How to format your references using the Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Patterson, P. H. (2007). Neuroscience. Maternal effects on schizophrenia risk. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5850), 576–577.
A journal article with 2 authors
Furukawa, A., & Tanaka, H. (2006). Violation of the incompressibility of liquid by simple shear flow. Nature, 443(7110), 434–438.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lustig, R. H., Schmidt, L. A., & Brindis, C. D. (2012). Public health: The toxic truth about sugar. Nature, 482(7383), 27–29.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Moss, R. H., Edmonds, J. A., Hibbard, K. A., Manning, M. R., Rose, S. K., van Vuuren, D. P., Carter, T. R., Emori, S., Kainuma, M., Kram, T., Meehl, G. A., Mitchell, J. F. B., Nakicenovic, N., Riahi, K., Smith, S. J., Stouffer, R. J., Thomson, A. M., Weyant, J. P., & Wilbanks, T. J. (2010). The next generation of scenarios for climate change research and assessment. Nature, 463(7282), 747–756.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sugirtharajah, R. S. (2011). Exploring Postcolonial Biblical Criticism. Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Bekkevold, J. I., & Till, G. (Eds.). (2016). International Order at Sea: How it is challenged. How it is maintained. Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Da Poian, A. T., & Castanho, M. A. R. B. (2015). The Regulation of Metabolisms. In M. A. R. B. Castanho (Ed.), Integrative Human Biochemistry: A Textbook for Medical Biochemistry (pp. 157–184). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 11). Australia’s Post-2020 Climate Target Not Enough To Stop 2C Warming: Experts. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). Freight Railroads: Updated Information on Rates and Other Industry Trends (GAO-08-218T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kuru, I. C. (2013). Time-Dependent Vehicle Routing and Assignment in No-Notice Evacuations [Doctoral dissertation]. Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2013, January 21). The Star Who Stood Out By Not Standing Out. New York Times, D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Patterson, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Furukawa & Tanaka, 2006; Patterson, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Furukawa & Tanaka, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Lustig et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Moss et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology
AbbreviationJ. Occup. Organ. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0963-1798
ISSN (online)2044-8325
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Applied Psychology

Other styles