Paleontology
AbbreviationJ. Paleontol.
ISSN (print)0022-3360
ISSN (online)1937-2337

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