How to format your references using the Journal of Operations Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Operations Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wu, F., 2014. Perspective: time to face the fungal threat. Nature 516, S7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shu, J.-J., Wang, Q.-W., 2014. Beyond Parrondo’s paradox. Sci. Rep. 4, 4244.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gunn, L.J., Allison, A., Abbott, D., 2014. A directional wave measurement attack against the Kish key distribution system. Sci. Rep. 4, 6461.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Spietz, L., Lehnert, K.W., Siddiqi, I., Schoelkopf, R.J., 2003. Primary electronic thermometry using the shot noise of a tunnel junction. Science 300, 1929–1932.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Traitler, H., Coleman, B., Hofmann, K., 2015. Food Industry Design, Technology and Innovation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Trebše, R. (Ed.), 2012. Infected Total Joint Arthroplasty: The Algorithmic Approach. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Prasanna, B.M., Cairns, J., Xu, Y., 2013. Genomic Tools and Strategies for Breeding Climate Resilient Cereals, in: Kole, C. (Ed.), Genomics and Breeding for Climate-Resilient Crops: Vol. 1 Concepts and Strategies. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 213–239.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Operations Management.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. This Is What Ancient Greek Statues Used To Look Like In Color [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1993. Tax Systems Modernization: Comments on IRS’ Portion of President’s Request for Fiscal Year 1993 Supplemental Funds (No. T-IMTEC-93-1). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hoscoe, B.T., 2014. Assistive technology and the promotion of inclusion for special needs children in public schools: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wilson, M., 2017. A Respected Figure, Undone by His Lies. New York Times A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wu, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Shu and Wang, 2014; Wu, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shu and Wang, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Spietz et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Operations Management
AbbreviationJ. Oper. Manage.
ISSN (print)0272-6963
ScopeStrategy and Management
Management Science and Operations Research
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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