How to format your references using the Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology (JMIG). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bowie James U. Structural biology. Membrane protein twists and turns. Science. 2013;339(6118):398–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Baxter Ivan, Dilkes Brian P. Elemental profiles reflect plant adaptations to the environment. Science. 2012;336(6089):1661–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hong Yanzhong, Wang Zhiyong, Jin Xianbo. Sulfuric acid intercalated graphite oxide for graphene preparation. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3439.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Fliessbach K., Weber B., Trautner P., et al. Social comparison affects reward-related brain activity in the human ventral striatum. Science. 2007;318(5854):1305–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zelterman Daniel. Discrete Distributions: Applications in the Health Sciences. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. 2005.
An edited book
Uyar A. Sima, Ozcan Ender, Urquhart Neil, editors. Automated Scheduling and Planning: From Theory to Practice. vol. 505. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Hankela Elina. “It’s Only the Glass Door, Which Breaks Every Day.” Layered Politics of (Dis)Order at the Central Methodist Mission. In: Wilhelm-Solomon Matthew, Núñez Lorena, Kankonde Bukasa Peter, Malcomess Bettina, editors. Routes and Rites to the City: Mobility, Diversity and Religious Space in Johannesburg. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK. 2016. p. 91–115.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology.

Blog post
Davis Josh. Researchers Find That Prawns Could Help Protect Against Bilharzia. IFLScience. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Corporation for Public Broadcasting’s Oversight of Public Television. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. 1984.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Singh Akash. Improving the Usability of Typometric Solutions. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Urbina Ian, Fink Sheri. A Deadly Fungus and Questions at a Hospital. New York Times. 2014:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [14].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
AbbreviationJ. Minim. Invasive Gynecol.
ISSN (print)1553-4650
ISSN (online)1553-4669
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology

Other styles