How to format your references using the Journal of Ocean Engineering and Marine Energy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Ocean Engineering and Marine Energy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
DeWeerdt S (2013) Genetics: written in blood. Nature 498:S4-6
A journal article with 2 authors
Meister G, Tuschl T (2004) Mechanisms of gene silencing by double-stranded RNA. Nature 431:343–349
A journal article with 3 authors
Thommes EW, Matsumura S, Rasio FA (2008) Gas disks to gas giants: simulating the birth of planetary systems. Science 321:814–817
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Weimerskirch H, Chastel O, Barbraud C, Tostain O (2003) Flight performance: Frigatebirds ride high on thermals. Nature 421:333–334

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
de Gyurky SM (2006) The Cognitive Dynamics of Computer Science. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Dietrich M, Haase J (eds) (2012) Process Variations and Probabilistic Integrated Circuit Design. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Lee JA, Verleysen M (2007) Distance Preservation. In: Lee JA, Verleysen M (eds) Nonlinear Dimensionality Reduction. Springer, New York, NY, pp 69–131

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Ocean Engineering and Marine Energy.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014) Scientists Detect Direct Evidence of Big Bang’s Gravitational Waves. In: IFLScience.’s-gravitational-waves/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993) Space Operations: Archiving Space Science Data Needs Further Management Improvements. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
DeLaney B (2015) Youth center for improving health and wellness. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg B (2017) Hyperactive Latvian ‘Not Afraid of Anything’ Makes Final. New York Times B11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (DeWeerdt 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Meister and Tuschl 2004; DeWeerdt 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Meister and Tuschl 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Weimerskirch et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Ocean Engineering and Marine Energy
AbbreviationJ. Ocean Eng. Mar. Energy
ISSN (print)2198-6444
ISSN (online)2198-6452

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