How to format your references using the Human Gene Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Gene Therapy (HGT). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Szostak JW. Functional information: Molecular messages. Nature 2003;423:689.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nash JD, Moum JN. River plumes as a source of large-amplitude internal waves in the coastal ocean. Nature 2005;437:400–403.
A journal article with 3 authors
Beldade P, Brakefield PM, Long AD. Contribution of Distal-less to quantitative variation in butterfly eyespots. Nature 2002;415:315–318.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sato K, Aoki K, Watanabe YY, et al. Neutral buoyancy is optimal to minimize the cost of transport in horizontally swimming seals. Sci Rep 2013;3:2205.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Richards SA, Hollerton JC. Essential Practical NMR for Organic Chemistry. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. 2010.
An edited book
Qiang W, Zheng X, Hsu C-H (eds). Cloud Computing and Big Data: Second International Conference, CloudCom-Asia 2015, Huangshan, China, June 17-19, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing. 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Ahonen P, Alahuhta P, Daskala B, et al. Safeguards. In: Alahuhta P, Daskala B, Delaitre S, et al. (eds) Safeguards in a World of Ambient Intelligence. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands. 2010; pp. 179–251.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Gene Therapy.

Blog post
Hale T. Museum’s Blue Whale Skeleton Found To Be A “Time Capsule” From 1930s. IFLScience Available from: 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Traffic Safety: Alcohol Ignition Interlocks Are Effective While Installed; Less Is Known about How to Increase Installation Rates. GAO-14-559. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. June 20, 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vestergaard EV. The shadow in Latvian mythological legends: A Jungian perspective. Doctoral Dissertation. Pacifica Graduate Institute. 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines GG. Obama Pays Tribute to the ‘Peanuts’ Gang. New York Times, March 7, 2016, p. B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Gene Therapy
AbbreviationHum. Gene Ther.
ISSN (print)1043-0342
ISSN (online)1557-7422
Molecular Biology
Molecular Medicine

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