How to format your references using the Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Lloyd C. Plant science. Microtubules make tracks for cellulose. Science. 2006;312:1482–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Evans EA, Calderwood DA. Forces and bond dynamics in cell adhesion. Science. 2007;316:1148–53.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Melchor RN, Buchwaldt R, Bowring S. A Late Eocene date for Late Triassic bird tracks. Nature. 2013;495:E1-2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Fedotov VA, Rogacheva AV, Savinov V, Tsai DP, Zheludev NI. Resonant transparency and non-trivial non-radiating excitations in toroidal metamaterials. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2967.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Islam MR, Speight JG. Peak Energy: Myth or Reality? Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1. Yarden Y, Tarcic G, editors. Vesicle Trafficking in Cancer. New York, NY: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Angelini P, Frati F, Grilli L. An Algorithm to Construct Greedy Drawings of Triangulations. In: Tollis IG, Patrignani M, editors. Graph Drawing: 16th International Symposium, GD 2008, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, September 21-24, 2008 Revised Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 26–37.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Curiosity Catches A Whiff Of Methane On Mars – And A Possibility Of Past Life [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Key Federal Agencies Need to Address Potentially Duplicative Investments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013 Sep. Report No.: GAO-13-718.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Marshall LD. The jeweled net, sacred landscape, and the vision of the heart [Doctoral dissertation]. [Carpinteria, CA]: Pacifica Graduate Institute; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Walsh MW. New York Taxpayers Facing $200 Billion in Retiree Costs. New York Times. 2010 Oct 13;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Occupational Rehabilitation
AbbreviationJ. Occup. Rehabil.
ISSN (print)1053-0487
ISSN (online)1573-3688
Occupational Therapy

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