How to format your references using the Journal of Geosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Geosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hastings MH (2013) Physiology. A looser clock to cure jet lag. Science 342:52–53
A journal article with 2 authors
Cheng C, Hartwig JF (2014) Rhodium-catalyzed intermolecular C-H silylation of arenes with high steric regiocontrol. Science 343:853–857
A journal article with 3 authors
McQuibban GA, Saurya S, Freeman M (2003) Mitochondrial membrane remodelling regulated by a conserved rhomboid protease. Nature 423:537–541
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Yang T, Dong J, Lu L, et al (2014) All-optical differential equation solver with constant-coefficient tunable based on a single microring resonator. Sci Rep 4:5581

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dunne RA (2006) A Statistical Approach to Neural Networks for Pattern Recognition. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Bian F, Xie Y (eds) (2016) Geo-Informatics in Resource Management and Sustainable Ecosystem: Third International Conference, GRMSE 2015, Wuhan, China, October 16-18, 2015, Revised Selected Papers, 1st ed. 2016. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Rosemann M, vom Brocke J (2015) The Six Core Elements of Business Process Management. In: vom Brocke J, Rosemann M (eds) Handbook on Business Process Management 1: Introduction, Methods, and Information Systems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 105–122

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Geosciences.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) The Moon May Be Triggering The World’s Most Powerful Earthquakes. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2010) Transportation Security: Additional Actions Could Strengthen the Security of Intermodal Transportation Facilities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Roy Chowdhury T (2012) Tracking Carbon Flow during Methane Oxidation into Methanotrophs Using 13C-PLFA Labeling in Pulsing Freshwater Wetlands. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hartocollis A (2014) Snow Brings Days of Tumult for Nursing Home Residents. New York Times A21

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hastings 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Hastings 2013; Cheng and Hartwig 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cheng and Hartwig 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Yang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Geosciences
ISSN (print)1802-6222
ISSN (online)1803-1943

Other styles