How to format your references using the Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology (JMIG). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chien Kenneth R. Regenerative medicine and human models of human disease. Nature. 2008;453(7193):302–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hanahan Douglas, Weinberg Robert A. Retrospective: Judah Folkman (1933-2008). Science. 2008;319(5866):1055.
A journal article with 3 authors
Castro-Camus E., Palomar M., Covarrubias A. A. Leaf water dynamics of Arabidopsis thaliana monitored in-vivo using terahertz time-domain spectroscopy. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2910.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chao Yuanqing, Ma Liping, Yang Ying, et al. Metagenomic analysis reveals significant changes of microbial compositions and protective functions during drinking water treatment. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3550.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kirsh Steven J. Media and Youth. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell. 2009.
An edited book
Thorup Mikkel, editor. Intellectual History of Economic Normativities. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US. 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Sheldon Neroli, Wallace Michelle. Enhancing Career Pathways. In: Short Tom, Harris Roger, editors. Workforce Development: Strategies and Practices. Singapore: Springer. 2014. p. 45–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology.

Blog post
Andrew Elise. What Happens When You Crack An Egg Underwater? IFLScience. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Tax Systems Modernization: Management and Technical Weaknesses Must Be Overcome To Achieve Success. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Razo Sandra Irene. Parenting practices of Latina mothers and children’s behavior outcomes. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines George Gene. Weak Sales Doom Black Panther Spinoff. New York Times. 2017:C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [14].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
AbbreviationJ. Minim. Invasive Gynecol.
ISSN (print)1553-4650
ISSN (online)1553-4669
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology

Other styles