How to format your references using the Journal of Orthopaedic Translation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Orthopaedic Translation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Dennis C. Stem-cell reverse angers Australian biologists. Nature 2002;416:4.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Hatzor A, Weiss P. Molecular rulers for scaling down nanostructures. Science 2001;291:1019–20.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Hori S, Nomura T, Sakaguchi S. Control of regulatory T cell development by the transcription factor Foxp3. Science 2003;299:1057–61.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
van Gastel R, Somfai E, van Saarloos W, Frenken JW. A giant atomic slide-puzzle. Nature 2000;408:665.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
O’Gorman TW. Adaptive Tests of Significance Using Permutations of Residuals with R and SAS®. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
[1]
Viens F, Feng J, Hu Y, Nualart E, editors. Malliavin Calculus and Stochastic Analysis: A Festschrift in Honor of David Nualart. vol. 34. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Day C, Harris B. Understanding and Planning Emotions Research. In: Zembylas M, Schutz PA, editors. Methodological Advances in Research on Emotion and Education, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 55–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Orthopaedic Translation.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. After Pluto There’s Still Plenty Of The Solar System Left To Explore. IFLScience 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Public Transit: Observations on Recent Changes to the Capital Investment Grant Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Katavic I. Corporate social responsibility and sustainable competitive advantage: A case study of the cement industry. Doctoral dissertation. Northcentral University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Oestreich JR. In the Classical Music World, Sept. 11 Anniversary Will Pass With Little Notice. New York Times 2016:C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Orthopaedic Translation
AbbreviationJ. Orthop. Translat.
ISSN (print)2214-031X
Scope

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