How to format your references using the Journal of Oral Biosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Oral Biosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Macilwain C. World Bank is urged to give greater priority to science. Nature 2000;407:276.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Freiwald WA, Tsao DY. Functional compartmentalization and viewpoint generalization within the macaque face-processing system. Science 2010;330:845–51.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Zhang W, Dunkle JA, Cate JHD. Structures of the ribosome in intermediate states of ratcheting. Science 2009;325:1014–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Whiteley M, Bangera MG, Bumgarner RE, Parsek MR, Teitzel GM, Lory S, et al. Gene expression in Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms. Nature 2001;413:860–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Dormieux L, Kondo D. Micromechanics of Fracture and Damage. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Gaspar-Cunha A, Henggeler Antunes C, Coello CC, editors. Evolutionary Multi-Criterion Optimization: 8th International Conference, EMO 2015, Guimarães, Portugal, March 29 --April 1, 2015. Proceedings, Part I. vol. 9018. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Nagasaki M, Saito A, Doi A, Matsuno H, Miyano S. Starting Cell Illustrator. In: Saito A, Doi A, Matsuno H, Miyano S, editors. Foundations of Systems Biology: Using Cell Illustrator® and Pathway Databases, London: Springer; 2009, p. 25–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Oral Biosciences.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. Advances In Tackling Depression. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/advances-tackling-depression/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Highlights of a GAO Forum: The Federal Government’s Role in Improving Financial Literacy. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Zeedick DM. The modified delphi method to analyze the application of instructional design theory to online graduate education. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Wagner J. DeGrom Escapes Despite A Barrage of Home Runs. New York Times 2017:D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Oral Biosciences
AbbreviationJ. Oral Biosci.
ISSN (print)1349-0079
ScopeGeneral Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Medicine (miscellaneous)
General Dentistry

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