How to format your references using the Journal of Remanufacturing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Remanufacturing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Macilwain C. Can Europe build a framework for success? Nature. 2011;473:421.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Schneider DS, Chambers MC. Microbiology. Rogue insect immunity. Science. 2008;322:1199–200.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Zhu L, Ploessl K, Kung HF. Chemistry. Expanding the scope of fluorine tags for PET imaging. Science. 2013;342:429–30.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Duy C, Hurtz C, Shojaee S, Cerchietti L, Geng H, Swaminathan S, et al. BCL6 enables Ph+ acute lymphoblastic leukaemia cells to survive BCR-ABL1 kinase inhibition. Nature. 2011;473:384–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Kraehmer H, Baur P. Weed Anatomy. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2013.
An edited book
1. Pavese F. Modern Gas-Based Temperature and Pressure Measurements. 2nd ed. 2013. Molinar Min Beciet G, editor. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Gemzöe L. Working the Way to Santiago de Compostela: Masculinities and Spiritualities of Capitalism. In: Gemzöe L, Keinänen M-L, Maddrell A, editors. Contemporary Encounters in Gender and Religion: European Perspectives. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 77–101.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Remanufacturing.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Long Lost Beagle Probe Finally Found On Mars [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. NASA Aeronautics: Protecting Sensitive Technology. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 Aug. Report No.: NSIAD-93-201.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Paustian ME. Evaluating competition between the non-native slug Arion subfuscus and the native slug Philomycus carolinianus [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Wagner J. Taking His Off-Season Cuts, Conforto Leaves Demotions Behind. New York Times. 2017 Mar 7;B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Remanufacturing
ISSN (online)2210-4690

Other styles