How to format your references using the Journal of Economics and Business citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Economics and Business. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dangl, J. L. (2007). Plant science. Nibbling at the plant cell nucleus. Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5815), 1088–1089.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mahadevan, L., & Rica, S. (2005). Self-organized origami. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5716), 1740.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cumings, J., Collins, P. G., & Zettl, A. (2000). Peeling and sharpening multiwall nanotubes. Nature, 406(6796), 586.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Pancost, R. D., Steart, D. S., Handley, L., Collinson, M. E., Hooker, J. J., Scott, A. C., Grassineau, N. V., & Glasspool, I. J. (2007). Increased terrestrial methane cycling at the Palaeocene-Eocene thermal maximum. Nature, 449(7160), 332–335.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yaacoub, E. E., & Dawy, Z. (2012). Resource Allocation in Uplink OFDMA Wireless Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Baum, C. E., Stone, A. P., & Tyo, J. S. (Eds.). (2007). Ultra-Wideband Short-Pulse Electromagnetics 8. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lee, C.-C., Katsamanis, A., Black, M. P., Baucom, B. R., Georgiou, P. G., & Narayanan, S. S. (2011). Affective State Recognition in Married Couples’ Interactions Using PCA-Based Vocal Entrainment Measures with Multiple Instance Learning. In S. D’Mello, A. Graesser, B. Schuller, & J.-C. Martin (Eds.), Affective Computing and Intelligent Interaction: Fourth International Conference, ACII 2011, Memphis, TN, USA, October 9–12, 2011, Proceedings, Part II (pp. 31–41). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Economics and Business.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, July 20). How Science Can Help Us Make AI Less Creepy And More Trustworthy. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2015). Drug-Impaired Driving: Additional Support Needed for Public Awareness Initiatives (GAO-15-293). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Milliken, D. E. (2012). Blood pressure measurement in the primary care provider setting: A project evaluating the blood pressure technique of nursing staff [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY, J. C., Jr., & Alani, H. (2017, July 17). Man Who Pushed Passenger Who Died on Subway Tracks Is Acquitted. New York Times, A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dangl, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Dangl, 2007; Mahadevan & Rica, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mahadevan & Rica, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Cumings et al., 2000)
  • 6 or more authors: (Pancost et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Economics and Business
AbbreviationJ. Econ. Bus.
ISSN (print)0148-6195
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Economics and Econometrics

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