How to format your references using the Wear citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Wear. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
V.A. Apkarian, Chemistry. A pixellated window on chemistry in solids, Science. 313 (2006) 1747–1748.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
A.J. Borgdorff, D. Choquet, Regulation of AMPA receptor lateral movements, Nature. 417 (2002) 649–653.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
J.N. Kay, M.W. Chu, J.R. Sanes, MEGF10 and MEGF11 mediate homotypic interactions required for mosaic spacing of retinal neurons, Nature. 483 (2012) 465–469.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
K. Tanaka, N. Mukae, H. Dewar, M. van Breugel, E.K. James, A.R. Prescott, C. Antony, T.U. Tanaka, Molecular mechanisms of kinetochore capture by spindle microtubules, Nature. 434 (2005) 987–994.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
S. Goria, Methods and Tools for Creative Competitive Intelligence, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2017.
An edited book
[1]
A. Wierzbicki, U. Brandes, F. Schweitzer, D. Pedreschi, eds., Advances in Network Science: 12th International Conference and School, NetSci-X 2016, Wroclaw, Poland, January 11-13, 2016, Proceedings, 1st ed. 2016, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
J. Ma, K. Römer, Visibility Levels: Managing the Tradeoff between Visibility and Resource Consumption, in: P.J. Marron, T. Voigt, P. Corke, L. Mottola (Eds.), Real-World Wireless Sensor Networks: 4th International Workshop, REALWSN 2010, Colombo, Sri Lanka, December 16-17, 2010. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010: pp. 49–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Wear.

Blog post
[1]
J. Fang, New Exomoon Detection Technique, IFLScience. (2014). https://www.iflscience.com/space/new-exomoon-detection-technique/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office, Aviation Security: DHS Has Made Progress in Securing the Commercial Aviation System, but Key Challenges Remain, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
G.J. Reyes-Rodriguez, Nucleophilic additions to a para-benzyne derived from an enediyne: Exploring the non-radical reactivity of a diradical, Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
B. Shpigel, After 5 Months of Work, U.S. Makes (and Earns) a Vital Point, New York Times. (2017) B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleWear
AbbreviationWear
ISSN (print)0043-1648
ScopeMechanics of Materials
Materials Chemistry
Surfaces, Coatings and Films
Condensed Matter Physics
Surfaces and Interfaces

Other styles