How to format your references using the Journal of Ocean Engineering and Marine Energy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Ocean Engineering and Marine Energy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kreeger K (2002) Private foundations push for higher postdoc salaries. Nature 415:5
A journal article with 2 authors
Brawley C, Matunis E (2004) Regeneration of male germline stem cells by spermatogonial dedifferentiation in vivo. Science 304:1331–1334
A journal article with 3 authors
Achlioptas D, D’Souza RM, Spencer J (2009) Explosive percolation in random networks. Science 323:1453–1455
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Chakraborty T, Srinivasan S, Ganguly N, et al (2013) Constant communities in complex networks. Sci Rep 3:1825

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bartlett D, Moody S, Kindersley K (2010) Dyslexia in the Workplace. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Jacko JA (ed) (2009) Human-Computer Interaction. Novel Interaction Methods and Techniques: 13th International Conference, HCI International 2009, San Diego, CA, USA, July 19-24, 2009, Proceedings, Part II. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Zumitzavan V, Michie J (2015) Implications of Research Findings. In: Michie J (ed) Personal Knowledge Management, Leadership Styles, and Organisational Performance: A Case Study of the Healthcare Industry in Thailand. Springer, Singapore, pp 49–52

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Ocean Engineering and Marine Energy.

Blog post
Andrew E (2013) NASA To Put Plant Life On The Moon. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Airport Financing: Smaller Airports Face Future Funding Shortfalls. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lavin EE (2015) Discourse in monolingual and bilingual non-trial hearings. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Loomis G (2012) Opera of the Soul, Sparsely Staged. New York Times 0

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kreeger 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Kreeger 2002; Brawley and Matunis 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brawley and Matunis 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Chakraborty et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Ocean Engineering and Marine Energy
AbbreviationJ. Ocean Eng. Mar. Energy
ISSN (print)2198-6444
ISSN (online)2198-6452

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