How to format your references using the Inflammopharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Inflammopharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blackburn GL (2001) Pasteur’s Quadrant and malnutrition. Nature 409:397–401
A journal article with 2 authors
Stefankiewicz AR, Sanders JKM (2010) Chemistry. Harmony of the self-assembled spheres. Science 328:1115–1116
A journal article with 3 authors
Fay JC, Wyckoff GJ, Wu C-I (2002) Testing the neutral theory of molecular evolution with genomic data from Drosophila. Nature 415:1024–1026
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Tsai AP, Guo JQ, Abe E, et al (2000) A stable binary quasicrystal. Nature 408:537–538

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ramirez J (2011) Handbook of Corporate Equity Derivatives and Equity Capital Markets. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Chichester, West Sussex, UK
An edited book
Kibbe MR, LeMaire SA (eds) (2014) Success in Academic Surgery: Basic Science. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Tomppo E, Heikkinen J, Henttonen HM, et al (2011) Results. In: Heikkinen J, Henttonen HM, Ihalainen A, et al. (eds) Designing and Conducting a Forest Inventory - case: 9th National Forest Inventory of Finland. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 93–177

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Inflammopharmacology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Weather Forecasting Is About To Get Even Better. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004) Information Technology: OMB and Department of Homeland Security Investment Reviews. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brown JR (2010) Trajectories of parents’ experiences in discovering, reporting, and living with the aftermath of middle school bullying. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg B (2017) After Unceremonious Exit, Indian Wells Tournament Moves On. New York Times D6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Blackburn 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Blackburn 2001; Stefankiewicz and Sanders 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stefankiewicz and Sanders 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Tsai et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleInflammopharmacology
ISSN (print)0925-4692
ISSN (online)1568-5608
Pharmacology (medical)

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