How to format your references using the Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Gewin V. In search of the élite. Nature. 2003;426:713–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Dixon AR, Sato H. High speed and adaptable error correction for megabit/s rate quantum key distribution. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7275.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Siegel DA, Doney SC, Yoder JA. The North Atlantic spring phytoplankton bloom and Sverdrup’s critical depth hypothesis. Science. 2002;296:730–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Nowack KC, Koppens FHL, Nazarov YV, Vandersypen LMK. Coherent control of a single electron spin with electric fields. Science. 2007;318:1430–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. “MAX” Maxfield C, Brown A. The Definitive Guide to How Computers Do Math. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1. Dinerstein AC, editor. Social Sciences for an Other Politics: Women Theorizing Without Parachutes. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Finiukova VO, Stolyar AM. Asymptotic Integration of One Narrow Plate Problem. In: Altenbach H, Eremeyev VA, editors. Shell-like Structures: Non-classical Theories and Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 53–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation.

Blog post
1. Hale T. Super Rare Wildcat Spotted In The Wild [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Health Information Technology: CMS Took Steps to Improve Its Beneficiary Eligibility Verification System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012 Sep. Report No.: GAO-12-973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Schaper P. Meaning making: Learning in whistle blowing [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Grynbaum MM. Inaugural All Its Own Brings Astonishment and Awe to Television. New York Times. 2017 Jan 20;A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Occupational Rehabilitation
AbbreviationJ. Occup. Rehabil.
ISSN (print)1053-0487
ISSN (online)1573-3688
Occupational Therapy

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