How to format your references using the FinanzArchiv - Public Finance Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for FinanzArchiv - Public Finance Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Greaves, J.S. (2005), Disks around stars and the growth of planetary systems, Science (New York, N.Y.), 307, 68–71.
A journal article with 2 authors
Melbourne, B.A., and Hastings, A. (2009), Highly variable spread rates in replicated biological invasions: fundamental limits to predictability, Science (New York, N.Y.), 325, 1536–1539.
A journal article with 3 authors
Legrand, Y.-M., van der Lee, A., and Barboiu, M. (2010), Single-crystal X-ray structure of 1,3-dimethylcyclobutadiene by confinement in a crystalline matrix, Science (New York, N.Y.), 329, 299–302.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hood, J.D., Bednarski, M., Frausto, R., Guccione, S., Reisfeld, R.A., Xiang, R., and Cheresh, D.A. (2002), Tumor regression by targeted gene delivery to the neovasculature, Science (New York, N.Y.), 296, 2404–2407.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Baldi, P., Frasconi, P., and Smyth, P. (2002), Modeling the Internet and the Web: Probabilistic Methods and Algorithms, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Ortuño, F., and Rojas, I. (Eds.) (2015), Bioinformatics and Biomedical Engineering: Third International Conference, IWBBIO 2015, Granada, Spain, April 15-17, 2015. Proceedings, Part II, Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Ruthven, I. (2005), Integration Approaches to Relevance, in: Spink, A., Cole, C. (Eds.), New Directions in Cognitive Information Retrieval, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 61–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for FinanzArchiv - Public Finance Analysis.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2015), Check Out These Amazing Waterspouts Spotted In China, (Access Date: 2018-10-30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007), Airport Finance: Preliminary Analysis Indicates Proposed Changes in the Airport Improvement Program May Not Resolve Funding Needs for Smaller Airports, No. GAO-07-617T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harris, K.R. (2010), The need for social workers in community clinic settings: A grant writing project, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pogrebin, R., and Cooper, M. (2017), Geffen Calls Lack of Aid For a Hall ‘Shameful,’ New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Greaves, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Greaves, 2005; Melbourne and Hastings, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Melbourne and Hastings, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Hood et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleFinanzArchiv - Public Finance Analysis
ISSN (print)0015-2218
ISSN (online)1614-0974

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