How to format your references using the Journal of Palaeogeography citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Palaeogeography. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clawson, D., 2009. Infrastructure. Tenure and the future of the university. Science 324, 1147–1148.
A journal article with 2 authors
Anderson, R., Moore, T., 2006. The economics of information security. Science 314, 610–613.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hunt, N., McGrath, D., Stergiou, N., 2014. The influence of auditory-motor coupling on fractal dynamics in human gait. Sci. Rep. 4, 5879.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wakabayashi, Y., Mao, J.-H., Brown, K., Girardi, M., Balmain, A., 2007. Promotion of Hras-induced squamous carcinomas by a polymorphic variant of the Patched gene in FVB mice. Nature 445, 761–765.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Arden, J.B., Linford, L., 2008. Brain-Based Therapy with Adults. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Fiadeiro, J.L., Schobbens, P.-Y. (Eds.), 2007. Recent Trends in Algebraic Development Techniques: 18th International Workshop, WADT 2006, La Roche en Ardenne, Belgium, June 1-3, 2006, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Deshpande, A.P., 2010. Oscillatory Shear Rheology for Probing Nonlinear Viscoelasticity of Complex Fluids: Large Amplitude Oscillatory Shear, in: Krishnan, J.M., Deshpande, A.P., Kumar, P.B.S. (Eds.), Rheology of Complex Fluids. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 87–110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Palaeogeography.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2017. A Company Has Launched A Rocket From A Balloon For The First Time [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1980. Status of Special National Direct Student Loan Funds (No. HRD-80-125). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lingley-Papadopoulos, C.A., 2008. Image analysis of Optical Coherence Tomography images of the urinary bladder for the recognition of bladder cancer (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., 2015. Hispanic Contingent in Congress Asks Treasury to Prevent ‘Catastrophe’ in Puerto Rico. New York Times B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Clawson, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Anderson and Moore, 2006; Clawson, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Anderson and Moore, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Wakabayashi et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Palaeogeography
ISSN (print)2095-3836

Other styles