How to format your references using the Journal of Orthopaedic Translation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Orthopaedic Translation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Wentrup C. Radical chemistry. From reactive intermediates to stable compounds. Science 2002;295:1846–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Evans WE, Relling MV. Moving towards individualized medicine with pharmacogenomics. Nature 2004;429:464–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Janjić V, Sharan R, Pržulj N. Modelling the yeast interactome. Sci Rep 2014;4:4273.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Sharma S, Kumar SK, Buldyrev SV, Debenedetti PG, Rossky PJ, Stanley HE. A coarse-grained protein model in a water-like solvent. Sci Rep 2013;3:1841.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Shook JR. The God Debates. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2010.
An edited book
[1]
White B, King I, Tsang P, editors. Social Media Tools and Platforms in Learning Environments. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Giorgi A. Professional Marginalization in Psychology: Choice or Destiny? In: Mos LP, editor. History of Psychology in Autobiography, New York, NY: Springer US; 2009, p. 131–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Orthopaedic Translation.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Drink A Glass Of Olive Oil Every Day – The Mediterranean Way To A Long Life. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/drink-glass-olive-oil-every-day-mediterranean-way-long-life/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Overview of the Adult Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program and Its Operation in California. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1980.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Buckingham T. Every teacher an English teacher? Literacy strategy teaching and research in the content area of science education. Doctoral dissertation. Indiana University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
McKINLEY JC Jr. Oakley Rejects Plea Bargain And Demands Day in Court. New York Times 2017:A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Orthopaedic Translation
AbbreviationJ. Orthop. Translat.
ISSN (print)2214-031X
Scope

Other styles