How to format your references using the Human Gene Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Gene Therapy (HGT). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Leung J. Plant science. Controlling hormone action by subversion and deception. Science 2012;335:46–47.
A journal article with 2 authors
Boomsma JJ, Pamilo P. Retrospective. Rossiter H. Crozier (1943-2009). Science 2010;327:45.
A journal article with 3 authors
Seto KC, Kaufmann RK, Woodcock CE. Landsat reveals China’s farmland reserves, but they’re vanishing fast. Nature 2000;406:121.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Furrer G, Phillips BL, Ulrich K-U, et al. The origin of aluminum flocs in polluted streams. Science 2002;297:2245–2247.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Taber DF. Organic Synthesis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2006.
An edited book
Petry FE, Robinson VB, Cobb MA (eds). Fuzzy Modeling with Spatial Information for Geographic Problems. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Vrousgou OT, Psomopoulos FE, Mitkas PA. A Grid-Enabled Modular Framework for Efficient Sequence Analysis Workflows. In: Iliadis L, Jayne C (eds) Engineering Applications of Neural Networks: 16th International Conference, EANN 2015, Rhodes, Greece, September 25-28 2015.Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing. 2015; pp. 47–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Gene Therapy.

Blog post
Davis J. Brazil’s Largest Ever Dinosaur Rediscovered After 60 Years In A Cupboard. IFLScience Available from: 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: Progress Made but Actions Needed to Address Challenges in Meeting the Air Cargo Screening Mandate. GAO-10-880T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. June 30, 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Peng E. Teaching and Coaching Brazilian Jiujitsu: An Instructional Manual. Doctoral Dissertation. California State University, Long Beach. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams J. A Comedian’s Embroidered Life. New York Times, December 21, 2016, p. C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Gene Therapy
AbbreviationHum. Gene Ther.
ISSN (print)1043-0342
ISSN (online)1557-7422
Molecular Biology
Molecular Medicine

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