How to format your references using the Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ledford, H. (2007). Cheap at any price? Nature, 447(7141), 131.
A journal article with 2 authors
Freeman, R. B., & Huang, W. (2014). Collaboration: Strength in diversity. Nature, 513(7518), 305.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chang, J. C., Lockner, D. A., & Reches, Z. (2012). Rapid acceleration leads to rapid weakening in earthquake-like laboratory experiments. Science (New York, N.Y.), 338(6103), 101–105.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chou, C.-W., Laurat, J., Deng, H., Choi, K. S., de Riedmatten, H., Felinto, D., & Kimble, H. J. (2007). Functional quantum nodes for entanglement distribution over scalable quantum networks. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5829), 1316–1320.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hu, W. (2015). Fundamental Spacecraft Dynamics and Control. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Chin, S. (2011). Pro Android Flash (D. Iverson, O. Campesato, & P. Trani, Eds.). Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Millot, D., & Parrot, C. (2014). Setting up Clusters of Computing Units to Process Several Data Streams Efficiently. In R. Wyrzykowski, J. Dongarra, K. Karczewski, & J. Waśniewski (Eds.), Parallel Processing and Applied Mathematics: 10th International Conference, PPAM 2013, Warsaw, Poland, September 8-11, 2013, Revised Selected Papers, Part II (pp. 49–61). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2017, February 14). There Are Six Styles Of Love. Which One Best Describes You? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). Air Traffic Control: Characteristics and Performance of Selected International Air Navigation Service Providers and Lessons Learned from Their Commercialization (GAO-05-769). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wager, L. (2009). Racial differences in the relationship between child externalizing and corporal punishment: The role of other discipline strategies [Doctoral dissertation]. Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum, M. M. (2017, July 21). Washington Reality Show Stripped of Its Protagonist. New York Times, A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ledford, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Freeman & Huang, 2014; Ledford, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Freeman & Huang, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Chang et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Chou et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology
AbbreviationJ. Occup. Organ. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0963-1798
ISSN (online)2044-8325
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Applied Psychology

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