How to format your references using the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Svejstrup JQ. Transcription. Histones face the FACT. Science. 2003;301(5636):1053-1055.
A journal article with 2 authors
Karner DB, Muller RA. PALEOCLIMATE: A Causality Problem for Milankovitch. Science. 2000;288(5474):2143-2144.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mace KA, Pearson JC, McGinnis W. An epidermal barrier wound repair pathway in Drosophila is mediated by grainy head. Science. 2005;308(5720):381-385.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Stirling CH, Esat TM, Lambeck K, et al. Orbital forcing of the marine isotope stage 9 interglacial. Science. 2001;291(5502):290-293.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Berthold HJ, Binnewies M. Chemisches Grundpraktikum. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
Xu J. Innovative Approaches Towards Low Carbon Economics: Regional Development Cybernetics. (Yao L, Lu Y, eds.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Berg K, Conejero JM, Hernández J. Analysis of Crosscutting in Early Software Development Phases Based on Traceability. In: Rashid A, Aksit M, eds. Transactions on Aspect-Oriented Software Development III. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007:73-104.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior.

Blog post
Andrews R. Newly Discovered Tarantula May Have A Terrifying Attack Method. IFLScience. Published July 1, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Second-Year Implementation of the Federal Managers’ Financial Integrity Act in the Department of Education. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1985.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Williams EC. Smart Packaging: A Novel Technique For Localized Drug Delivery For Ovarian Cancer. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L. Another Summer, Same Dark Stage. New York Times. August 19, 2007:LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
AbbreviationJ. Nutr. Educ. Behav.
ISSN (print)1499-4046
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Nutrition and Dietetics

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