How to format your references using the Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology (JMIG). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik Paul. Swatting flies. Nature. 2004;429(6987):111.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hering Janet G., Ingold Karin M. Water management. Water resources management: what should be integrated? Science. 2012;336(6086):1234–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tritsch Nicolas X., Ding Jun B., Sabatini Bernardo L. Dopaminergic neurons inhibit striatal output through non-canonical release of GABA. Nature. 2012;490(7419):262–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Stegman Dave R., Jellinek A. Mark, Zatman Stephen A., Baumgardner John R., Richards Mark A. An early lunar core dynamo driven by thermochemical mantle convection. Nature. 2003;421(6919):143–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Assing Dominique, Calé Stéphane. Mobile Access Safety. Hoboken, NJ 07030 USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2013.
An edited book
Kowalczuk Zdzislaw. Advanced Modeling of Management Processes in Information Technology. vol. 518. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Khojasteh Siamak Cyrus, Wong Harvey, Hop Cornelis E. C. A. Transporters. In: Wong Harvey, Hop Cornelis E. C. A., editors. Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics Quick Guide. New York, NY: Springer. 2011. p. 57–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology.

Blog post
Carpineti Chris. One Of The World’s Rarest And Most Elusive Whales Has Been Captured On Camera For The First Time. IFLScience. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018, 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. [Comments on Agency Participation in SBIR Program]. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Johnson Lauren. The Relationship between Mock Jurors’ Locus of Control, Belief in a Just World, and an NGRI Verdict. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon Mary. Richards-Ross Breaks American Drought In the Women’s 400. New York Times. 2012:D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [14].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
AbbreviationJ. Minim. Invasive Gynecol.
ISSN (print)1553-4650
ISSN (online)1553-4669
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology

Other styles