How to format your references using the Free Radical Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Free Radical Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Nield T. A tribe of jobbing ditchers. Nature 2008;451:258–260.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Abbott A, Gitschel U. German scientists left in the cold as Berlin rejects rescue plan. Nature 2000;406:663–664.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Bintanja R, van de Wal RSW, Oerlemans J. Modelled atmospheric temperatures and global sea levels over the past million years. Nature 2005;437:125–128.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Yoon H, Yamashita M, Ata S, et al. Controlling exfoliation in order to minimize damage during dispersion of long SWCNTs for advanced composites. Sci Rep 2014;4:3907.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Krause TR. Leading with Safety. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
[1]
Loeb PA, Wolff MPH (Eds.). Nonstandard Analysis for the Working Mathematician. 2nd ed. 2015. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Wu M, Tam HP, Jen T-H. Classical Test Theory. In: Tam HP, Jen T-H, editors. Educational Measurement for Applied Researchers: Theory into Practice. Singapore: Springer; 2016. p. 73–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Free Radical Research.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. Smoking Can Erase Y Chromosome From Cells. IFLScience 2014;

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Follow up Review of Automatic Data Processing Activities Jet Propulsion Laboratory. 1972;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
McCoy N. Functionality Evaluation of the Wave Suppressor and Sediment Collection (WSSC) System: Wave Reduction, Sediment Collection, Mathematical Model, and Preliminary Field Evaluation. Doctoral dissertation. University of Louisiana. 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Stubbs J, Reyes R. Don’t Waste Your Vote. Trade It. New York Times 2016;A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFree Radical Research
AbbreviationFree Radic. Res.
ISSN (print)1071-5762
ISSN (online)1029-2470
ScopeBiochemistry
General Medicine

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