How to format your references using the Machine Vision and Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Machine Vision and Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Myhrvold, N.P.: Comment on “Evidence for mesothermy in dinosaurs.” Science. 348, 982 (2015)
A journal article with 2 authors
Anderson, R.G.W., Jacobson, K.: A role for lipid shells in targeting proteins to caveolae, rafts, and other lipid domains. Science. 296, 1821–1825 (2002)
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, J., Hannon, G.J., Beach, D.H.: Risky immortalization by telomerase. Nature. 405, 755–756 (2000)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Miles, L.A., Crespi, G.A.N., Doughty, L., Parker, M.W.: Bapineuzumab captures the N-terminus of the Alzheimer’s disease amyloid-beta peptide in a helical conformation. Sci. Rep. 3, 1302 (2013)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dooner, D.B.: Kinematic Geometry of Gearing. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2012)
An edited book
Fleet, D., Pajdla, T., Schiele, B., Tuytelaars, T. eds: Computer Vision – ECCV 2014: 13th European Conference, Zurich, Switzerland, September 6-12, 2014, Proceedings, Part III. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2014)
A chapter in an edited book
Marcon, C., Mancin, M.: Empirical Evidence on Current Integrated Reporting Practices. In: Mio, C. (ed.) Integrated Reporting: A New Accounting Disclosure. pp. 59–79. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Machine Vision and Applications.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Ten Weird And Terrifying Medical Instruments From The Past


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: U.S. Agencies Could Benefit by Better Management of ADP Activities of Government Contractors. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1973)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dusenberry, W.: Integrating depth psychology in adolescent court-mandated treatment facilities: Increasing treatment efficacy and client engagement, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dudziak, M.L.: Obama’s Nixonian Precedent, (2013)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMachine Vision and Applications
AbbreviationMach. Vis. Appl.
ISSN (print)0932-8092
ISSN (online)1432-1769
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
Hardware and Architecture

Other styles