How to format your references using the Biodiversity and Conservation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biodiversity and Conservation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pandit MK (2013) The Himalayas must be protected. Nature 501:283
A journal article with 2 authors
Raiborg C, Stenmark H (2009) The ESCRT machinery in endosomal sorting of ubiquitylated membrane proteins. Nature 458:445–452
A journal article with 3 authors
Kurtovic A, Widmer A, Dickson BJ (2007) A single class of olfactory neurons mediates behavioural responses to a Drosophila sex pheromone. Nature 446:542–546
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Cocheo V, Sacco P, Boaretto C, et al (2000) Urban benzene and population exposure. Nature 404:141–142

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cherniakov M (2003) An Introduction to Parametric Digital Filters and Oscillators. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Wang J, Xie X (eds) (2009) Mesenchymal Stem Cells for the Heart: From Bench to Bedside. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Castro AJM, Rocha AP, Oliveira E (2014) The System Design. In: Rocha AP, Oliveira E (eds) A New Approach for Disruption Management in Airline Operations Control. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 85–122

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biodiversity and Conservation.

Blog post
Taub B (2016) Flesh-Eating Parasite Returns To The US, Half A Century After Being Eradicated. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/flesh-eating-parasite-returns-us-half-century-after-being-eradicated/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2011) Rail Transit: Reliability of FTA’s Rail Accident Database. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kharal SP (2017) Modelling Sensitization Dynamics in 5xxx Series Aluminum Alloys. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kolomatsky M (2017) Singles in the House. New York Times RE2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pandit 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Raiborg and Stenmark 2009; Pandit 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Raiborg and Stenmark 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Cocheo et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiodiversity and Conservation
AbbreviationBiodivers. Conserv.
ISSN (print)0960-3115
ISSN (online)1572-9710
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Ecology
Nature and Landscape Conservation

Other styles