How to format your references using the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Murcott T. Science journalism: Toppling the priesthood. Nature. 2009;459(7250):1054-1055.
A journal article with 2 authors
Knox AL, Brown NH. Rap1 GTPase regulation of adherens junction positioning and cell adhesion. Science. 2002;295(5558):1285-1288.
A journal article with 3 authors
Aoi S, Kunugi T, Fujiwara H. Trampoline effect in extreme ground motion. Science. 2008;322(5902):727-730.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yeh A, Soh YA, Brooke J, Aeppli G, Rosenbaum TF, Hayden SM. Quantum phase transition in a common metal. Nature. 2002;419(6906):459-462.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rodman GB. Why Cultural Studies? John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Błaszczak Z, Markov B, Marinova K, eds. LASER 2006: Proceedings of the 7th International Workshop on Application of Lasers in Atomic Nuclei Research “Nuclear Ground and Isometric State Properties” (LASER 2006) Held in Poznán, Poland, 29 May–1 June 2006. Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Paul WJ, Baumann C, Lutsyk P, Schmaltz S. Hardware. In: Baumann C, Lutsyk P, Schmaltz S, eds. System Architecture: An Ordinary Engineering Discipline. Springer International Publishing; 2016:51-69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior.

Blog post
Davis J. Vitamin D Supplements May Help Reduce The Risk Of Severe Asthma Attacks. IFLScience. Published September 6, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Issues Raised Concerning the Report, “The National School Lunch Program: Is It Working?” U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Prophete KS. How Race, Gender, and Pell Status Affect the Persistence and Degree Attainment Rates of Dual Enrollment Students. Doctoral dissertation. Florida Atlantic University; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Reinhart MK. High-Profile Union Ends Abruptly. New York Times. June 14, 2015:ST14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
AbbreviationJ. Nutr. Educ. Behav.
ISSN (print)1499-4046
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Nutrition and Dietetics

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