How to format your references using the Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology (JMIG). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ricci-Tersenghi Federico. Mathematics. Being glassy without being hard to solve. Science. 2010;330(6011):1639–40.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liou J. C., Johnson N. L. Planetary science. Risks in space from orbiting debris. Science. 2006;311(5759):340–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shao Bin, Feng Min, Zuo Xu. Carrier-dependent magnetic anisotropy of cobalt doped titanium dioxide. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7496.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Shi Tingkun, Lv Wenjuan, Zhang Li, Chen Jianhuan, Chen Haoyu. Association of HLA-DR4/HLA-DRB1*04 with Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6887.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
West Bruce J., Griffin Lori A. Biodynamics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2005.
An edited book
Korte Bernhard. Ottimizzazione Combinatoria: Teoria e Algoritmi. Milano: Springer. 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Klen Edmilson Rampazzo. Co-creation and Co-innovation in a Collaborative Networked Environment. In: Camarinha-Matos Luis M., Paraskakis Iraklis, Afsarmanesh Hamideh, editors. Leveraging Knowledge for Innovation in Collaborative Networks: 10th IFIP WG 5.5 Working Conference on Virtual Enterprises, PRO-VE 2009, Thessaloniki, Greece, October 7-9, 2009. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. 2009. p. 33–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology.

Blog post
Andrew Elise. Signs Of Acid Fog Detected On Mars. IFLScience. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Teacher Training: Status and Participants’ Views of Delta Teachers Academy. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McDuffie Colleen A. Melodies of intervention: Music therapy for transitional-age youth: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams John. Books by Clare Beams, Hans Herbert Grimm, April Ayers Lawson and Kelly Luce. New York Times. 2016:C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [14].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
AbbreviationJ. Minim. Invasive Gynecol.
ISSN (print)1553-4650
ISSN (online)1553-4669
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology

Other styles