How to format your references using the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Duncan R. Earth science: Deadly combination. Nature. 2015;527(7577):172-173.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kaminski T, Heimann M. Inverse modeling of atmospheric carbon dioxide fluxes. Science. 2001;294(5541):259.
A journal article with 3 authors
Balazs AC, Emrick T, Russell TP. Nanoparticle polymer composites: where two small worlds meet. Science. 2006;314(5802):1107-1110.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Dubois M, Demé B, Gulik-Krzywicki T, et al. Self-assembly of regular hollow icosahedra in salt-free catanionic solutions. Nature. 2001;411(6838):672-675.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bain BJ, Wild BJ, Stephens AD, Phelan LA. Variant Haemoglobins. Wiley-Blackwell; 2010.
An edited book
Stoltenberg SF, ed. Genes and the Motivation to Use Substances. Vol 61. Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
De Lecea AM, Cooper R. The Importance of the Thukela River Estuary, East Coast of South Africa, for the Biology of the Near-Shore Environment and Associated Human Aspects: A Review. In: Diop S, Scheren P, Ferdinand Machiwa J, eds. Estuaries: A Lifeline of Ecosystem Services in the Western Indian Ocean. Estuaries of the World. Springer International Publishing; 2016:53-65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior.

Blog post
Carpineti A. This Ridiculously Accurate Clock Could Fit Inside Your Smartphone. IFLScience. Published May 12, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Tax Systems Modernization: Update on Critical Issues Facing IRS. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Whited JE. An Investigation of Struggling Learners’ Motivation to Read. Published online 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. Houston And Dallas Get Relief On Pensions. New York Times. June 2, 2017:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
AbbreviationJ. Nutr. Educ. Behav.
ISSN (print)1499-4046
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Nutrition and Dietetics

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