How to format your references using the Journal of Orthopaedic Translation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Orthopaedic Translation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Retallack GJ. A 300-million-year record of atmospheric carbon dioxide from fossil plant cuticles. Nature 2001;411:287–90.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Susiarjo M, Bartolomei MS. Epigenetics. You are what you eat, but what about your DNA? Science 2014;345:733–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Shams L, Kamitani Y, Shimojo S. Illusions. What you see is what you hear. Nature 2000;408:788.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Noguchi T, Nakamura T, Kimura M, Zolensky ME, Tanaka M, Hashimoto T, et al. Incipient space weathering observed on the surface of Itokawa dust particles. Science 2011;333:1121–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
DiBattista M. Novel Characters. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2010.
An edited book
[1]
Pickard JD, Akalan N, Benes V, Rocco CD, Dolenc VV, Antunes JL, et al., editors. Advances and Technical Standards in Neurosurgery. vol. 36. Vienna: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Strickland P, Williams KM, Laing J, Frost W. The Use of Social Media in the Wine Event Industry: A Case Study of the High Country Harvest in Australia. In: Szolnoki G, Thach L, Kolb D, editors. Successful Social Media and Ecommerce Strategies in the Wine Industry, New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US; 2016, p. 74–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Orthopaedic Translation.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. Gene That Sends Roots Downwards Could Save Barley From Drought. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/root-architecture-gene-could-save-barley-drought-0/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Current National Issues Involving Science and Technology. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1979.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Pockross AF. Campbell, Turner and dog training in Adam Freeman Pockross’s “Every Good Boy Deserves Fudge.” Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Saslow L. If the Pay’s “Confidential,” It Just Disappeared. New York Times 2007:14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Orthopaedic Translation
AbbreviationJ. Orthop. Translat.
ISSN (print)2214-031X
Scope

Other styles