How to format your references using the Journal of Ocean Engineering and Marine Energy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Ocean Engineering and Marine Energy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Carlson EW (2015) Condensed-matter physics: Charge topology in superconductors. Nature 525:329–330
A journal article with 2 authors
Daubin V, Moran NA (2004) Comment on “The origins of genome complexity.” Science 306:978; author reply 978
A journal article with 3 authors
Oldroyd GED, Harrison MJ, Paszkowski U (2009) Reprogramming plant cells for endosymbiosis. Science 324:753–754
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Bouillon S, Yambélé A, Gillikin DP, et al (2014) Contrasting biogeochemical characteristics of the Oubangui River and tributaries (Congo River basin). Sci Rep 4:5402

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Corns TN (2008) A History of Seventeenth-Century English Literature. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Moore PK, Whiteman M (eds) (2015) Chemistry, Biochemistry and Pharmacology of Hydrogen Sulfide. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Destexhe A, Rudolph-Lilith M (2012) Models of Synaptic Noise. In: Rudolph-Lilith M (ed) Neuronal Noise. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 67–110

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Ocean Engineering and Marine Energy.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Flat Battery? New Prototype Turns Waste Heat Into Electricity. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994) New Denver Airport: Impact of the Delayed Baggage System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Laffitte L (2012) A Comparison of Pull-Out and Co-Teaching Models on the Reading Performance of Third through Fifth Grade Elementary Students with a Diagnosed Specific Learning Disability in Reading. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C (2014) ‘A Coarse Pleasure’ In Stories of Impostors. New York Times A25B

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Carlson 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Daubin and Moran 2004; Carlson 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Daubin and Moran 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Bouillon et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Ocean Engineering and Marine Energy
AbbreviationJ. Ocean Eng. Mar. Energy
ISSN (print)2198-6444
ISSN (online)2198-6452

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