How to format your references using the International Journal of Intelligent Transportation Systems Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Intelligent Transportation Systems Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A’Hearn, M.F.: The comet no one saw. Nature. 405, 285, 287 (2000)
A journal article with 2 authors
Moir, S., Fauci, A.S.: Immunology. Salmonella susceptibility. Science. 328, 439–440 (2010)
A journal article with 3 authors
Jin, J., Ouyang, Z., Wang, Z.: Association of fruit and vegetables with the risk of nasopharyngeal cancer: evidence from a meta-analysis. Sci. Rep. 4, 5229 (2014)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bhaduri, B., Kandel, M., Brugnara, C., Tangella, K., Popescu, G.: Optical assay of erythrocyte function in banked blood. Sci. Rep. 4, 6211 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mallée, R., Fuchs, W., Eligehausen, R.: Design of Fastenings for Use in Concrete - the CEN/TS 1992-4 Provisions. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany (2013)
An edited book
Horie, Y. ed: Shock Wave Science and Technology Reference Library, Vol. 3: Solids II. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2009)
A chapter in an edited book
Baldocchi, D.D., Ryu, Y.: A Synthesis of Forest Evaporation Fluxes – from Days to Years – as Measured with Eddy Covariance. In: Levia, D.F., Carlyle-Moses, D., and Tanaka, T. (eds.) Forest Hydrology and Biogeochemistry: Synthesis of Past Research and Future Directions. pp. 101–116. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2011)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Intelligent Transportation Systems Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Space Geckos May Be Safe After All As Russia Regains Control Of Sex Satellite,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Policies on U.S. Citizens Studying Medicine Abroad Need Review and Reappraisal. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1980)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Theisen, T.D.: Improving the collaboration infrastructure of an online inter -institutional consortium, (2008)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Schwirtz, M.: New York City Jails Take Another Blow: Respected Official Is Stepping Down, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Intelligent Transportation Systems Research
ISSN (print)1348-8503
ISSN (online)1868-8659
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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