How to format your references using the ACS Photonics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACS Photonics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lamb, S. Walking with Producers. Nature 2001, 412 (6844), 277.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reichhardt, C. J. O.; Lopatina, L. M. Materials Science. A Ball-and-Chain Polymer Model. Science 2009, 326 (5951), 374–375.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lecavelier des Etangs, A.; Vidal-Madjar, A.; Désert, J.-M. The Origin of Hydrogen around HD 209458b. Nature 2008, 456 (7219), E1; discussion E1-2.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Knutson, H. A.; Charbonneau, D.; Allen, L. E.; Fortney, J. J.; Agol, E.; Cowan, N. B.; Showman, A. P.; Cooper, C. S.; Megeath, S. T. A Map of the Day-Night Contrast of the Extrasolar Planet HD 189733b. Nature 2007, 447 (7141), 183–186.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Di Stefano, M. Distributed Data Management for Grid Computing; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2005.
An edited book
Molecular, Clinical and Environmental Toxicology: Volume 3: Environmental Toxicology; Luch, A., Ed.; Experientia Supplementum; Springer: Basel, 2012; Vol. 101.
A chapter in an edited book
Todt, H. Reinhard Selten and the Scientific Climate in Frankfurt During the Fifties. In The Selten School of Behavioral Economics: A Collection of Essays in Honor of Reinhard Selten; Sadrieh, A., Ockenfels, A., Eds.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010; pp 29–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACS Photonics.

Blog post
Andrew, D. Sex And Other Myths About Weight Loss (accessed 2018 -10 -30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Comments on Proposed OMB Guidance for Implementing the Government Paperwork Elimination Act; AIMD-99-228R; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Llamas, A. L. ALLTAP Solutions, LLC: A Business Plan. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich, J. R. Period Band Saves Empress. New York Times. February 16, 2017, p C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleACS Photonics
AbbreviationACS Photonics
ISSN (online)2330-4022

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