How to format your references using the Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Graf P. Hive beetle causes a buzz in Europe. Nature. 2003;423(6942):793.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Chang F, Peter M. Cell biology. Formins set the record straight. Science. 2002;297(5581):531-532.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Zhang Y, Chen G, Zhang C. Tunable spin-orbit coupling and quantum phase transition in a trapped Bose-Einstein condensate. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1937.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Miller N, Estoup A, Toepfer S, et al. Multiple transatlantic introductions of the western corn rootworm. Science. 2005;310(5750):992.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Garber R. BIM Design. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1.
Lee DH, Wang X, eds. Advances in Cryptology – ASIACRYPT 2011: 17th International Conference on the Theory and Application of Cryptology and Information Security, Seoul, South Korea, December 4-8, 2011. Proceedings. Vol 7073. Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Cliffe O, De Vos M, Padget J. Answer Set Programming for Representing and Reasoning About Virtual Institutions. In: Inoue K, Satoh K, Toni F, eds. Computational Logic in Multi-Agent Systems: 7th International Workshop, CLIMA VII, Hakodate, Japan, May 8-9, 2006, Revised Selected and Invited Papers. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer; 2007:60-79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics.

Blog post
1.
Carpineti A. Astronomers Witness The Dying “Breath” Of A Giant Radio Galaxy. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Freight Railroads: Updated Information on Rates and Competition Issues. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Heyen C. Two predictors of smoking behaviors in the LGBTQ population: Anxiety and internalized homophobia. Published online 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Chapman MM. Michigan: Koran-Burning Pastor Draws a Boisterous Crowd. New York Times. April 30, 2011:A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
AbbreviationJ. Ocul. Pharmacol. Ther.
ISSN (print)1080-7683
ISSN (online)1557-7732
ScopeOphthalmology
Pharmacology (medical)
Pharmacology

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