How to format your references using the Journal of Palaeogeography citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Palaeogeography. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Barabási, A.-L., 2005. The origin of bursts and heavy tails in human dynamics. Nature 435, 207–211.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhang, X.-Q., Xu, D., 2002. Calculating forest biomass changes in China. Science 296, 1359; discussion 1359.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hsu, A.-L., Murphy, C.T., Kenyon, C., 2003. Regulation of aging and age-related disease by DAF-16 and heat-shock factor. Science 300, 1142–1145.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
van der Marel, D., Molegraaf, H.J.A., Zaanen, J., Nussinov, Z., Carbone, F., Damascelli, A., Eisaki, H., Greven, M., Kes, P.H., Li, M., 2003. Quantum critical behaviour in a high-T(c) superconductor. Nature 425, 271–274.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Verdu, J., 2012. Oxidative Ageing of Polymers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Brooks, B.W., Huggett, D.B. (Eds.), 2012. Human Pharmaceuticals in the Environment: Current and Future Perspectives, Emerging Topics in Ecotoxicology, Principles, Approaches and Perspectives. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Knauth, S., Kaufmann, L., Jost, C., Kistler, R., Klapproth, A., 2012. The iLoc Ultrasound Indoor Localization System at the EvAAL 2011 Competition, in: Chessa, S., Knauth, S. (Eds.), Evaluating AAL Systems Through Competitive Benchmarking. Indoor Localization and Tracking: International Competition, EvAAL 2011, Competition in Valencia, Spain, July 25-29, 2011, and Final Workshop in Lecce, Italy, September 26, 2011. Revised Selected Papers, Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 52–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Palaeogeography.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2017. Why Is This Sea Lion Chasing These Poor King Penguins? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1972. The F-14 Aircraft (No. 092339). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kelly, E.J., 2016. What experiences create and nurture a love of science? (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M., 2012. Path of Saudi Arabian Trailblazer Runs Through the United States. New York Times D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Barabási, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Barabási, 2005; Zhang and Xu, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhang and Xu, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (van der Marel et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Palaeogeography
ISSN (print)2095-3836

Other styles