How to format your references using the Journal of Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Frood, A., 2010, “Technology: A Flavour of the Future,” Nature, 468(7327), pp. S21-2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Huey, R. B., and Ward, P. D., 2005, “Hypoxia, Global Warming, and Terrestrial Late Permian Extinctions,” Science, 308(5720), pp. 398–401.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xiao, S., Li, R., and Chen, M., 2013, “Detecting Sedimentary Cycles Using Autocorrelation of Grain Size,” Sci. Rep., 3, p. 1653.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rosebeck, S., Madden, L., Jin, X., Gu, S., Apel, I. J., Appert, A., Hamoudi, R. A., Noels, H., Sagaert, X., Van Loo, P., Baens, M., Du, M.-Q., Lucas, P. C., and McAllister-Lucas, L. M., 2011, “Cleavage of NIK by the API2-MALT1 Fusion Oncoprotein Leads to Noncanonical NF-KappaB Activation,” Science, 331(6016), pp. 468–472.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schneider, B. D., 2007, Energy Leadership, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Wee Sit, E., ed., 2015, Sensors and Instrumentation, Volume 5: Proceedings of the 33rd IMAC, A Conference and Exposition on Structural Dynamics, 2015, Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Chen, J. L., Colgan, T. D., Walton, K. L., Gregorevic, P., and Harrison, C. A., 2016, “The TGF-β Signalling Network in Muscle Development, Adaptation and Disease,” Growth Factors and Cytokines in Skeletal Muscle Development, Growth, Regeneration and Disease, J. White, and G. Smythe, eds., Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 97–131.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2016, “Elon Musk Reveals His ‘Master Plan’ To Rule The Electric World,” IFLScience [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1986, Telephone Communications: Bypass of the Local Telephone Companies, RCED-86-66, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Belflower, K. E., 2012, “The Relationship between Demographic and Employment Variables of Job Satisfaction among Emergency Nurses,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B., 2017, “First Comes Love, Then Mortality,” New York Times, p. C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Offshore Mech. Arct. Eng. Trans. ASME
ISSN (print)0892-7219
ISSN (online)1528-896X
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Ocean Engineering

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