How to format your references using the CEN Case Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for CEN Case Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Wang J. Genome-sequencing anniversary. Personal genomes: for one and for all. Science. 2011;331:690.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Kiessling LL, Kraft MB. Chemistry. A path to complex carbohydrates. Science. 2013;341:357–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Chen J, Weidner DJ, Vaughan MT. The strength of Mg(0.9)Fe(0.1)SiO3 perovskite at high pressure and temperature. Nature. 2002;419:824–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Heit JJ, Apelqvist AA, Gu X, Winslow MM, Neilson JR, Crabtree GR, et al. Calcineurin/NFAT signalling regulates pancreatic beta-cell growth and function. Nature. 2006;443:345–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Kiehl AR, Mays MBC. Atlas for the Diagnosis of Tumors in the Dog and Cat. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1. Murgante B, Gervasi O, Iglesias A, Taniar D, Apduhan BO, editors. Computational Science and Its Applications - ICCSA 2011: International Conference, Santander, Spain, June 20-23, 2011. Proceedings, Part V. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Olmanson LG, Brezonik PL, Bauer ME. Remote Sensing for Regional Lake Water Quality Assessment: Capabilities and Limitations of Current and Upcoming Satellite Systems. In: Younos T, Parece TE, editors. Advances in Watershed Science and Assessment. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 111–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for CEN Case Reports.

Blog post
1. Hamilton K. Fossil Teeth Reveal The Secret Rise Of Mammals – Millions Of Years Before Dinosaurs Became Extinct [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/fossil-teeth-reveal-the-secret-rise-of-mammals-millions-of-years-before-dinosaurs-became-extinct/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: Intelsat Privatization and the Implementation of the ORBIT Act. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004 Sep. Report No.: GAO-04-891.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Fay C. Aposematic Variation and the Evolution of Warning Coloration in Mammals [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. O’connor J. Biking Through Badlands. New York Times. 2016 Sep 13;TR1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCEN Case Reports
AbbreviationCEN Case Rep.
ISSN (online)2192-4449
Scope

Other styles