How to format your references using the Journal of Oral Biosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Oral Biosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Hastings MH. Physiology. A looser clock to cure jet lag. Science 2013;342:52–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Buluta I, Nori F. Quantum simulators. Science 2009;326:108–11.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Callou C, Samzun A, Zivie A. Archaeology: a lion found in the Egyptian tomb of Maïa. Nature 2004;427:211–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Nakagawa T, Shimizu S, Watanabe T, Yamaguchi O, Otsu K, Yamagata H, et al. Cyclophilin D-dependent mitochondrial permeability transition regulates some necrotic but not apoptotic cell death. Nature 2005;434:652–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Rossner W, Graubner C-A. Spannbetonbauwerke. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2012.
An edited book
[1]
Despotovic Z, Joseph S, Sartori C, editors. Agents and Peer-to-Peer Computing: 4th International Workshop, AP2PC 2005, Utrecht, The Netherlands, July 25, 2005. Revised Papers. vol. 4118. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Liu R, Zhang H, Yang Z. How Does a Researcher Become an Entrepreneur in the High-Tech Industrial Cluster? A Case Study. In: Ferreira JJM, Raposo M, Rutten R, Varga A, editors. Cooperation, Clusters, and Knowledge Transfer: Universities and Firms Towards Regional Competitiveness, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013, p. 59–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Oral Biosciences.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. Most Distant Stars In The Milky Way Identified. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/space/most-distant-stars-milky-way-identified/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: Intelsat Privatization and the Implementation of the ORBIT Act. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Sumi SJ. Eco-Hydrology Driven Evaluation of Statistically Downscaled Precipitation CMIP5 Climate Model Simulations over Louisiana. Doctoral dissertation. University of Louisiana, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Williams J. The Luckiest Man on Earth. New York Times 2017:BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Oral Biosciences
AbbreviationJ. Oral Biosci.
ISSN (print)1349-0079
ScopeGeneral Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Medicine (miscellaneous)
General Dentistry

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