How to format your references using the ACS Photonics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACS Photonics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brown, G. C. Cell Biology. NO Says Yes to Mitochondria. Science 2003, 299 (5608), 838–839.
A journal article with 2 authors
Müller, U. K.; Kranenbarg, S. Physiology. Power at the Tip of the Tongue. Science 2004, 304 (5668), 217–219.
A journal article with 3 authors
Munoz, F.; Couteron, P.; Hubbell, S. P. Comment on “Global Correlations in Tropical Tree Species Richness and Abundance Reject Neutrality.” Science 2012, 336 (6089), 1639; author reply 1639.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Pravec, P.; Vokrouhlický, D.; Polishook, D.; Scheeres, D. J.; Harris, A. W.; Galád, A.; Vaduvescu, O.; Pozo, F.; Barr, A.; Longa, P.; Vachier, F.; Colas, F.; Pray, D. P.; Pollock, J.; Reichart, D.; Ivarsen, K.; Haislip, J.; Lacluyze, A.; Kusnirák, P.; Henych, T.; Marchis, F.; Macomber, B.; Jacobson, S. A.; Krugly, Y. N.; Sergeev, A. V.; Leroy, A. Formation of Asteroid Pairs by Rotational Fission. Nature 2010, 466 (7310), 1085–1088.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
PKF International Ltd. Wiley IFRS 2017 Interpretation and Application of IFRS Standards; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2017.
An edited book
Maltoni, D. Handbook of Fingerprint Recognition; Maio, D., Jain, A. K., Prabhakar, S., Eds.; Springer: London, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Kyrillidis, L.; Hili, G.; Cobourne, S.; Mayes, K.; Markantonakis, K. Virtual World Authentication Using the Smart Card Web Server. In Security in Computing and Communications: International Symposium, SSCC 2013, Mysore, India, August 22-24, 2013. Proceedings; Thampi, S. M., Atrey, P. K., Fan, C.-I., Perez, G. M., Eds.; Communications in Computer and Information Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013; pp 30–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACS Photonics.

Blog post
Luntz, S. Heatwaves Are Destroying Kelp Forests As Well As Coral Reefs. IFLScience. (accessed 2018-10-30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Air Traffic Control: Computer Capacity Shortfalls May Impair Flight Safety; IMTEC-89-63; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Parihar, R. Characterization of the Natural Killer Cell Cytokine Response to Antibody-Coated Tumor Cells. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, 2004.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. Cespedes Said to Accept Highest Salary in Mets History. New York Times. November 29, 2016, p B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleACS Photonics
AbbreviationACS Photonics
ISSN (online)2330-4022

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