How to format your references using the Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Victora GD (2013) Science & SciLifeLab Prize. Stop, go, and evolve. Science 342:1186
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Wyatt MB, McSween HY Jr (2002) Spectral evidence for weathered basalt as an alternative to andesite in the northern lowlands of Mars. Nature 417:263–266
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Brosco V, Ying Z-J, Lorenzana J (2013) Exact exchange-correlation potential of an ionic Hubbard model with a free surface. Sci Rep 3:2172
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Novotny V, Drozd P, Miller SE, et al (2006) Why are there so many species of herbivorous insects in tropical rainforests? Science 313:1115–1118

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Jenkinson J, Hyde T, Ahmad S (2008) Building Blocks for Learning: Occupational Therapy Approaches. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, West Sussex, United Kingdom
An edited book
1.
Giannotti F, Pedreschi D (2008) Mobility, Data Mining and Privacy: Geographic Knowledge Discovery. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Ito K, Kochiyama T (2014) Does Comprehensive Income Influence Dividends? Empirical Evidence from Japan. In: Ito K, Nakano M (eds) International Perspectives on Accounting and Corporate Behavior. Springer Japan, Tokyo, pp 107–125

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection.

Blog post
1.
Davis J (2015) Watch Polar Bears Live From The Arctic Tundra. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/watch-polar-bears-live-arctic-tundra/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1999) Federal Communications Commission: Review of the Commission’s Regulations Governing Attribution Ownership Rule. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Rosie SA (2012) Examining stakeholder perceptions of educational success in the Malagasy public education system. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Hahamovitch C (2013) The Lessons of Belle Glade. New York Times A25

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
AbbreviationJ. Ophthalmic Inflamm. Infect.
ISSN (online)1869-5760
ScopeInfectious Diseases
Ophthalmology

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