How to format your references using the Journal of Operations Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Operations Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ciesla, F.J., 2007. Outward transport of high-temperature materials around the midplane of the solar nebula. Science 318, 613–615.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shannon, M.F., Rao, S., 2002. Transcription. Of chips and ChIPs. Science 296, 666–669.
A journal article with 3 authors
Clem, R.L., Celikel, T., Barth, A.L., 2008. Ongoing in vivo experience triggers synaptic metaplasticity in the neocortex. Science 319, 101–104.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Herek, J.L., Wohlleben, W., Cogdell, R.J., Zeidler, D., Motzkus, M., 2002. Quantum control of energy flow in light harvesting. Nature 417, 533–535.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bonnini, S., Corain, L., Marozzi, M., Salmaso, L., 2014. Nonparametric Hypothesis Testing: Rank and Permutation Methods with Applications in R, Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Edmonds, B., Meyer, R. (Eds.), 2013. Simulating Social Complexity: A Handbook, Understanding Complex Systems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Heimfarth, T., Orfanus, D., Wagner, F.R., 2008. Resource-Aware Clustering of Wireless Sensor Networks Based on Division of Labor in Social Insects, in: Hinchey, M., Pagnoni, A., Rammig, F.J., Schmeck, H. (Eds.), Biologically-Inspired Collaborative Computing: IFIP 20th World Computer Congress, Second IFIP TC 10 International Conference on Biologically-Inspired Collaborative Computing, September 8–9, 2008, Milano, Italy, IFIP – The International Federation for Information Processing. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 45–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Operations Management.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. What Is This Bizarre Sea Creature Netted In China? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1981. Small Businesses Are More Active as Inventors Than as Innovators in the Innovation Process (No. PAD-82-19). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zuckerman, T., 2017. The Effect of Communication Between Parents and their Emerging Adult Offspring on Depression and Career Search Self-efficacy (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., 2013. S.&P. Seeks Dismissal of U.S. Civil Suit Over Rating of Mortgage Debt. New York Times B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ciesla, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Ciesla, 2007; Shannon and Rao, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shannon and Rao, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Herek et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Operations Management
AbbreviationJ. Oper. Manage.
ISSN (print)0272-6963
ScopeStrategy and Management
Management Science and Operations Research
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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