How to format your references using the Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology (JMIG). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Johnson Christopher N. Anthropology. The remaking of Australia’s ecology. Science. 2005;309(5732):255–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Heilbron J. L., Bynum W. F. 1904 and all that. Nature. 2003;426(6968):761–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bailes Freya, Dean Roger T., Pearce Marcus T. Music cognition as mental time travel. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2690.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ostapcuk Veronika, Mohn Fabio, Carl Sarah H., et al. Activity-dependent neuroprotective protein recruits HP1 and CHD4 to control lineage-specifying genes. Nature. 2018;557(7707):739–43.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Riches John. Galatians Through the Centuries. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Ltd. 2008.
An edited book
Hansson Sven Ove, editor. David Makinson on Classical Methods for Non-Classical Problems. vol. 3. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands. 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Doss Cheryl. If Women Hold Up Half the Sky, How Much of the World’s Food Do They Produce? In: Quisumbing Agnes R., Meinzen-Dick Ruth, Raney Terri L., Croppenstedt André, Behrman Julia A., Peterman Amber, editors. Gender in Agriculture: Closing the Knowledge Gap. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands. 2014. p. 69–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology.

Blog post
Luntz Stephen. Symbiotic Partnership Between Monkeys and Wolves Discovered. IFLScience. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Surveillance: DOD and NASA Need Consolidated Requirements and a Coordinated Plan. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Topdemir Cindy M. School counselor accountability practices: A national study. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Weaver Mary Anne. Why Do They Go? New York Times. 2015:MM42.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [14].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
AbbreviationJ. Minim. Invasive Gynecol.
ISSN (print)1553-4650
ISSN (online)1553-4669
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology

Other styles