How to format your references using the Journal of Operations Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Operations Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
King, M.-C., 2014. “The race” to clone BRCA1. Science 343, 1462–1465.
A journal article with 2 authors
Picker, L.J., Lifson, J.D., 2015. HIV: Seeking ultimate victory. Nature 517, 281–282.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kawase, H., Okata, Y., Ito, K., 2013. Role of huge geometric circular structures in the reproduction of a marine pufferfish. Sci. Rep. 3, 2106.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhang, Y., Yu, L., Liang, J.-Q., Chen, G., Jia, S., Nori, F., 2014. Quantum phases in circuit QED with a superconducting qubit array. Sci. Rep. 4, 4083.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Levander, C.F., 2013. Where is American Literature? Wiley Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Lozano, J.A., Larrañaga, P., Inza, I., Bengoetxea, E. (Eds.), 2006. Towards a New Evolutionary Computation: Advances in the Estimation of Distribution Algorithms, Studies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Lin, Y., Liu, Y., Wang, Y.-T., 2015. Context-Aware Based Mobile Augmented Reality Browser and its Optimization Design, in: Zhang, Y.-J. (Ed.), Image and Graphics: 8th International Conference, ICIG 2015, Tianjin, China, August 13-16, 2015, Proceedings, Part II, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 34–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Operations Management.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2017. Could Life Survive In The TRAPPIST-1 System? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. U.S. Telecommunications Policy: Demand Dictates Supply (No. 144265). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Payne, N.A., 2010. Adults who have learning disabilities: Transition from GED to postsecondary activities (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J., 2016. The Lost Battle That Helped Win the Revolution. New York Times A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hoag, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Cannon, 2014; Koenig, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Picker and Lifson, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Jordan et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Operations Management
AbbreviationJ. Oper. Manage.
ISSN (print)0272-6963
ScopeStrategy and Management
Management Science and Operations Research
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Other styles