How to format your references using the The Journal of Chinese Sociology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Chinese Sociology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tian, Peng. 2015. Three giants tighten their grip. Nature 528: S176-8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shapiro, Ehud, and Binyamin Gil. 2008. Cell biology. RNA computing in a living cell. Science (New York, N.Y.) 322: 387–388.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, Maoyin, Emily Butka, and Xuemin Wang. 2014. Comprehensive quantification of triacylglycerols in soybean seeds by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry with multiple neutral loss scans. Scientific reports 4: 6581.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Tukiainen, Taru, Alexandra-Chloé Villani, Angela Yen, Manuel A. Rivas, Jamie L. Marshall, Rahul Satija, Matt Aguirre, et al. 2018. Corrigendum: Landscape of X chromosome inactivation across human tissues. Nature 555: 274.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Garg, Vijay K. 2005. Concurrent and Distributed Computing in Java. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Farnell, John. 2016. The Politics of EU-China Economic Relations: An Uneasy Partnership. Edited by Paul Irwin Crookes. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Sampath, Partha, and Martin Wirsing. 2011. Evaluation of Cost Based Best Practices in Business Processes. In Enterprise, Business-Process and Information Systems Modeling: 12th International Conference, BPMDS 2011, and 16th International Conference, EMMSAD 2011, held at CAiSE 2011, London, UK, June 20-21, 2011. Proceedings, ed. Terry Halpin, Selmin Nurcan, John Krogstie, Pnina Soffer, Erik Proper, Rainer Schmidt, and Ilia Bider, 61–74. Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Chinese Sociology.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo. 2016. Shiny Metal Meteorite Spotted By Curiosity On Mars. IFLScience. IFLScience. November 1.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1973. Propriety of the City Edges Grant Awarded to the Suburban Action Institute. B-158811. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Buchigari, Suwarna Radhika. 2010. A tool to automate the process of Unit testing of webapplications (Criterion V1.0). Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Choi, Mary H. K. 2013. Terror in the Streets. New York Times, June 27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Abbott 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Pusey 2005; Dowdeswell 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shapiro and Gil 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Vandersypen et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Chinese Sociology
AbbreviationJ. Chin. Sociol.
ISSN (online)2198-2635

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