How to format your references using the Journal of Ocean Engineering and Marine Energy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Ocean Engineering and Marine Energy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blumenthal D (2005) Ecology. Interrelated causes of plant invasion. Science 310:243–244
A journal article with 2 authors
Ruokolainen K, Tuomisto H (2002) Beta-diversity in tropical forests. Science 297:1439; discussion 1439
A journal article with 3 authors
Amin M, Farhat M, Baǧcı H (2013) A dynamically reconfigurable Fano metamaterial through graphene tuning for switching and sensing applications. Sci Rep 3:2105
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Benesh EC, Humphrey PA, Wang Q, Moley KH (2013) Maternal high-fat diet induces hyperproliferation and alters Pten/Akt signaling in prostates of offspring. Sci Rep 3:3466

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mackevičius V (2014) Integral and Measure. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Agrawal A (ed) (2014) Patient Safety: A Case-Based Comprehensive Guide. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Ahlswede R, Ahlswede A, Althöfer I, et al (2015) On Sliding-Block Codes. In: Ahlswede A, Althöfer I, Deppe C, Tamm U (eds) Transmitting and Gaining Data: Rudolf Ahlswede’s Lectures on Information Theory 2. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 269–297

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Ocean Engineering and Marine Energy.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Watch A Diamond Burn In Pure Oxygen. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994) Advance Sheets: Volume 73, Decisions of the Comptroller General of the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Prather MR (2010) Pink, blues, blacks, and the Union Jack: Mod’s reinterpretation of Britishness, 1962-1964. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Branch J (2016) Standing Firm, N.H.L. Rejects C.T.E.’s Links to Concussions. New York Times B9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Blumenthal 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Ruokolainen and Tuomisto 2002; Blumenthal 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ruokolainen and Tuomisto 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Benesh et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Ocean Engineering and Marine Energy
AbbreviationJ. Ocean Eng. Mar. Energy
ISSN (print)2198-6444
ISSN (online)2198-6452

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