How to format your references using the Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Fortey R. Evolution. The Cambrian explosion exploded? Science. 2001;293:438–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Bellows DS, Tyers M. Cell biology. Chemical genetics hits. Science. 2004;306:67–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Yang D-S, Lao C, Zewail AH. 4D electron diffraction reveals correlated unidirectional behavior in zinc oxide nanowires. Science. 2008;321:1660–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Blumberg G, Littlewood P, Gozar A, Dennis BS, Motoyama N, Eisaki H, et al. Sliding density wave in Sr14Cu24O41 ladder compounds. Science. 2002;297:584–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Jamison DC. Perl Programming for Biologists. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1. Benatti F, Fannes M, Floreanini R, Petritis D, editors. Quantum Information, Computation and Cryptography: An Introductory Survey of Theory, Technology and Experiments. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Bunyaan SA, Tan SI, Loo YM. Emotional Intelligence and Academic Achievement: A Study Among Students of a Private University in Malaysia. In: Tang SF, Logonnathan L, editors. Taylor’s 7th Teaching and Learning Conference 2014 Proceedings: Holistic Education: Enacting Change. Singapore: Springer; 2015. p. 55–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Graphene-Based Supercapacitors Could Lead To Battery-Free Electric Cars Within 5 Years. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Information Technology Management: Coast Guard Practices Can Be Improved. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000 Dec. Report No.: GAO-01-190.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Brown JD. Disparity in healthcare among Black Americans in the United States, a review of the literature [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Bartlett B. It’s Not Too Late to Fix Fox News. New York Times. 2016 Sep 19;A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Occupational Rehabilitation
AbbreviationJ. Occup. Rehabil.
ISSN (print)1053-0487
ISSN (online)1573-3688
Occupational Therapy

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