How to format your references using the Journal of Palaeogeography citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Palaeogeography. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fabian, A.C., 2006. Astronomy. Variable high-energy gamma rays from the elliptical galaxy M87. Science 314, 1398–1399.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zilles, K., Amunts, K., 2012. Neuroscience. Segregation and wiring in the brain. Science 335, 1582–1584.
A journal article with 3 authors
Casanova-Sáez, R., Candela, H., Micol, J.L., 2014. Combined haploinsufficiency and purifying selection drive retention of RPL36a paralogs in Arabidopsis. Sci. Rep. 4, 4122.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Alison, M.R., Poulsom, R., Jeffery, R., Dhillon, A.P., Quaglia, A., Jacob, J., Novelli, M., Prentice, G., Williamson, J., Wright, N.A., 2000. Hepatocytes from non-hepatic adult stem cells. Nature 406, 257.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Borchard-Tuch, C., Groß, M., 2005. Was Biotronik alles kann. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Han, Y.-S., Salomaa, K. (Eds.), 2016. Implementation and Application of Automata: 21st International Conference, CIAA 2016, Seoul, South Korea, July 19-22, 2016, Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Iwahori, Y., Shibata, K., Kawanaka, H., Funahashi, K., Woodham, R.J., Adachi, Y., 2014. Shape from SEM Image Using Fast Marching Method and Intensity Modification by Neural Network, in: Tweedale, J.W., Jain, L.C. (Eds.), Recent Advances in Knowledge-Based Paradigms and Applications: Enhanced Applications Using Hybrid Artificial Intelligence Techniques, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 73–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Palaeogeography.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. What Is The Biggest Star In The Universe? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996. Human Resources Information Systems Issue Area: Active Assignments (No. AA-96-29(1)). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Duran, P.E., 2010. Factors and prevention strategies to fight childhood obesity (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B., 2017. Film Series. New York Times C20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fabian, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Fabian, 2006; Zilles and Amunts, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zilles and Amunts, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Alison et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Palaeogeography
ISSN (print)2095-3836

Other styles