How to format your references using the FinanzArchiv - Public Finance Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for FinanzArchiv - Public Finance Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bernhard, J.M. (2003), Potential symbionts in bathyal foraminifera, Science (New York, N.Y.), 299, 861.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ollerton, J., and Coulthard, E. (2009), Paleontology. Evolution of animal pollination, Science (New York, N.Y.), 326, 808–809.
A journal article with 3 authors
Arnarez, C., Marrink, S.J., and Periole, X. (2013), Identification of cardiolipin binding sites on cytochrome c oxidase at the entrance of proton channels, Scientific reports, 3, 1263.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li, J.J., Zang, X.F., Mao, J.F., Tang, M., Zhu, Y.M., and Zhuang, S.L. (2013), Overlapped optics induced perfect coherent effects, Scientific reports, 3, 3569.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saliba, A.J., Corona, J.C., and Johnson, K.E. (2010), Option Spread Strategies, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Mertins, K., Jardim-Gonçalves, R., Popplewell, K., and Mendonça, J.P. (Eds.) (2016), Enterprise Interoperability VII: Enterprise Interoperability in the Digitized and Networked Factory of the Future, Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Jari, B., Fraser, G., and Obi, A. (2011), Influence of institutional factors on smallholder farmers ’ marketing channel choices, in: Obi, A. (Ed.), Institutional Constraints to Small Farmer Development in Southern Africa, Wageningen Academic Publishers, Wageningen, 101–117.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for FinanzArchiv - Public Finance Analysis.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2017), Light Concentrations Make Some Plants Change Sex, (Access Date: 2018-10-30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1984), First-Year Implementation of the Federal Managers’ Financial Integrity Act in the Department of Education, No. HRD-84-49.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Arnold, D.M. (2017), An Examination of Job Satisfaction Among Full-Time Faculty in a Selected Mississippi Community College, Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chira, S., and Martin, J. (2017), Marchers Map Out Next Steps, New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bernhard, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Bernhard, 2003; Ollerton and Coulthard, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ollerton and Coulthard, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFinanzArchiv - Public Finance Analysis
ISSN (print)0015-2218
ISSN (online)1614-0974

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