How to format your references using the Journal of Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Alvarez, M., 2007, “System-Ready Scientists,” Nature, 447(7144), p. 612.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bininda-Emonds, O. R. P., and Purvis, A., 2012, “Comment on ‘Impacts of the Cretaceous Terrestrial Revolution and KPg Extinction on Mammal Diversification,’” Science, 337(6090), pp. 34; author reply 34.
A journal article with 3 authors
McPhaden, M. J., Zebiak, S. E., and Glantz, M. H., 2006, “ENSO as an Integrating Concept in Earth Science,” Science, 314(5806), pp. 1740–1745.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kratchmarova, I., Blagoev, B., Haack-Sorensen, M., Kassem, M., and Mann, M., 2005, “Mechanism of Divergent Growth Factor Effects in Mesenchymal Stem Cell Differentiation,” Science, 308(5727), pp. 1472–1477.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Liu, W., and Pecht, M., 2005, IC Component Sockets, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Cristini, C., 2009, Sentire e Pensare: Emozioni e Apprendimento Fra Mente e Cervello, Springer, Milano.
A chapter in an edited book
Castro, L. P., Fujiwara, H., Qian, T., and Saitoh, S., 2014, “How to Catch Smoothing Properties and Analyticity of Functions by Computers?,” Mathematics Without Boundaries: Surveys in Interdisciplinary Research, P.M. Pardalos, and T.M. Rassias, eds., Springer, New York, NY, pp. 101–116.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016, “Crystals Found In Siberian Crater Are Unlike Anything Else Found On Earth,” IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1995, Human Resources Information Systems Issue Area: Active Assignments, AA-95-34(4), U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grizzel, R. E., 2010, “Three Choral Works by Dr. James Mobberley—the Analysis Rehearsal, and Performance of ‘Poem to Ease Birth’, ‘Lullaby’, and ‘Spring: O Sparrow,’” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2006, “Justices to Hear Case on Use of Union Fees,” New York Times, p. A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Offshore Mech. Arct. Eng. Trans. ASME
ISSN (print)0892-7219
ISSN (online)1528-896X
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Ocean Engineering

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