How to format your references using the Journal of Economics and Business citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Economics and Business. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Holmes, N. (2008). Immunology. A splicing switch for T cells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5889), 646–647.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ehrlich, P. R., & Kennedy, D. (2005). Sustainability. Millennium assessment of human behavior. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5734), 562–563.
A journal article with 3 authors
McCarter, J., Boge, G., & Darlow, G. (2001). Essays on science and society. Safeguarding the world’s natural treasures. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5549), 2099–2101.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Iitsuka, T., Mita, K., Hozumi, A., Hamada, M., Satoh, N., & Sasakura, Y. (2014). Transposon-mediated targeted and specific knockdown of maternally expressed transcripts in the ascidian Ciona intestinalis. Scientific Reports, 4, 5050.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fogel, D. B., Liu, D., & Keller, J. M. (2016). Fundamentals of Computational Intelligence. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Sachs, J., & Parsell, M. (Eds.). (2014). Peer Review of Learning and Teaching in Higher Education: International Perspectives (Vol. 9). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Baptista, J., Morais, R., Valente, A., Soares, S., Bulas-Cruz, J., & Reis, M. J. C. S. (2010). A Software Tool for Harmonic Distortion Simulation Caused by Non-linear Household Loads. In E. Corchado, P. Novais, C. Analide, & J. Sedano (Eds.), Soft Computing Models in Industrial and Environmental Applications, 5th International Workshop (SOCO 2010) (pp. 31–38). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Economics and Business.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, April 4). Moonwalking Flies! IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Intercollegiate Athletics: Compensation Varies for Selected Personnel in Athletic Departments (HRD-92-121). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zeedick, D. M. (2010). The modified delphi method to analyze the application of instructional design theory to online graduate education [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
LISA W. FODERARO; Reporting for this article was contributed by Ford Fessenden, as well as by Kathleen McGrory in Westchester, Akhtar, F., Sophia Chang on, Koblin, J., Nate Schweber in, Lazo, A., & Connecticut, A. S. in. (2006, April 2). That Sound You Hear? The Market Coming Down to Earth. New York Times, 14NJ6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Holmes, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Ehrlich & Kennedy, 2005; Holmes, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ehrlich & Kennedy, 2005)
  • Three authors: (McCarter et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Iitsuka et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Economics and Business
AbbreviationJ. Econ. Bus.
ISSN (print)0148-6195
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Economics and Econometrics

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