How to format your references using the Journal of Operations Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Operations Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Spaldin, N.A., 2004. Materials science. Fundamental size limits in ferroelectricity. Science 304, 1606–1607.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nestler, E.J., Landsman, D., 2001. Learning about addiction from the genome. Nature 409, 834–835.
A journal article with 3 authors
Maamar, H., Raj, A., Dubnau, D., 2007. Noise in gene expression determines cell fate in Bacillus subtilis. Science 317, 526–529.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kodaira, S., Iidaka, T., Kato, A., Park, J.-O., Iwasaki, T., Kaneda, Y., 2004. High pore fluid pressure may cause silent slip in the Nankai Trough. Science 304, 1295–1298.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gunn, D.M., 2016. Judges. Blackwell Publishing, Malden, MA, USA.
An edited book
Okumura, M., Bekki, D., Satoh, K. (Eds.), 2012. New Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence: JSAI-isAI 2011 Workshops, LENLS, JURISIN, ALSIP, MiMI, Takamatsu, Japan, December 1-2, 2011. Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Cremona, J.E., Aranés, M.T., 2014. Congruence Subgroups, Cusps and Manin Symbols over Number Fields, in: Böckle, G., Wiese, G. (Eds.), Computations with Modular Forms: Proceedings of a Summer School and Conference, Heidelberg, August/September 2011, Contributions in Mathematical and Computational Sciences. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 109–127.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Operations Management.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. The Hunt For Meteorites In Antarctica Is Extended For The Next Decade [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005. Transportation Services: Better Dissemination and Oversight of DOT’s Guidance Could Lead to Improved Access for Limited English-Proficient Populations (Korean Version) (No. GAO-06-188). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eldridge, R.L., 2012. A Comparative Quantitative Study of Private College Audit Fee Behavior in a Highly Regulated Environment (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson, M., 2017. Idina Menzel Chooses An Off Broadway Stage. New York Times C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Spaldin, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Nestler and Landsman, 2001; Spaldin, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nestler and Landsman, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Kodaira et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Operations Management
AbbreviationJ. Oper. Manage.
ISSN (print)0272-6963
ScopeStrategy and Management
Management Science and Operations Research
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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