How to format your references using the Journal of Geosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Geosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Taylor WR (2002) A “periodic table” for protein structures. Nature 416:657–660
A journal article with 2 authors
Noble AJ, Stagg SM (2015) STRUCTURAL BIOLOGY. COPI gets a fancy new coat. Science 349:142–143
A journal article with 3 authors
Cohn A, Fehr E, Maréchal MA (2014) Business culture and dishonesty in the banking industry. Nature 516:86–89
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Punckt C, Bölscher M, Rotermund HH, et al (2004) Sudden onset of pitting corrosion on stainless steel as a critical phenomenon. Science 305:1133–1136

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moreau E, Adali T (2013) Blind Identification and Separation of Complex-Valued Signals. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA
An edited book
Soler EA, Jordà MPS (eds) (2007) Intercultural Language Use and Language Learning. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Topaloff LK (2013) Bulgaria. In: Biehl H, Giegerich B, Jonas A (eds) Strategic Cultures in Europe: Security and Defence Policies Across the Continent. Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden, Wiesbaden, pp 43–54

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Geosciences.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Why I Wasn’t Excited About The Medieval Remedy That Works Against MRSA. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) Space Surveillance: DOD and NASA Need Consolidated Requirements and a Coordinated Plan. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tomlinson KL (2008) Working with the imaginal: Art-making and dialogue with figures of soul. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Davey M, Walsh MW (2014) Detroit Reaches Deal With Creditor, as Others Object to Bankruptcy Plans. New York Times A17

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Taylor 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Taylor 2002; Noble and Stagg 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Noble and Stagg 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Punckt et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Geosciences
ISSN (print)1802-6222
ISSN (online)1803-1943

Other styles