How to format your references using the Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Alan Stern, S. (2003). The evolution of comets in the Oort cloud and Kuiper belt. Nature, 424(6949), 639–642.
A journal article with 2 authors
Boettiger, C., & Hastings, A. (2013). Tipping points: From patterns to predictions. Nature, 493(7431), 157–158.
A journal article with 3 authors
Simon, P., Gogotsi, Y., & Dunn, B. (2014). Materials science. Where do batteries end and supercapacitors begin? Science (New York, N.Y.), 343(6176), 1210–1211.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lee, S.-H., Broholm, C., Ratcliff, W., Gasparovic, G., Huang, Q., Kim, T. H., & Cheong, S.-W. (2002). Emergent excitations in a geometrically frustrated magnet. Nature, 418(6900), 856–858.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bock, R. (2005). Handbuch der analytisch-chemischen Aufschlussmethoden. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Gan, Z. (2011). Visual Sensing and its Applications: Integration of Laser Sensors to Industrial Robots. (Q. Tang, Ed.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Olivetti, L., Mazza, G. C., & Mombelloni, S. (2009). Female Reproductive System: Normal Gross and Microscopic Anatomy. In L. Grazioli & L. Olivetti (Eds.), Imaging of Urogenital Diseases: A Color Atlas (pp. 65–72). Milano: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, February 12). Chief of Copenhagen Zoo Speaks Out About Giraffe Controversy. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2011). Department of Energy: Advanced Technology Vehicle Loan Program Needs Enhanced Oversight and Performance Measures (No. GAO-11-745T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shurts, C. (2010). Superstructure (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wines, M., & Bosman, J. (2017, May 14). A ‘Passionate’ Seeker of Voter Fraud in Kansas Gets a National Soapbox. New York Times, p. A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Alan Stern, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Alan Stern, 2003; Boettiger & Hastings, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Boettiger & Hastings, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Simon, Gogotsi, & Dunn, 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Lee et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology
AbbreviationJ. Occup. Organ. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0963-1798
ISSN (online)2044-8325
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Applied Psychology

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