How to format your references using the Journal of Ovarian Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Ovarian Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Foster PL. Comment on “A bacterium that can grow by using arsenic instead of phosphorus.” Science. 2011;332:1149; author reply 1149.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Conrad CP, Lithgow-Bertelloni C. How mantle slabs drive plate tectonics. Science. 2002;298:207–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Mendell JT, ap Rhys CMJ, Dietz HC. Separable roles for rent1/hUpf1 in altered splicing and decay of nonsense transcripts. Science. 2002;298:419–22.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Gasparini F, Caicci F, Rigon F, Zaniolo G, Manni L. Testing an unusual in vivo vessel network model: a method to study angiogenesis in the colonial tunicate Botryllus schlosseri. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6460.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Pederson LD. Dialectical Behavior Therapy. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
1. Haasis H-D, Kopfer H, Schönberger J, editors. Operations Research Proceedings 2005: Selected Papers of the Annual International Conference of the German Operations Research Society (GOR), Bremen, September 7–9, 2005. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Shimizu J. DNA Microarray Technology Evaluation of Effect of Dietary Intake of Crude Rice Glycosphingolipids in Mice. In: Kamihira M, Katakura Y, Ito A, editors. Animal Cell Technology: Basic & Applied Aspects: Proceedings of the 21st Annual and International Meeting of the Japanese Association for Animal Cell Technology (JAACT), Fukuoka, Japan, November 24-27, 2008. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010. p. 19–25.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Ovarian Research.

Blog post
1. Carpineti A. Ice Deposit As Big As Lake Superior Found On Mars [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. NSA Methods of Acquiring Automatic Data Processing Equipment. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976 Jun. Report No.: LCD-76-123.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Munn JE. Information Technology Certification Training Implementation: Exploratory Case Study of Air Force and Civilian Leaders Experiences [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Brantley B. Living the Quirky Dream. New York Times. 2017 Apr 4;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Ovarian Research
AbbreviationJ. Ovarian Res.
ISSN (online)1757-2215
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology

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