How to format your references using the International Journal of Intelligent Transportation Systems Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Intelligent Transportation Systems Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wendell, S.: Scientists and societies. Protecting the public investment. Nature. 427, 762 (2004)
A journal article with 2 authors
Oliveira, J.G., Barabási, A.-L.: Human dynamics: Darwin and Einstein correspondence patterns. Nature. 437, 1251 (2005)
A journal article with 3 authors
Walsh, K.J., Richardson, D.C., Michel, P.: Rotational breakup as the origin of small binary asteroids. Nature. 454, 188–191 (2008)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Balashov, S.P., Imasheva, E.S., Boichenko, V.A., Antón, J., Wang, J.M., Lanyi, J.K.: Xanthorhodopsin: a proton pump with a light-harvesting carotenoid antenna. Science. 309, 2061–2064 (2005)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith, C.L.: Basic Process Measurements. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2009)
An edited book
Bourke, S.J., Peel, E.T. eds: Integrated Palliative Care of Respiratory Disease. Springer, London (2013)
A chapter in an edited book
Neubert, B.J., Scharfe, W.-D.: Laser Systems Beam Characteristics, Metrology, and Standards. In: Bachmann, F., Loosen, P., and Poprawe, R. (eds.) High Power Diode Lasers: Technology and Applications. pp. 181–213. Springer, New York, NY (2007)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Intelligent Transportation Systems Research.

Blog post
Andrews, R.: How Will British Science Be Affected If The UK Votes To Leave The EU?,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Customs Automation: Internal Control Weaknesses in Customs’ Revenue Collection Process. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1989)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Duan, C.: Dynamic Analysis of Dry Friction Path in a Torsional System, (2004)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lee, L.: Divide and Conquer, (2014)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Intelligent Transportation Systems Research
ISSN (print)1348-8503
ISSN (online)1868-8659
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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