How to format your references using the Biomedical Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biomedical Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gingerich O 2004 A radical reorientation Nature 430 407
A journal article with 2 authors
Barker S and Elderfield H 2002 Foraminiferal calcification response to glacial-interglacial changes in atmospheric CO2 Science 297 833–6
A journal article with 3 authors
Sánchez-Villagra M R, Aguilera O and Horovitz I 2003 The anatomy of the world’s largest extinct rodent Science 301 1708–10
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Zhang C, Liu L, Cui X, Zheng L, Deng Y and Shi F 2013 Chlorine as an indicator in the controllable preparation of active nano-gold catalyst Sci. Rep. 3 1503

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schneider B D 2007 Energy Leadership (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Pinter N, Gyula G, Weber J, Stein S and Medak D 2006 The Adria Microplate: GPS Geodesy, Tectonics and Hazards vol 61 (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands)
A chapter in an edited book
Carciofi R 2012 Cooperation for the Provision of Regional Public Goods: The Iirsa Case1 The Rise of Post-Hegemonic Regionalism: The Case of Latin America ed P Riggirozzi and D Tussie (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands) pp 65–79

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biomedical Materials.

Blog post
Andrew E 2015 Here’s What 1930s Fashion Designers Thought We’d Be Wearing In The Year 2000 IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2000 FAA Computer Security: Recommendations to Address Continuing Weaknesses (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rardin E A 2017 Corporate Psychopaths and Their Proclivity for Infiltrating Organizations Doctoral dissertation (Edwardsville, IL: Southern Illinois University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Clarke J 2017 The Ashes That Got Away New York Times SP8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiomedical Materials
AbbreviationBiomed. Mater.
ISSN (print)1748-6041
ISSN (online)1748-605X
Biomedical Engineering

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