How to format your references using the Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Krupp N. New surprises in the largest magnetosphere of our solar system. Science. 2007;318(5848):216-217.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Otto SP, Jarne P. Evolution. Haploids--hapless or happening? Science. 2001;292(5526):2441-2443.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Lee J, Park J, Choi C. Identification of phenotype deterministic genes using systemic analysis of transcriptional response. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4413.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Chuck G, Muszynski M, Kellogg E, Hake S, Schmidt RJ. The control of spikelet meristem identity by the branched silkless1 gene in maize. Science. 2002;298(5596):1238-1241.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Ng R. Drugs. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1.
Bonino S. Adolescents and Risk: Behavior, Functions, and Protective Factors. (Cattelino E, Ciairano S, eds.). Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Richardson A. From Troubled Marriage to Uneasy Colocation: Thomas Kuhn, Epistemological Revolutions, Romantic Narratives, and History and Philosophy of Science. In: Devlin WJ, Bokulich A, eds. Kuhn’s Structure of Scientific Revolutions - 50 Years On. Boston Studies in the Philosophy and History of Science. Springer International Publishing; 2015:39-50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics.

Blog post
1.
Andrew D. What Actually Are You? IFLScience. Published December 18, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/what-actually-are-you/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Social Security Numbers: Federal Actions Could Further Decrease Availability in Public Records, Though Other Vulnerabilities Remain. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Peterson C. Psycho-Socio-Cultural Risk Factors for Breech Presentation. Doctoral dissertation. University of South Florida; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Crow K. Trying to Make Douglass Circle A Gateway, Not a Roadblock. New York Times. April 20, 2003:146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
AbbreviationJ. Ocul. Pharmacol. Ther.
ISSN (print)1080-7683
ISSN (online)1557-7732
ScopeOphthalmology
Pharmacology (medical)
Pharmacology

Other styles