How to format your references using the Journal of Ocean Engineering and Marine Energy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Ocean Engineering and Marine Energy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Holmes EC (2010) Virology. Helping the resistance. Science 328:1243–1244
A journal article with 2 authors
Jensen K, Murray F (2005) Intellectual property. Enhanced: intellectual property landscape of the human genome. Science 310:239–240
A journal article with 3 authors
Hainzl T, Huang S, Sauer-Eriksson AE (2002) Structure of the SRP19 RNA complex and implications for signal recognition particle assembly. Nature 417:767–771
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Cao S, Li C, Wang L, et al (2014) Long-lived and well-resolved Mn2+ ion emissions in CuInS-ZnS quantum dots. Sci Rep 4:7510

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Feyel P (2013) Loop-shaping Robust Control. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA
An edited book
Bini C, Bech J (eds) (2014) PHEs, Environment and Human Health: Potentially harmful elements in the environment and the impact on human health. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Anshakov OM, Gergely T (2010) Constructing a Model of a Cognizing Agent. In: Anshakov OM (ed) Cognitive Reasoning: A Formal Approach. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 41–49

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Ocean Engineering and Marine Energy.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) More Than 80 Percent Of The World’s City-Dwellers Breath Poor Quality Air. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) FAA Financial Management: Further Actions Needed to Achieve Asset Accountability. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sugawara Y (2013) When the Spaniels conquered Central America: Academic English and first year composition instruction. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy MJO, Schuessler J (2013) Jane, Plain No More: A Year of Austen Glamour. New York Times C28

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nadis 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Lis 2007; Narbonne 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jensen and Murray 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Gauthier-Clerc et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Ocean Engineering and Marine Energy
AbbreviationJ. Ocean Eng. Mar. Energy
ISSN (print)2198-6444
ISSN (online)2198-6452

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