How to format your references using the Journal of Orthopaedic Translation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Orthopaedic Translation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Rice SA. Interfering for the good of a chemical reaction. Nature 2001;409:422–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Bernstein A, Rossant J. Anthony James Pawson (1952-2013). Nature 2013;501:168.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Dietz H, Douglas SM, Shih WM. Folding DNA into twisted and curved nanoscale shapes. Science 2009;325:725–30.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Wright CF, Teichmann SA, Clarke J, Dobson CM. The importance of sequence diversity in the aggregation and evolution of proteins. Nature 2005;438:878–81.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Griskey RG. Transport Phenomena and Unit Operations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
[1]
Deising HB, editor. Plant Relationships. vol. 5. 2nd Edition. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Isakson HR, Sproles S. A Brief History of Native American Land Ownership. In: Small G, Malmgren RM, Simons RA, editors. Indigenous Peoples and Real Estate Valuation, Boston, MA: Springer US; 2008, p. 63–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Orthopaedic Translation.

Blog post
[1]
Carpineti A. Researchers Work Out How To Store Memories On A Chemical Reaction. IFLScience 2017.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Intelligent Transportation Systems: Urban and Rural Transit Providers Reported Benefits but Face Deployment Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Ramirez C. A Policy Analysis: Assembly Bill 1421 or Laura’s Law. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Gordon MR, Schmitt E. Wrestling With North Korea, Trump Finds Perilous Options. New York Times 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Orthopaedic Translation
AbbreviationJ. Orthop. Translat.
ISSN (print)2214-031X
Scope

Other styles