How to format your references using the Journal of Economics and Business citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Economics and Business. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Batygin, K. (2012). A primordial origin for misalignments between stellar spin axes and planetary orbits. Nature, 491(7424), 418–420.
A journal article with 2 authors
Elbert, T., & Schauer, M. (2002). Burnt into memory. Nature, 419(6910), 883.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yan, Z., Cai, M., & Shen, P. K. (2013). Nanosized tungsten carbide synthesized by a novel route at low temperature for high performance electrocatalysis. Scientific Reports, 3, 1646.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Gaudinier, A., Rodriguez-Medina, J., Zhang, L., Olson, A., Liseron-Monfils, C., Bågman, A.-M., … Brady, S. M. (2018). Transcriptional regulation of nitrogen-associated metabolism and growth. Nature, 563(7730), 259–264.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Basener, W. F. (2006). Topology and Its Applications. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Yoshimoto, T., & Yoshimoto, T. (Eds.). (2014). Cytokine Frontiers: Regulation of Immune Responses in Health and Disease. Tokyo: Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
García, S., Luengo, J., & Herrera, F. (2015). Dealing with Noisy Data. In J. Luengo & F. Herrera (Eds.), Data Preprocessing in Data Mining (pp. 107–145). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Economics and Business.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, September 2). Corals Eat By Stirring Up Turbulent Vortexes. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Telecommunications: USDA Should Evaluate the Performance of the Rural Broadband Loan Program (No. GAO-14-471). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Duerr, P. S. (2015). Investigation of marine waterjet inlets during turning maneuvers (Doctoral dissertation). Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED, M. J., & Steel, E. (2017, May 1). 21st Century Fox and Blackstone May Be Devising a Joint Offer for Tribune Media. New York Times, p. B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Batygin, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Batygin, 2012, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Elbert & Schauer, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Yan, Cai, & Shen, 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Gaudinier et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Economics and Business
AbbreviationJ. Econ. Bus.
ISSN (print)0148-6195
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Economics and Econometrics

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