How to format your references using the Journal of Ocean Engineering and Marine Energy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Ocean Engineering and Marine Energy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Adam D (2000) Industrial solvents: clean and green...but are they mean? Nature 407:938–940
A journal article with 2 authors
Reinhart BJ, Bartel DP (2002) Small RNAs correspond to centromere heterochromatic repeats. Science 297:1831
A journal article with 3 authors
Elion EA, Qi M, Chen W (2005) Signal transduction. Signaling specificity in yeast. Science 307:687–688
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Cowan ML, Bruner BD, Huse N, et al (2005) Ultrafast memory loss and energy redistribution in the hydrogen bond network of liquid H2O. Nature 434:199–202

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barnes T (2013) Constantine. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford
An edited book
Hameurlain A, Küng J, Wagner R, et al (eds) (2010) Transactions on Large-Scale Data- and Knowledge-Centered Systems II. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Ungureanu ML (2015) A Momentous Triangle: Ontology, Methodology and Phenomenology in the Philosophy of Language. In: Pȃrvu I, Sandu G, Toader ID (eds) Romanian Studies in Philosophy of Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 55–70

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Ocean Engineering and Marine Energy.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) Groundbreaking Test For Parkinson’s Disease Could Lead To Early Detection. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2003) No Child Left Behind Act: More Information Would Help States Determine Which Teachers Are Highly Qualified. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Britigan DH (2009) Health information sources and health literacy levels of Latinos in a midwestern tri -state area. Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
This story was reported by C.J. Chivers, Arvedlund EE, Kishkovsky S, Chivers W by M (2004) Editor’s Death Raises Questions About Change in Russia. New York Times 13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Adam 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Adam 2000; Reinhart and Bartel 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reinhart and Bartel 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Cowan et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Ocean Engineering and Marine Energy
AbbreviationJ. Ocean Eng. Mar. Energy
ISSN (print)2198-6444
ISSN (online)2198-6452

Other styles