How to format your references using the Journal of Geosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Geosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jayaraman KS (2002) Syngenta ready to drop plans for Indian rice venture. Nature 420:596
A journal article with 2 authors
Zarin DA, Tse T (2008) Medicine. Moving toward transparency of clinical trials. Science 319:1340–1342
A journal article with 3 authors
Cohen JC, Horton JD, Hobbs HH (2011) Human fatty liver disease: old questions and new insights. Science 332:1519–1523
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Murakami KS, Masuda S, Campbell EA, et al (2002) Structural basis of transcription initiation: an RNA polymerase holoenzyme-DNA complex. Science 296:1285–1290

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anderson D (2007) TKO Hiring! John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Han W-S, Lee ML, Muliantara A, et al (eds) (2014) Database Systems for Advanced Applications: 19th International Conference, DASFAA 2014, International Workshops: BDMA, DaMEN, SIM3, UnCrowd; Bali, Indonesia, April 21--24, 2014, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Zhan N, Wang S, Zhao H (2013) Formal Modelling, Analysis and Verification of Hybrid Systems. In: Liu Z, Woodcock J, Zhu H (eds) Unifying Theories of Programming and Formal Engineering Methods: International Training School on Software Engineering, Held at ICTAC 2013, Shanghai, China, August 26-30, 2013, Advanced Lectures. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 207–281

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Geosciences.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) Life’s Building Blocks May Have Arisen Simultaneously. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/chemistry/lifes-building-blocks-may-have-arisen-simultaneously/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1978) The Federal Software Exchange Program: A Small Step in Improving Program Sharing. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harris AN (2017) Deadly force: Perceptions of police and exploration of strategies used by African American mothers to protect their sons. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L (2007) Precedents Begin Falling for Roberts Court. New York Times A21

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jayaraman 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Jayaraman 2002; Zarin and Tse 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zarin and Tse 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Murakami et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Geosciences
ISSN (print)1802-6222
ISSN (online)1803-1943
Scope

Other styles