How to format your references using the The Journal of Chinese Sociology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Chinese Sociology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Moore, C. Mark. 2014. Ocean Science. Microbial proteins and oceanic nutrient cycles. Science (New York, N.Y.) 345: 1120–1121.
A journal article with 2 authors
Maynard, Andrew, and David Rejeski. 2009. Too small to overlook. Nature 460: 174.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tuthill, P. G., J. D. Monnier, and W. C. Danchi. 2001. A dusty torus around the luminous young star LkH alpha101. Nature 409: 1012–1014.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Farrow, N., D. Miller, P. Cmielewski, M. Donnelley, R. Bright, and D. W. Parsons. 2013. Airway gene transfer in a non-human primate: lentiviral gene expression in marmoset lungs. Scientific reports 3: 1287.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Allen, Danielle S. 2012. Why Plato Wrote. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Ehiri, John, ed. 2009. Maternal and Child Health: Global Challenges, Programs, and Policies. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Leach, Richard. 2009. Pneumonia. In Respiratory Disease and its Management, ed. A. McLuckie, 51–59. Competency-Based Critical Care. London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Chinese Sociology.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. Teen Citizen Scientists are Giving us Inside Knowledge to Fight Disease. IFLScience. IFLScience. July 9.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2007. Transportation Security: DHS Efforts to Eliminate Redundant Background Check Investigations. GAO-07-756. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Valencia, Grace Miller. 2015. A Phenomenological Study of Adults Earning a Graduate Degree after Age 60. Doctoral dissertation, La Jolla, CA: University of California San Diego.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, Ben. 2017. The ‘Coolest Man’ Heads to the Library. New York Times, March 2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Moore 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Maynard and Rejeski 2009; Moore 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Maynard and Rejeski 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Farrow et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Chinese Sociology
AbbreviationJ. Chin. Sociol.
ISSN (online)2198-2635

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