How to format your references using the Journal of Historical Geography citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Historical Geography. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R.A. Kerr, OIL OUTLOOK:USGS Optimistic on World Oil Prospects, Science. 289 (2000) 237.
A journal article with 2 authors
R.G. Efremov, L.A. Sazanov, Structure of the membrane domain of respiratory complex I, Nature. 476 (2011) 414–420.
A journal article with 3 authors
L.-A. Wu, D. Segal, P. Brumer, No-go theorem for ground state cooling given initial system-thermal bath factorization, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 1824.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M.B. Stone, I.A. Zaliznyak, T. Hong, C.L. Broholm, D.H. Reich, Quasiparticle breakdown in a quantum spin liquid, Nature. 440 (2006) 187–190.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R.L. Bradley Jr., Edison to Enron, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
K.J. Latawiec, M. Łukaniszyn, R. Stanisławski, eds., Advances in Modelling and Control of Non-integer-Order Systems: 6th Conference on Non-integer Order Calculus and Its Applications, 2014 Opole, Poland, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Delnooz, D. Six, Identification of Market Models and Associated Billing Strategies for the Provision of EV Charging Services, in: D. Beeton, G. Meyer (Eds.), Electric Vehicle Business Models: Global Perspectives, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015: pp. 55–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Historical Geography.

Blog post
K. Hamilton, Does Burnt Food Give You Cancer?, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Head Start: Comprehensive Approach to Identifying and Addressing Risks Could Help Prevent Grantee Financial Management Weakenesses, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Z. Yang, Primary Isotope Effect on Secondary Kinetic Isotope Effects and Hammett Correlations in Hydride Transfer Reactions, Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Kelly, CHILDREN’S BOOKS, New York Times. (1993) 717.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Historical Geography
ISSN (print)0305-7488

Other styles