How to format your references using the ACS Photonics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACS Photonics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mattsson, A. E. Density Functional Theory. In Pursuit of the “Divine” Functional. Science 2002, 298 (5594), 759–760.
A journal article with 2 authors
Turnbull, M. M.; Landee, C. P. Solid State Chemistry. Porous Materials with a Difference. Science 2002, 298 (5599), 1723–1724.
A journal article with 3 authors
Martinson, B. C.; Anderson, M. S.; de Vries, R. Scientists Behaving Badly. Nature 2005, 435 (7043), 737–738.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Pasterkamp, R. J.; Peschon, J. J.; Spriggs, M. K.; Kolodkin, A. L. Semaphorin 7A Promotes Axon Outgrowth through Integrins and MAPKs. Nature 2003, 424 (6947), 398–405.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Good, P. I. A Manager’s Guide to the Design and Conduct of Clinical Trials; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2006.
An edited book
New Advances in Information Systems and Technologies, 1st ed. 2016.; Rocha, Á., Correia, A. M., Adeli, H., Reis, L. P., Mendonça Teixeira, M., Eds.; Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; Vol. 444.
A chapter in an edited book
Hane, J. K.; Williams, A. H.; Taranto, A. P.; Solomon, P. S.; Oliver, R. P. Repeat-Induced Point Mutation: A Fungal-Specific, Endogenous Mutagenesis Process. In Genetic Transformation Systems in Fungi, Volume 2; van den Berg, M. A., Maruthachalam, K., Eds.; Fungal Biology; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; pp 55–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACS Photonics.

Blog post
Fang, J. What Are These Bizarre Formations At Meteorite Fall Sites?. IFLScience. (accessed 2018-10-30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Can the Federal Communications Commission Successfully Implement Its Computer II Decision?; CED-82-38; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1982.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ayer, E. W. An N-Gram Enhanced Learning Classifier for Chinese Character Recognition. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. When Turning Away Customers Will Help the Bottom Line. New York Times. August 27, 2015, p B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleACS Photonics
AbbreviationACS Photonics
ISSN (online)2330-4022

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