How to format your references using the Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Medicine, and Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Medicine, and Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Duffy TS. Mineralogy at the extremes. Nature 2008;451:269–70.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Willis KJ, Bhagwat SA. Ecology. Biodiversity and climate change. Science 2009;326:806–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Ellis AS, Johnson TM, Bullen TD. Chromium isotopes and the fate of hexavalent chromium in the environment. Science 2002;295:2060–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Hannon JB, Hibino H, Bartelt NC, Swartzentruber BS, Ogino T, Kellogg GL. Dynamics of the silicon (111) surface phase transition. Nature 2000;405:552–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Kazemi GA, Lehr JH, Perrochet P. Groundwater Age. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006.
An edited book
[1]
Fanti S. Atlas of SPECT-CT. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Nguyen HT. On Random Sets and Belief Functions. In: Yager RR, Liu L, editors. Classic Works of the Dempster-Shafer Theory of Belief Functions, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008, p. 105–16.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Medicine, and Pathology.

Blog post
[1]
Hale T. The “Dreams” Of Artificial Intelligence Are Getting Even More Lifelike. IFLScience 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Pipeline Safety: Better Data and Guidance Needed to Improve Pipeline Operator Incident Response. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Dickens KR. Factors influencing teacher job satisfaction and their alignment with current district practices in a suburban school district. Doctoral dissertation. Lindenwood University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Poniewozik J. Nostalgia Goes Niche. New York Times 2017:C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Medicine, and Pathology
AbbreviationJ. Oral Maxillofac. Surg. Med. Pathol.
ISSN (print)2212-5558
Scope

Other styles