How to format your references using the The Journal of Chinese Sociology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Chinese Sociology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jones, G. 2000. Total internal reflection. Nature 403: 707.
A journal article with 2 authors
Steiner, G., and L. Salvini-Plawen. 2001. Acaenoplax--polychaete or mollusc? Nature 414: 601–2; discussion 602.
A journal article with 3 authors
Luo, Z. X., A. W. Crompton, and A. L. Sun. 2001. A new mammaliaform from the early Jurassic and evolution of mammalian characteristics. Science (New York, N.Y.) 292: 1535–1540.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Shrestha, Vivek Raj, Sang-Shin Lee, Eun-Soo Kim, and Duk-Yong Choi. 2014. Non-iridescent transmissive structural color filter featuring highly efficient transmission and high excitation purity. Scientific reports 4: 4921.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Biegelman, Martin T., and Daniel R. Biegelman. 2010. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act Compliance Guidebook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Volkov, Alexander G., ed. 2012. Plant Electrophysiology: Methods and Cell Electrophysiology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ohbayashi, Takashi, Isamu Okochi, Hiroki Sato, and Tsuyoshi Ono. 2010. Food habit of Platydemus manokwari De Beauchamp, 1962 (Tricladida: Terricola: Rhynchodemidae), known as a predatory flatworm of land snails in the Ogasawara (Bonin) Islands, Japan. In Restoring the Oceanic Island Ecosystem: Impact and Management of Invasive Alien Species in the Bonin Islands, ed. Kazuto Kawakami and Isamu Okochi, 35–40. Tokyo: Springer Japan.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Chinese Sociology.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2015. Spiral Arms Seen Around Stars May Have Been Made By Giant Planets. IFLScience. IFLScience. October 30.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. Executive Guide: Leading Practices in Capital Decision-Making (Supersedes AIMD-98-110). AIMD-99-32. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mullican, Carey D. 2012. Multiple Intelligences in the Text: Examining the Presence of Multiple Intelligences Tasks in the Annotated Teacher’s Editions of Four High School United States History Textbooks. Doctoral dissertation, Tampa, FL: University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, Ben. 2017. Betting on Zero. New York Times, March 16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jones 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Jones 2000; Steiner and Salvini-Plawen 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Steiner and Salvini-Plawen 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Shrestha et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Chinese Sociology
AbbreviationJ. Chin. Sociol.
ISSN (online)2198-2635

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