How to format your references using the FinanzArchiv - Public Finance Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for FinanzArchiv - Public Finance Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McDonald, R.A. (2014), Animal health: How to control bovine tuberculosis, Nature, 511, 158–159.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chitwood, D.H., and Timmermans, M.C.P. (2010), Small RNAs are on the move, Nature, 467, 415–419.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ahissar, E., Sosnik, R., and Haidarliu, S. (2000), Transformation from temporal to rate coding in a somatosensory thalamocortical pathway, Nature, 406, 302–306.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hammerl, G., Schmehl, A., Schulz, R.R., Goetz, B., Bielefeldt, H., Schneider, C.W., Hilgenkamp, H., and Mannhart, J. (2000), Enhanced supercurrent density in polycrystalline YBa2Cu3O(7-delta) at 77 K from calcium doping of grain boundaries, Nature, 407, 162–164.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Aubry, J.-F., Brinzei, N., and Mazouni, M.-H. (2016), Systems Dependability Assessment, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Azzerboni, B., Asti, G., Pareti, L., and Ghidini, M. (Eds.) (2008), Magnetic Nanostructures in Modern Technology: Spintronics, Magnetic MEMS and Recording, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Edge, D., and Blackwell, A.F. (2016), Peripheral Tangible Interaction, in: Bakker, S., Hausen, D., Selker, T. (Eds.), Peripheral Interaction: Challenges and Opportunities for HCI in the Periphery of Attention, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 65–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for FinanzArchiv - Public Finance Analysis.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017), Scientists Want To Study LSD Microdosing For The First Time, But They Need Your Help, (Access Date: 2018-10-30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991), Space Data: NASA’s Future Data Volumes Create Formidable Challenges, No. IMTEC-91-24.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Oliva, D.A. (2012), Technological mediation: The implications of technology on the human experience, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Lyman, R., and Walsh, M.W. (2013), A City Borrows So Its Schools Open on Time, New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McDonald, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (McDonald, 2014; Chitwood and Timmermans, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chitwood and Timmermans, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Hammerl et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleFinanzArchiv - Public Finance Analysis
ISSN (print)0015-2218
ISSN (online)1614-0974

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