How to format your references using the Free Radical Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Free Radical Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Donlan J. Re-wilding North America. Nature 2005;436:913–914.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Kiatpongsan S, Sipp D. Medicine. Monitoring and regulating offshore stem cell clinics. Science 2009;323:1564–1565.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Reich DS, Mechler F, Victor JD. Independent and redundant information in nearby cortical neurons. Science 2001;294:2566–2568.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Fischle W, Tseng BS, Dormann HL, et al. Regulation of HP1-chromatin binding by histone H3 methylation and phosphorylation. Nature 2005;438:1116–1122.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Sillar KT, Picton LD, Heitler WJ. The Neuroethology of Predation and Escape. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Kim T-H, Adeli H, Grosky WI, et al. (Eds.). Multimedia, Computer Graphics and Broadcasting: International Conference, MulGraB 2011, Held as Part of the Future Generation Information Technology Conference, FGIT 2011, in Conjunction with GDC 2011, Jeju Island, Korea, December 8-10, 2011. Proceedings, Part II. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Girtz K, Mullins B, Rice M, et al. Practical Application Layer Emulation in Industrial Control System Honeypots. In: Rice M, Shenoi S, editors. Critical Infrastructure Protection X: 10th IFIP WG 11.10 International Conference, ICCIP 2016, Arlington, VA, USA, March 14-16, 2016, Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 83–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Free Radical Research.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. The Future Of Data Science Looks Spectacular. IFLScience 2015;

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Immigration Benefits System: U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services Can Improve Program Management. 2016;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Naughton CC. Assessing Appropriate Technology Handwashing Stations in Mali, West Africa. Doctoral dissertation. University of South Florida. 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Gurley G. Losing Her Friends for the Love of Trump. New York Times 2017;D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFree Radical Research
AbbreviationFree Radic. Res.
ISSN (print)1071-5762
ISSN (online)1029-2470
ScopeBiochemistry
General Medicine

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