How to format your references using the Journal of Economics and Business citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Economics and Business. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Foote, R. (2007). Mathematics and complex systems. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5849), 410–412.
A journal article with 2 authors
Filardi, C. E., & Moyle, R. G. (2005). Single origin of a pan-Pacific bird group and upstream colonization of Australasia. Nature, 438(7065), 216–219.
A journal article with 3 authors
Min, S.-K., Zhang, X., & Zwiers, F. (2008). Human-induced Arctic moistening. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5875), 518–520.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Gerlach, D., Guo, Y., De Castro, C., Kim, S.-H., Schlatterer, K., Xu, F.-F., Pereira, C., Seeberger, P. H., Ali, S., Codée, J., Sirisarn, W., Schulte, B., Wolz, C., Larsen, J., Molinaro, A., Lee, B. L., Xia, G., Stehle, T., & Peschel, A. (2018). Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus alters cell wall glycosylation to evade immunity. Nature.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pétrowski, A., & Ben-Hamida, S. (2017). Evolutionary Algorithms. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bora, P. K., Prasanna, S. R. M., Sarma, K. K., & Saikia, N. (Eds.). (2015). Advances in Communication and Computing (Vol. 347). Springer India.
A chapter in an edited book
Martins, V. F., Kirner, T. G., & Kirner, C. (2015). Subjective Usability Evaluation Criteria of Augmented Reality Applications. In R. Shumaker & S. Lackey (Eds.), Virtual, Augmented and Mixed Reality: 7th International Conference, VAMR 2015, Held as Part of HCI International 2015, Los Angeles, CA, USA, August 2-7, 2015, Proceedings (pp. 39–48). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Economics and Business.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017, June 5). Man Dies Swimming In The Ocean After Ignoring Post-Tattoo Advice. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). Interstate Commerce Commission: Key Issues Need to Be Addressed in Determining Future of ICC’s Regulatory Functions (T-RCED-94-261). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Olszewski, R. M. (2012). Donor Motivations for Donating to a Nonprofit Without a Previous Relationship [Doctoral dissertation]. Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ember, S., & Bowley, G. (2017, June 19). First Trial In Cosby Case Is a Guide For the 2nd. New York Times, A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Foote, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Filardi & Moyle, 2005; Foote, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Filardi & Moyle, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Min et al., 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Gerlach et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Economics and Business
AbbreviationJ. Econ. Bus.
ISSN (print)0148-6195
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Economics and Econometrics

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