How to format your references using the Human Gene Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Gene Therapy (HGT). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Myhre G. Consistency between satellite-derived and modeled estimates of the direct aerosol effect. Science 2009;325:187–190.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dunn RA, Martinez F. Contrasting crustal production and rapid mantle transitions beneath back-arc ridges. Nature 2011;469:198–202.
A journal article with 3 authors
Raymond SN, Mandell AM, Sigurdsson S. Exotic Earths: forming habitable worlds with giant planet migration. Science 2006;313:1413–1416.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Murray CD, Beurle K, Cooper NJ, et al. The determination of the structure of Saturn’s F ring by nearby moonlets. Nature 2008;453:739–744.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gabler J. Sociology for Dummies®. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Publishing, Inc. 2010.
An edited book
Baresi L, Heckel R (eds). Fundamental Approaches to Software Engineering: 9th International Conference, FASE 2006, Held as Part of the Joint European Conferences on Theory and Practice of Software, ETAPS 2006, Vienna, Austria, March 27-28, 2006. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Carayannis EG, Pirzadeh A, Popescu D. Case Study: International Financial Architecture and Standards. In: Pirzadeh A, Popescu D (eds) Institutional Learning and Knowledge Transfer Across Epistemic Communities: New Tools of Global Governance. New York, NY: Springer. 2012; pp. 151–170.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Gene Therapy.

Blog post
Andrews R. Check Out These Utterly Beautiful Light Pillars. IFLScience Available from: 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: Information on Participation in the E-rate Program (GAO-09-254SP, March 2009), an e-supplement to GAO-09-253. GAO-09-254SP. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. April 27, 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hester ET. Impact of geomorphic structures on hyporheic exchange, temperature, and ecological processes in streams. Doctoral Dissertation. University of North Carolina. 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Risen J, Risen T. Donald Trump Does His Best Joe McCarthy. New York Times, June 22, 2017, p. SR2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,1.
This sentence cites four references 1,1,1,1.

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Gene Therapy
AbbreviationHum. Gene Ther.
ISSN (print)1043-0342
ISSN (online)1557-7422
Molecular Biology
Molecular Medicine

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