How to format your references using the The Journal of Chinese Sociology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Chinese Sociology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Halliwell, Barry. 2003. Plasma antioxidants: health benefits of eating chocolate? Nature 426: 787; discussion 788.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vyas, Vijay S., and Bettina V. Lotsch. 2015. Materials chemistry: Organic polymers form fuel from water. Nature 521: 41–42.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hanash, Samir M., Sharon J. Pitteri, and Vitor M. Faca. 2008. Mining the plasma proteome for cancer biomarkers. Nature 452: 571–579.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Zurbuchen, Thomas H., Jim M. Raines, George Gloeckler, Stamatios M. Krimigis, James A. Slavin, Patrick L. Koehn, Rosemary M. Killen, Ann L. Sprague, Ralph L. McNutt Jr, and Sean C. Solomon. 2008. MESSENGER observations of the composition of Mercury’s ionized exosphere and plasma environment. Science (New York, N.Y.) 321: 90–92.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saleh, A. K. Md Ehsanes, M. Arashi, and S. M. M. Tabatabaey. 2014. Statistical Inference for Models with Multivariate t -Distributed Errors. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Huneman, Philippe, ed. 2013. Functions: selection and mechanisms. Vol. 363. Synthese Library, Studies in Epistemology, Logic, Methodology, and Philosophy of Science. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Kennedy, Antony, and Inayaili de León. 2011. Frameworks and Integration. In Pro CSS for High Traffic Websites, ed. Inayaili de León, 101–135. Berkeley, CA: Apress.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Chinese Sociology.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo. 2017. Arecibo Improves On The Measurement Of The Fine Structure Constant. IFLScience. IFLScience. January 6.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2002. Information Technology: Justice Plans to Improve Oversight of Agency Projects. GAO-03-135. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chalmers, Tandy Dayle. 2009. The social context of advertising: Authenticity, social identity, and reflected appraisals. Doctoral dissertation, Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, Ben. 2017. Wine, Cheese and Polyamory. New York Times, March 21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Halliwell 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Halliwell 2003; Vyas and Lotsch 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vyas and Lotsch 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Zurbuchen et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Chinese Sociology
AbbreviationJ. Chin. Sociol.
ISSN (online)2198-2635

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