How to format your references using the The Journal of Chinese Sociology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Chinese Sociology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ivins, Erik R. 2009. Ocean science. Ice sheet stability and sea level. Science (New York, N.Y.) 324: 888–889.
A journal article with 2 authors
Singla, Veena, and Jeremy F. Reiter. 2006. The primary cilium as the cell’s antenna: signaling at a sensory organelle. Science (New York, N.Y.) 313: 629–633.
A journal article with 3 authors
Back, Julian M., Scott W. McCue, and Timothy J. Moroney. 2014. Including nonequilibrium interface kinetics in a continuum model for melting nanoscaled particles. Scientific reports 4: 7066.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Davare, M. A., V. Avdonin, D. D. Hall, E. M. Peden, A. Burette, R. J. Weinberg, M. C. Horne, T. Hoshi, and J. W. Hell. 2001. A beta2 adrenergic receptor signaling complex assembled with the Ca2+ channel Cav1.2. Science (New York, N.Y.) 293: 98–101.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Filla, Jennifer J., and Helen E. Brown. 2013. Prospect Research for Fundraisers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bandello, Francesco, Marco Attilio Zarbin, Rosangela Lattanzio, and Ilaria Zucchiatti, ed. 2014. Clinical Strategies in the Management of Diabetic Retinopathy: A step-by-step Guide for Ophthalmologists. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Trittel, Monika, Mara Gerich, and Bernhard Schmitz. 2014. Training Prospective Teachers in Educational Diagnostics. In Teachers’ Professional Development: Assessment, Training, and Learning, ed. Sabine Krolak-Schwerdt, Sabine Glock, and Matthias Böhmer, 63–78. Rotterdam: SensePublishers.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Chinese Sociology.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo. 2016. New Study Claims That Life On Mars Is A Serious Possibility. IFLScience. IFLScience. October 19.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2011. Motor Carrier Safety: More Assessment and Transparency Could Enhance Benefits of New Oversight Program. GAO-11-858. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cong, Menglong. 2017. A Comparative Analysis of Acculturative Stress Among Mainland Chinese and Taiwanese International Students at a Hispanic Serving University. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, Linda. 2006. justices reject campaign limits in vermont case. New York Times, June 27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ivins 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Singla and Reiter 2006; Ivins 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Singla and Reiter 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Davare et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Chinese Sociology
AbbreviationJ. Chin. Sociol.
ISSN (online)2198-2635

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