How to format your references using the Biomedical Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biomedical Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lander E S 2011 Initial impact of the sequencing of the human genome Nature 470 187–97
A journal article with 2 authors
Kelleher R J 3rd and Shen J 2010 Genetics. Gamma-secretase and human disease Science 330 1055–6
A journal article with 3 authors
Green B M, Finn K J and Li J J 2010 Loss of DNA replication control is a potent inducer of gene amplification Science 329 943–6
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Du J, Cheng F, Wang S, Zhang T and Chen J 2014 M(salen)-derived nitrogen-doped M/C (M = Fe, Co, Ni) porous nanocomposites for electrocatalytic oxygen reduction Sci. Rep. 4 4386

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Teague K A and Gallicchio N 2017 The Evolution of Meteorology (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd)
An edited book
Qing S, Okamoto E, Kim K and Liu D 2016 Information and Communications Security: 17th International Conference, ICICS 2015, Beijing, China, December 9-11, 2015, Revised Selected Papers vol 9543 (Cham: Springer International Publishing)
A chapter in an edited book
Spath D, van Husen C, Meyer K and Elze R 2007 Integrated Development of Software and Service — The Challenges of IT-Enabled Service Products Advances in Services Innovations ed D Spath and K-P Fähnrich (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer) pp 85–110

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biomedical Materials.

Blog post
Andrew E 2015 California’s Water Paradox: Why Enough Will Never Be Enough IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2015 Maritime Transportation: Implications of Using U.S. Liquefied-Natural-Gas Carriers for Exports (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Aggarwal E 2012 South Asian women’s attitudes toward help-seeking behaviors Doctoral dissertation (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B 2016 Green Day Is No. 1 New York Times C2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiomedical Materials
AbbreviationBiomed. Mater.
ISSN (print)1748-6041
ISSN (online)1748-605X
Biomedical Engineering

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