How to format your references using the Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology (JMIG). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Willis John H. Genetics. Origin of species in overdrive. Science. 2009;323(5912):350–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang Lihong V., Hu Song. Photoacoustic tomography: in vivo imaging from organelles to organs. Science. 2012;335(6075):1458–62.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kraft Nathan J. B., Valencia Renato, Ackerly David D. Functional traits and niche-based tree community assembly in an Amazonian forest. Science. 2008;322(5901):580–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Jenner Lasse, Romby Pascale, Rees Bernard, et al. Translational operator of mRNA on the ribosome: how repressor proteins exclude ribosome binding. Science. 2005;308(5718):120–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barbaroux Pierre, Attour Amel, Schenk Eric. Knowledge Management and Innovation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2016.
An edited book
Gang David R., editor. The Biological Activity of Phytochemicals. vol. 41. New York, NY: Springer. 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Wołk Krzysztof, Marasek Krzysztof. Tuned and GPU-Accelerated Parallel Data Mining from Comparable Corpora. In: Král Pavel, Matoušek Václav, editors. Text, Speech, and Dialogue: 18th International Conference, TSD 2015, Pilsen,Czech Republic, September 14-17, 2015, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing. 2015. p. 32–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology.

Blog post
Hamilton Kristy. Rare Half-Male, Half-Female Butterfly Found At Museum. IFLScience. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Transportation: The Content and Uses of Shuttle Cost Estimates. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Verret Jill Evancho. Property Tax Limitations, School District Revenues, and Equity: Analyses of Pennsylvania’s Act One. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC, 2019.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly Caitlin. In Estate Planning, Family Isn’t Always First. New York Times. 2014:B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [14].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
AbbreviationJ. Minim. Invasive Gynecol.
ISSN (print)1553-4650
ISSN (online)1553-4669
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology

Other styles