How to format your references using the Journal of Orthopaedic Translation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Orthopaedic Translation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Schiermeier Q. Nobel laureate slams misconduct smear. Nature 2003;421:773.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Wang H-W, Nogales E. Nucleotide-dependent bending flexibility of tubulin regulates microtubule assembly. Nature 2005;435:911–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Li M, Butka E, Wang X. Comprehensive quantification of triacylglycerols in soybean seeds by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry with multiple neutral loss scans. Sci Rep 2014;4:6581.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Nielsen MA, Dowling MR, Gu M, Doherty AC. Quantum computation as geometry. Science 2006;311:1133–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Cauvin C, Escobar F, Serradj A. New Approaches in Thematic Cartography. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
[1]
Fitzgerald J, Hayes IJ, Tarlecki A, editors. FM 2005: Formal Methods: International Symposium of Formal Methods Europe, Newcastle, UK, July 18-22, 2005. Proceedings. vol. 3582. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Yamada S, Tamura Y. Stochastic Differential Equation Models for OSS Reliability Analysis. In: Tamura Y, editor. OSS Reliability Measurement and Assessment, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 27–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Orthopaedic Translation.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. New Evidence Suggests Tyrannosaurs Were Social Creatures. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/new-evidence-suggests-tyrannosaurs-were-social-creatures/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Job Training: Effect of Under-Reported Unemployment Data on Grant Funding to Rural Areas. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1985.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Berkland M. Strain analysis of a detachment shear zone. Doctoral dissertation. University of Louisiana, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
[1]
Paulson M. Tomorrow’s Marquee Names. New York Times 2017:AR26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Orthopaedic Translation
AbbreviationJ. Orthop. Translat.
ISSN (print)2214-031X
Scope

Other styles