How to format your references using the Journal of Historical Geography citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Historical Geography. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
H. Yu, Et in articulo mortis, Nature. 405 (2000) 21.
A journal article with 2 authors
T.W. Kim, K.-S. Choi, Nanoporous BiVO4 photoanodes with dual-layer oxygen evolution catalysts for solar water splitting, Science. 343 (2014) 990–994.
A journal article with 3 authors
A.P. Hibbins, B.R. Evans, J.R. Sambles, Experimental verification of designer surface plasmons, Science. 308 (2005) 670–672.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T. Tomai, S. Mitani, D. Komatsu, Y. Kawaguchi, I. Honma, Metal-free aqueous redox capacitor via proton rocking-chair system in an organic-based couple, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 3591.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. Keene, Clients with Complex Needs: Interprofessional Practice, Blackwell Science Ltd, Oxford, UK, 2008.
An edited book
E. Picozza, ed., Neurolaw: An Introduction, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
L. Cheah, C. Evans, A. Bandivadekar, J. Heywood, Factor of Two: Halving the Fuel Consumption of New U.S. Automobiles by 2035, in: J.S. Cannon, D. Sperling (Eds.), Reducing Climate Impacts in the Transportation Sector, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2009: pp. 49–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Historical Geography.

Blog post
K. Evans, Welsh Farmer Accidentally Creates World’s Hottest Chili, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Business Systems Modernization: IRS’s Fiscal Year 2004 Expenditure Plan, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J.L. Seger, The Occupy Movement: Signs of Cultural Shifts in Group Processes Shaped by Place, Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Rothenberg, Unshaken by Her Low Ranking, Wozniacki Easily Defeats Keys, New York Times. (2016) D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Historical Geography
ISSN (print)0305-7488

Other styles