How to format your references using the Journal of Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bass SD. Physics. How does the proton spin? Science 2007;315:1672–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ghosez P, Triscone J-M. Materials physics: reactive walls. Nature 2014;515:348–50.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chien KR, Domian IJ, Parker KK. Cardiogenesis and the complex biology of regenerative cardiovascular medicine. Science 2008;322:1494–7.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Goodman MB, Ernstrom GG, Chelur DS, O’Hagan R, Yao CA, Chalfie M. MEC-2 regulates C. elegans DEG/ENaC channels needed for mechanosensation. Nature 2002;415:1039–42.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barkham R. Real Estate and Globalisation. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2012.
An edited book
Schramm-Klein H, Foscht T, Morschett D, Rudolph T, Schnedlitz P, Swoboda B, editors. European Retail Research: 2013, Volume 27, Issue I. Wiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden; 2014. VII, 125 p. 17 illus p.
A chapter in an edited book
Ebert C, Dumke R. Performing the Measurement Process. In: Dumke R, editor. Software Measurement: Establish — Extract — Evaluate — Execute. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. p. 91–108.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Nutrition.

Blog post
Andrew E. NASA Hosting Asteroid Hunting Contest [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Civil Agencies Information Systems Issue Area: Active Assignments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998 May. Report No.: AA-98-29(2).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Armstrong A. Tactic-Based Learning for collective learning systems [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Thomas K. Ready to Take a Faithful Leap. New York Times. 2011;ST6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Nutrition
AbbreviationJ. Nutr.
ISSN (print)0022-3166
ISSN (online)1541-6100
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Nutrition and Dietetics

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