How to format your references using the International Journal of Intelligent Transportation Systems Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Intelligent Transportation Systems Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hollingsworth, M.D.: Chemistry. Calcite biocomposites up close. Science. 326, 1194–1195 (2009)
A journal article with 2 authors
Kulmala, M., Petäjä, T.: Geochemistry. Soil nitrites influence atmospheric chemistry. Science. 333, 1586–1587 (2011)
A journal article with 3 authors
Goldman, Y.E., Franzini-Armstrong, C., Armstrong, C.M.: Andrew Fielding Huxley (1917-2012). Nature. 486, 474 (2012)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mühlbauer, S., Binz, B., Jonietz, F., Pfleiderer, C., Rosch, A., Neubauer, A., Georgii, R., Böni, P.: Skyrmion lattice in a chiral magnet. Science. 323, 915–919 (2009)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moe, T.M., Chubb, J.E.: Liberating Learning. Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, CA, USA (2009)
An edited book
Runarsson, T.P., Beyer, H.-G., Burke, E., Merelo-Guervós, J.J., Whitley, L.D., Yao, X. eds: Parallel Problem Solving from Nature - PPSN IX: 9th International Conference, Reykjavik, Iceland, September 9-13, 2006, Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2006)
A chapter in an edited book
Bloss, C.S., Bakken, T.E., Joyner, A.H., Schork, N.J.: Leveraging High-Dimensional Neuroimaging Data in Genetic Studies of Neuropsychiatric Disease. In: Ritsner, M.S. (ed.) The Handbook of Neuropsychiatric Biomarkers, Endophenotypes and Genes: Neuropsychological Endophenotypes and Biomarkers. pp. 87–102. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2009)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Intelligent Transportation Systems Research.

Blog post
Andrew, D.: Ban Imported American Lobsters – Before They Take Over Europe


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: VA Information Technology: Important Initiatives Begun, Yet Serious Vulnerabilities Persist. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2001)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ashbran, M.C.: Examining student learning in a physics pedagogical content knowledge course, (2011)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dudziak, M.L.: This War Is Not Over Yet, (2012)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Intelligent Transportation Systems Research
ISSN (print)1348-8503
ISSN (online)1868-8659
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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