How to format your references using the Human Gene Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Gene Therapy (HGT). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Endersby J. Lumpers and splitters: Darwin, Hooker, and the search for order. Science 2009;326:1496–1499.
A journal article with 2 authors
Smith JS, Boeke JD. Transcription. Is S phase important for transcriptional silencing? Science 2001;291:608–609.
A journal article with 3 authors
Krüger M, Schenk M, Hommelhoff P. Attosecond control of electrons emitted from a nanoscale metal tip. Nature 2011;475:78–81.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rosa PFS, Adriano C, Garitezi TM, et al. Site specific spin dynamics in BaFe2As2: tuning the ground state by orbital differentiation. Sci Rep 2014;4:6543.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Adámek J. Foundations of Coding. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 1991.
An edited book
Deville M, Lê T-H, Sagaut P (eds). Turbulence and Interactions: Keynote Lectures of the TI 2006 Conference. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Ştefanov G. On Rule Embedding Artifacts. In: Pȃrvu I, Sandu G, Toader ID (eds) Romanian Studies in Philosophy of Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing. 2015; pp. 71–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Gene Therapy.

Blog post
Andrews R. CRISPR Scientists Are Bringing Woolly Mammoths Back From The Dead. IFLScience Available from: 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. D.C. Public School Enrollment. AIMD-95-229R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. August 28, 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Conlin LD. Building shared understandings in introductory physics tutorials through risk, repair, conflict & comedy. Doctoral Dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. Puerto Rico Officials to Testify on Debt Crisis Before Senate Panel. New York Times, September 29, 2015, p. B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Gene Therapy
AbbreviationHum. Gene Ther.
ISSN (print)1043-0342
ISSN (online)1557-7422
Molecular Biology
Molecular Medicine

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