How to format your references using the Human Gene Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Gene Therapy (HGT). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heeney JL. Ebola: Hidden reservoirs. Nature 2015;527:453–455.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gault F, Huttner S. A cat’s cradle for policy. Nature 2008;455:462–463.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grigoryan G, Reinke AW, Keating AE. Design of protein-interaction specificity gives selective bZIP-binding peptides. Nature 2009;458:859–864.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mann ME, Zhang Z, Rutherford S, et al. Global signatures and dynamical origins of the Little Ice Age and Medieval Climate Anomaly. Science 2009;326:1256–1260.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Evans PW. Top Hat. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell. 2010.
An edited book
Greenberg I. Processing: Creative Coding and Generative Art in Processing 2. Berkeley, CA: Apress. 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Streffer C, Gethmann CF, Kamp G, et al. Waste management strategies and disposal design. In: Gethmann CF, Kamp G, Kröger W, et al. (eds) Radioactive Waste: Technical and Normative Aspects of its Disposal. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. 2012; pp. 111–199.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Gene Therapy.

Blog post
Andrew D. How Parasites And Bacteria Could Be Changing The Way You Think And Feel. IFLScience Available from: 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Investing in the Very Young. 137163. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. January 1, 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ramos CM. Is this working? A study on measuring the effectiveness of efforts to diversify the theatre management field. Doctoral Dissertation. California State University, Long Beach. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Harris G, Shpigel B. Jets Owner Is Appointed Ambassador to Britain. New York Times, January 20, 2017, p. A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Gene Therapy
AbbreviationHum. Gene Ther.
ISSN (print)1043-0342
ISSN (online)1557-7422
Molecular Biology
Molecular Medicine

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