How to format your references using the Human Gene Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Gene Therapy (HGT). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lerner LS. Good and bad science in US schools. Nature 2000;407:287–290.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nussenzweig MC, Mellman I. Ralph Steinman (1943-2011). Nature 2011;478:460.
A journal article with 3 authors
Araki T, Sasaki Y, Milbrandt J. Increased nuclear NAD biosynthesis and SIRT1 activation prevent axonal degeneration. Science 2004;305:1010–1013.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lo S-T, Lin S-W, Wang Y-T, et al. Spin-orbit-coupled superconductivity. Sci Rep 2014;4:5438.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Russell C. Trustee Investment Strategy for Endowments and Foundations. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd. 2006.
An edited book
Muralikrishnan B. Computational Surface and Roundness Metrology. London: Springer. 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Ferrari LT, Schaefer CEGR, Fernandes RBA, et al. Thermic and Hydric Dynamics of Ironstone (Canga) and Quartzite Rupestrian Grasslands in the Quadrilátero Ferrífero: The Ecological Importance of Water. In: Fernandes GW (ed) Ecology and Conservation of Mountaintop grasslands in Brazil. Cham: Springer International Publishing. 2016; pp. 71–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Gene Therapy.

Blog post
Andrew D. Why The Earth’s Magnetic Poles Could Be About To Swap Places – And How It Would affect Us. IFLScience Available from: 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Student Loans: Improvements in the Direct Loan Consolidation Process. HEHS-99-19R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. November 10, 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Seegmiller Renner A. Empathy Development Through Role Modeling: A Qualitative Study of Instructor Experiences. Doctoral Dissertation. Capella University. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kaufman MT. Lillian Ross Dies at 99; A New Yorker Reporter Whose Memoir Rankled. New York Times, September 20, 2017, p. A25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Gene Therapy
AbbreviationHum. Gene Ther.
ISSN (print)1043-0342
ISSN (online)1557-7422
Molecular Biology
Molecular Medicine

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