How to format your references using the Biodiversity and Conservation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biodiversity and Conservation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Keeling RF (2005) Comment on “The ocean sink for anthropogenic CO2.” Science 308:1743; author reply 1743
A journal article with 2 authors
Ruocco G, Fratalocchi A (2014) Period doubling induced by thermal noise amplification in genetic circuits. Sci Rep 4:7088
A journal article with 3 authors
de Mel S, McKenzie D, Woodruff C (2012) One-time transfers of cash or capital have long-lasting effects on microenterprises in Sri Lanka. Science 335:962–966
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Wilson KA, McBride MF, Bode M, Possingham HP (2006) Prioritizing global conservation efforts. Nature 440:337–340

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Carvalho MC (2016) Practical Laboratory Automation. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Agha G, Igarashi A, Kobayashi N, et al (eds) (2014) Concurrent Objects and Beyond: Papers dedicated to Akinori Yonezawa on the Occasion of His 65th Birthday. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Küster U, König-Ries B (2010) Measures for Benchmarking Semantic Web Service Matchmaking Correctness. In: Aroyo L, Antoniou G, Hyvönen E, et al. (eds) The Semantic Web: Research and Applications: 7th Extended Semantic Web Conference, ESWC 2010, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, May 30 – June 3, 2010, Proceedings, Part II. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 45–59

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biodiversity and Conservation.

Blog post
Andrews R (2017) A Piece Of Hawaii Just Fell Into The Sea And Exploded. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/piece-hawaii-fell-sea-exploded/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996) Transportation and Telecommunications Issue Area: Active Assignments. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Novak TS (2017) Vital Signs of U.S. Osteopathic Medical Residency Programs Pivoting to Single Accreditation Standards. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M (2014) Decision Is Annulled, Exonerating Officials. New York Times B12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Keeling 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Keeling 2005; Ruocco and Fratalocchi 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ruocco and Fratalocchi 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Wilson et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiodiversity and Conservation
AbbreviationBiodivers. Conserv.
ISSN (print)0960-3115
ISSN (online)1572-9710
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Ecology
Nature and Landscape Conservation

Other styles