How to format your references using the The Journal of Chinese Sociology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Chinese Sociology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hanson, Brooks. 2008. Mercury, up-close again. Introduction. Science (New York, N.Y.) 321: 58.
A journal article with 2 authors
Frohlich, Michael W., and Mark W. Chase. 2007. After a dozen years of progress the origin of angiosperms is still a great mystery. Nature 450: 1184–1189.
A journal article with 3 authors
Van Hoof, Chris, Kris Baert, and Ann Witvrouw. 2004. Physics. The best materials for tiny, clever sensors. Science (New York, N.Y.) 306: 986–987.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Blackburn, J. M., D. P. Long, A. Cabanas, and J. J. Watkins. 2001. Deposition of conformal copper and nickel films from supercritical carbon dioxide. Science (New York, N.Y.) 294: 141–145.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kulkarni, Sanjeev, and Gilbert Harman. 2011. An Elementary Introduction to Statistical Learning Theory: Kulkarni/Statistical Learning Theory. Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Huff, Howard R., ed. 2009. Into the Nano Era: Moore’s Law Beyond Planar Silicon CMOS. Vol. 106. Springer Series in Materials Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Martyna, Jerzy, and Marcin Nowrot. 2009. A Novel Multicast Routing Protocol for Mobile Sensor Networks with Topology Control. In Computer Networks: 16th Conference, CN 2009, Wisła, Poland, June 16-20, 2009. Proceedings, ed. Andrzej Kwiecień, Piotr Gaj, and Piotr Stera, 34–49. Communications in Computer and Information Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Chinese Sociology.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2014. NASA Just Emailed A Wrench To The International Space Station. IFLScience. IFLScience. December 19.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1976. Technology Innovation: Improving the Climate for Government-Industry Cooperation. 094659. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Barnett, Jeremiah. 2017. Understanding gender differences in teachers’ level of insight as it relates to ADHD. Doctoral dissertation, Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly, Erin. 1998. Media Talk; Dialing Sister Souljah at WLIB. New York Times, June 15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hanson 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Frohlich and Chase 2007; Hanson 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Frohlich and Chase 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Blackburn et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Chinese Sociology
AbbreviationJ. Chin. Sociol.
ISSN (online)2198-2635

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