How to format your references using the Free Radical Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Free Radical Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Dalton R. France strives for sharper image. Nature 2007;445:699.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Kodama R, Fast-Ignitor Consortium. Fast heating scalable to laser fusion ignition. Nature 2002;418:933–934.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Che H, Drake JF, Swisdak M. A current filamentation mechanism for breaking magnetic field lines during reconnection. Nature 2011;474:184–187.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Sorrentino V, Romani M, Mouchiroud L, et al. Enhancing mitochondrial proteostasis reduces amyloid-β proteotoxicity. Nature 2017;552:187–193.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Taylor FJ. Digital Filters. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
[1]
Nahab FB, Hattori N (Eds.). Neuroimaging of Movement Disorders. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Schättler H, Ledzewicz U. Optimal Control of Mathematical Models for Antiangiogenic Treatments. In: Ledzewicz U, editor. Optimal Control for Mathematical Models of Cancer Therapies: An Application of Geometric Methods. New York, NY: Springer; 2015. p. 171–235.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Free Radical Research.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Global Report Shows How To Beat The World’s Biggest Killers. IFLScience 2015;

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Homeland Security: Oversight of Neglected Human Resources Information Technology Investment Is Needed. 2016;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Miller BA. “Parable-art” beyond the Auden generation: An examination of the message-bearing aspects and architecture of two twenty-first-century works for chorus and chamber orchestra. Doctoral dissertation. University of Arizona. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Rao PS, Isaac M. Uber, Lamenting Cost of ‘Bad Reputation,’ Loses London License. New York Times 2017;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFree Radical Research
AbbreviationFree Radic. Res.
ISSN (print)1071-5762
ISSN (online)1029-2470
ScopeBiochemistry
General Medicine

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