How to format your references using the Journal of Economics and Business citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Economics and Business. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stafford, N. (2006). Angling saxons. Nature, 441(7096), 931.
A journal article with 2 authors
Merritt, D. J., & Dixon, K. W. (2011). Conservation. Restoration seed banks--a matter of scale. Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6028), 424–425.
A journal article with 3 authors
Krupic, J., Burgess, N., & O’Keefe, J. (2012). Neural representations of location composed of spatially periodic bands. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6096), 853–857.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hu, K., Ji, L., Applegate, K. T., Danuser, G., & Waterman-Storer, C. M. (2007). Differential transmission of actin motion within focal adhesions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5808), 111–115.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Good, P. I., & Hardin, J. W. (2006). Common Errors in Statistics (and How to Avoid Them). John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Schliebusch, O. (2007). Optimized ASIP Synthesis from Architecture Description Language Models (H. Meyr & R. Leupers, Eds.). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
de Paula, L. F., & Prates, D. M. (2016). Financial Flows to Emerging Economies and Policy Alternatives Post 2008. In A. V. Gevorkyan & O. Canuto (Eds.), Financial Deepening and Post-Crisis Development in Emerging Markets: Current Perils and Future Dawns (pp. 85–108). Palgrave Macmillan US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Economics and Business.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, September 6). Both Statins And A Mediterranean-Style Diet Can Help Ward Off Heart Disease And Stroke. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Space Acquisitions: Assessment of Overhead Persistent Infrared Technology Report (GAO-14-287R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fuentez, O. L. (2010). Proposition 21: Juveniles tried as adults [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2012, May 24). Wing-Suited Stuntman Executes a Super-Hero Plunge. New York Times, B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stafford, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Merritt & Dixon, 2011; Stafford, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Merritt & Dixon, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Krupic et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Hu et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Economics and Business
AbbreviationJ. Econ. Bus.
ISSN (print)0148-6195
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Economics and Econometrics

Other styles