How to format your references using the The Journal of Chinese Sociology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Chinese Sociology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Walker, Cathy. 2014. The fun of science. Science (New York, N.Y.) 344: 1314.
A journal article with 2 authors
Patzelt, Felix, and Klaus Pawelzik. 2013. An inherent instability of efficient markets. Scientific reports 3: 2784.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dehaene-Lambertz, Ghislaine, Stanislas Dehaene, and Lucie Hertz-Pannier. 2002. Functional neuroimaging of speech perception in infants. Science (New York, N.Y.) 298: 2013–2015.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Houghton, A. Mcgarry, William O. Hartzell, Clinton S. Robbins, F. Xavier Gomis-Rüth, and Steven D. Shapiro. 2009. Macrophage elastase kills bacteria within murine macrophages. Nature 460: 637–641.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Adams, Frederick, and Kenneth Aizawa. 2010. The Bounds of Cognition. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Weltner, Klaus. 2009. Mathematics for Physicists and Engineers: Fundamentals and Interactive Study Guide. Edited by Wolfgang J. Weber, Jean Grosjean, and Peter Schuster. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Massone, Cesare, and Enrico Nunzi. 2012. Pathogenesis. In Leprosy: A Practical Guide, ed. Enrico Nunzi and Cesare Massone, 39–42. Milano: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Chinese Sociology.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. Mating Market Theory: The Math Of One-Night Stands And Long-Term Relationships. IFLScience. IFLScience. April 23.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2003. Mass Transit: FTA Needs to Provide Clear Information and Additional Guidance on the New Starts Ratings Process. GAO-03-701. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jones, Ginger. 2009. The impact of song on repeated reading: An examination of comprehension, fluency, and engagement with texts of Hispanic second graders in a Title I urban school. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, George Gene. 2016. Seeing Him in the Funny Papers. New York Times, July 28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Walker 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Patzelt and Pawelzik 2013; Walker 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Patzelt and Pawelzik 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Houghton et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Chinese Sociology
AbbreviationJ. Chin. Sociol.
ISSN (online)2198-2635

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