How to format your references using the Inflammopharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Inflammopharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Erwin D (2009) A call to the custodians of deep time. Nature 462:282–283
A journal article with 2 authors
Bercovici D, Ricard Y (2014) Plate tectonics, damage and inheritance. Nature 508:513–516
A journal article with 3 authors
Neil SJD, Zang T, Bieniasz PD (2008) Tetherin inhibits retrovirus release and is antagonized by HIV-1 Vpu. Nature 451:425–430
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Hampton J, Sibert JR, Kleiber P, et al (2005) Fisheries: decline of Pacific tuna populations exaggerated? Nature 434:E1-2; discussion E2

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nicholls DL, Piergrossi JC, Gibertoni C de S, Daniel MA (2013) Psychoanalytic Thinking in Occupational Therapy. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, West Sussex, UK
An edited book
Roth R, Frost EAM, Gevirtz C, Atcheson CLH (eds) (2015) The Role of Anesthesiology in Global Health: A Comprehensive Guide. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Mansour M (2011) Consumable and Expendable Material Support as an Element of Modular Product Service Systems in the Aviation MRO Industry. In: Hesselbach J, Herrmann C (eds) Functional Thinking for Value Creation: Proceedings of the 3rd CIRP International Conference on Industrial Product Service Systems, Technische Universität Braunschweig, Braunschweig, Germany, May 5th - 6th, 2011. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 13–13

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Inflammopharmacology.

Blog post
Evans K (2017) Amazing Footage Of Great White Sticking Its Nose In A Shark Cage. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Year 2000 Computing Challenge: Important Progress Made, But Much Work Remains to Avoid Disruption of Critical Services. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Desgens-Martin V (2014) High prevalence of carcinoma in California sea lions Zalophus californianus: Evidence of a xenobiotic-induced carcinogenic cascade? Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson K (2015) From Iraq to Oregon, a Global Lotto Jackpot. New York Times A15

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Erwin 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Erwin 2009; Bercovici and Ricard 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bercovici and Ricard 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Hampton et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleInflammopharmacology
ISSN (print)0925-4692
ISSN (online)1568-5608
Pharmacology (medical)

Other styles