How to format your references using the Journal of Operations Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Operations Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chan, M.H.W., 2008. Supersolidity. Science 319, 1207–1209.
A journal article with 2 authors
Devoret, M.H., Schoelkopf, R.J., 2000. Amplifying quantum signals with the single-electron transistor. Nature 406, 1039–1046.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hopkins, A.L., Witty, M.J., Nwaka, S., 2007. Mission possible. Nature 449, 166–169.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hepting, M., Chaix, L., Huang, E.W., Fumagalli, R., Peng, Y.Y., Moritz, B., Kummer, K., Brookes, N.B., Lee, W.C., Hashimoto, M., Sarkar, T., He, J.-F., Rotundu, C.R., Lee, Y.S., Greene, R.L., Braicovich, L., Ghiringhelli, G., Shen, Z.X., Devereaux, T.P., Lee, W.S., 2018. Three-dimensional collective charge excitations in electron-doped copper oxide superconductors. Nature 563, 374–378.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Thériault, M., Rosiers, F.D., 2011. Modeling Urban Dynamics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Nakanishi, S., Kageyama, R., Watanabe, D. (Eds.), 2009. Systems Biology: The Challenge of Complexity. Springer Japan, Tokyo.
A chapter in an edited book
Backhouse, R., 2008. The Capacity-C Torch Problem, in: Audebaud, P., Paulin-Mohring, C. (Eds.), Mathematics of Program Construction: 9th International Conference, MPC 2008, Marseille, France, July 15-18, 2008. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 57–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Operations Management.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. How Ethiopian Highlanders Adapted To Their Low Oxygen Conditions [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015. Internet Protocol Transition: FCC Should Strengthen Its Data Collection Efforts to Assess the Transition’s Effects (No. GAO-16-167). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Simonsen, A.E., 2010. Risk and resilience: Girls’ experiences navigating space and relationships in a secure residential facility (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
MacFARQUHAR, N., Kishkovsky, S., 2015. Russian History Gets a Makeover That Starts With Ivan the Terrible. New York Times A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chan, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Chan, 2008; Devoret and Schoelkopf, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Devoret and Schoelkopf, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Hepting et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Operations Management
AbbreviationJ. Oper. Manage.
ISSN (print)0272-6963
ScopeStrategy and Management
Management Science and Operations Research
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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