How to format your references using the ACS Photonics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACS Photonics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dlott, D. D. Chemistry. Ultrafast Chemical Exchange Seen with 2D Vibrational Echoes. Science 2005, 309 (5739), 1333–1334.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schiøtz, J.; Jacobsen, K. W. A Maximum in the Strength of Nanocrystalline Copper. Science 2003, 301 (5638), 1357–1359.
A journal article with 3 authors
Maharana, C.; Sharma, K. P.; Sharma, S. K. Feedback Mechanism in Depolarization-Induced Sustained Activation of Extracellular Signal-Regulated Kinase in the Hippocampus. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 1103.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
He, J.; Liao, X.-Y.; Zhu, J.-H.; Xue, W.-Q.; Shen, G.-P.; Huang, S.-Y.; Chen, W.; Jia, W.-H. Association of MTHFR C677T and A1298C Polymorphisms with Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Susceptibility: Evidence from a Meta-Analysis. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 6159.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sanchez, A.; Carro, B. Digital Services in the 21st Century; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2017.
An edited book
Inverse Problems and Applications; Beilina, L., Ed.; Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; Vol. 120.
A chapter in an edited book
Jeon, J.; Kim, D.; Kim, G. Network-Oriented Intelligent Agent Infrastructure for Internetworking with Guaranteed Quality of Service in High-Speed Network. In Convergence and Hybrid Information Technology: 5th International Conference, ICHIT 2011, Daejeon, Korea, September 22-24, 2011. Proceedings; Lee, G., Howard, D., Ślęzak, D., Eds.; Communications in Computer and Information Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011; pp 23–30.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACS Photonics.

Blog post
Andrews, R. Military Officials Say Climate Change Presents “Significant And Direct Risks To US Homeland” (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: FAA Efforts Have Improved Safety, but Challenges Remain in Key Areas; GAO-13-442T; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2013.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gordon, R. L. Neural and Behavioral Correlates of Song Prosody. Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, D. A. On Road or Trail, Navigating Made Simple. New York Times. March 5, 2006, p 56.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleACS Photonics
AbbreviationACS Photonics
ISSN (online)2330-4022

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