How to format your references using the Journal of Palaeogeography citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Palaeogeography. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McDonough, W.F., 2011. Geochemistry. Meteoritic clues point chromium toward Earth’s core. Science 331, 1397–1398.
A journal article with 2 authors
von Zastrow, M., Mostov, K., 2001. Signal transduction. A new thread in an intricate web. Science 294, 1845–1847.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kovalenko, M.V., Scheele, M., Talapin, D.V., 2009. Colloidal nanocrystals with molecular metal chalcogenide surface ligands. Science 324, 1417–1420.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Matsubara, H., Yoshimoto, S., Saito, H., Jianglin, Y., Tanaka, Y., Noda, S., 2008. GaN photonic-crystal surface-emitting laser at blue-violet wavelengths. Science 319, 445–447.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Salam, A., 2009. Molecular Quantum Electrodynamics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Poli, R., Seibt, J. (Eds.), 2010. Theory and Applications of Ontology: Philosophical Perspectives. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Ba, S., Yang, X., 2016. Why Does the Internet Impact China More Tremendously?, in: Yang, X. (Ed.), “Internet Plus” Pathways to the Transformation of China’s Property Sector. Springer, Singapore, pp. 61–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Palaeogeography.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2017. Feral Girl Found With Monkeys In A Forest In India [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. Deferred Maintenance: Reporting Requirements and Identified Issues (No. AIMD-97-103R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Valenzuela, M.A., 2017. Pitties for the Kiddies: An Animal-Assisted Therapy Program (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B., 2017. A Familiar Ring. New York Times D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McDonough, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (McDonough, 2011; von Zastrow and Mostov, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (von Zastrow and Mostov, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Matsubara et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Palaeogeography
ISSN (print)2095-3836

Other styles