How to format your references using the International Journal of Mycobacteriology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Mycobacteriology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D.D. Moore, Physiology. Crise de foie, redux?, Science. 331 (2011) 1275–1276.
A journal article with 2 authors
J.T. Fasullo, K.E. Trenberth, A less cloudy future: the role of subtropical subsidence in climate sensitivity, Science. 338 (2012) 792–794.
A journal article with 3 authors
D. Sevenster, T. Beckers, M. Kindt, Prediction error governs pharmacologically induced amnesia for learned fear, Science. 339 (2013) 830–833.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A. Turra, A.B. Manzano, R.J.S. Dias, M.M. Mahiques, L. Barbosa, D. Balthazar-Silva, F.T. Moreira, Three-dimensional distribution of plastic pellets in sandy beaches: shifting paradigms, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 4435.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Halloran, C. Thies, The Social Media Handbook for Financial Advisors, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2012.
An edited book
A. Deutsch, R.B. de la Parra, R.J. de Boer, O. Diekmann, P. Jagers, E. Kisdi, M. Kretzschmar, P. Lansky, H. Metz, eds., Mathematical Modeling of Biological Systems, Volume II: Epidemiology, Evolution and Ecology,Immunology, Neural Systems and the Brain, and Innovative Mathematical Methods, Birkhäuser, Boston, MA, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Y.K. Eddie Ng, N. Liu, Parametric Study of Greitzer’s Instability Flow Model Through Compressor System Using Taguchi Method, in: N. Liu (Ed.), Compressor Instability with Integral Methods, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007: pp. 107–129.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Mycobacteriology.

Blog post
D. Andrew, Why Losing A Dog Can Be Harder Than Losing A Relative Or Friend, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Screening Partnership Program: TSA Has Improved Application Guidance and Monitoring of Screener Performance, and Continues to Improve Cost Comparison Methods, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S.H. Jang, Interpretation of extended techniques in unaccompanied flute works by East-Asian composers: Isang Yun, Toru Takemitsu, and Kazuo Fukushima, Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Shpigel, N.H.L. Says Its Players Will Skip 2018 Olympics, New York Times. (2017) B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Mycobacteriology
AbbreviationInt. J. Mycobacteriol.
ISSN (print)2212-5531
ScopeInfectious Diseases
Microbiology (medical)

Other styles