How to format your references using the Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology (JMIG). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Futuyma Douglas J. Retrospective. Robert R. Sokal (1926-2012). Science. 2012;336(6083):816.
A journal article with 2 authors
van Enk S. J., Kimble H. J. Comment on “Quantum state transfer between matter and light.” Science. 2005;309(5738):1187; author reply 1187.
A journal article with 3 authors
Prokopenko Alexander A., Karabanov Eugene B., Williams Douglas F. Age of long sediment cores from Lake Baikal. Nature. 2002;415(6875):976.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Tu Linna, Tai William C. S., Chen Lu, Banfield David K. Signal-mediated dynamic retention of glycosyltransferases in the Golgi. Science. 2008;321(5887):404–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Klöpffer Walter. Verhalten und Abbau von Umweltchemikalien. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA. 2012.
An edited book
Vinod Kumar T. M., editor. E-Governance for Smart Cities. Singapore: Springer. 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Stern Frederick, Sadat-Hosseini Hamid, Mousaviraad Maysam, Bhushan Shanti. Evaluation of Seakeeping Predictions. In: Larsson Lars, Stern Frederick, Visonneau Michel, editors. Numerical Ship Hydrodynamics: An assessment of the Gothenburg 2010 Workshop. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands. 2014. p. 141–202.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology.

Blog post
Andrew Danielle. Scientists Turn One Pathogen Against Another In Fight Against Dengue And Zika. IFLScience. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Data Center Consolidation: Strengthened Oversight Needed to Achieve Billions of Dollars in Savings. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. 2013.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ziegler Robert T. The Impact of Strategic Planning Involvement on Employee Engagement in a Federal Public Health Agency. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hiked The Following People, Contributed to This Article:, Beedy James, et al. BLISTERS AND BLISS ON A FROSTY BEACH. New York Times. 1985:11LI28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [14].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
AbbreviationJ. Minim. Invasive Gynecol.
ISSN (print)1553-4650
ISSN (online)1553-4669
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology

Other styles