How to format your references using the Biomedical Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biomedical Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pierrehumbert R T 2004 High levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide necessary for the termination of global glaciation Nature 429 646–9
A journal article with 2 authors
White A E and Harper J W 2012 Cancer. Emerging anatomy of the BAP1 tumor suppressor system Science 337 1463–4
A journal article with 3 authors
Tilmann F, Ni J and INDEPTH III Seismic Team 2003 Seismic imaging of the downwelling Indian lithosphere beneath central Tibet Science 300 1424–7
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Hasty P, Campisi J, Hoeijmakers J, van Steeg H and Vijg J 2003 Aging and genome maintenance: lessons from the mouse? Science 299 1355–9

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lyshevski S E 2005 Engineering and Scientific Computations Using MATLAB® (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
da Poian A T 2015 Integrative Human Biochemistry: A Textbook for Medical Biochemistry ed M A R B Castanho (New York, NY: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Zhao D, Ma J, Wang X and Tian X 2016 Personalized Location Anonymity - A Kernel Density Estimation Approach Web-Age Information Management: 17th International Conference, WAIM 2016, Nanchang, China, June 3-5, 2016, Proceedings, Part II Lecture Notes in Computer Science ed B Cui, N Zhang, J Xu, X Lian and D Liu (Cham: Springer International Publishing) pp 52–64

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biomedical Materials.

Blog post
Andrew E 2014 Ultrasound Used To Create 3D Shapes In Mid Air That Can Be Seen And Felt IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1974 Administration of the Medicaid Drug Program (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moua P 2009 Differential functions of the kinesin-1 tail in Drosophila melanogaster transport processes Doctoral dissertation (Bloomington, IN: Indiana University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B 2017 Company Town New York Times C6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiomedical Materials
AbbreviationBiomed. Mater.
ISSN (print)1748-6041
ISSN (online)1748-605X
Biomedical Engineering

Other styles