How to format your references using the International Journal of Intelligent Transportation Systems Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Intelligent Transportation Systems Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goodman, S.: Twin peaks Rhône-Alpes. Nature. 426, 366–367 (2003)
A journal article with 2 authors
Hwang, J., Druffel, E.R.M.: Lipid-like material as the source of the uncharacterized organic carbon in the ocean? Science. 299, 881–884 (2003)
A journal article with 3 authors
Cheianov, V.V., Fal’ko, V., Altshuler, B.L.: The focusing of electron flow and a Veselago lens in graphene p-n junctions. Science. 315, 1252–1255 (2007)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Verhaar, A.P., Hoekstra, E., Tjon, A.S.W., Utomo, W.K., Deuring, J.J., Bakker, E.R.M., Muncan, V., Peppelenbosch, M.P.: Dichotomal effect of space flight-associated microgravity on stress-activated protein kinases in innate immunity. Sci. Rep. 4, 5468 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gostick, A., Elton, C.: Führen mit Möhren. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG (2006)
An edited book
Zhuang, F.G., Li, J.C. eds: New Trends in Fluid Mechanics Research: Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Fluid Mechanics (Shanghai, 2007). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2009)
A chapter in an edited book
Bangerter, E., Camenisch, J., Lysyanskaya, A.: A Cryptographic Framework for the Controlled Release of Certified Data. In: Christianson, B., Crispo, B., Malcolm, J.A., and Roe, M. (eds.) Security Protocols: 12th International Workshop, Cambridge, UK, April 26-28, 2004. Revised Selected Papers. pp. 20–42. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2006)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Intelligent Transportation Systems Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Cigarette Smoke Could Thin Cerebral Cortex


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Department of Commerce Could Save $24.6 Million by Modifying Computer Procurement Actions. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1982)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Seevaratnam, N.: Forecasting Optimality in Resource Utilization for Cloud Computing Systems to Maximize Quality of Service, (2019)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K.: Brando: Off the Waterfront, Into the Seminar Rooms, (2000)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Intelligent Transportation Systems Research
ISSN (print)1348-8503
ISSN (online)1868-8659
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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