How to format your references using the Journal of Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ahmed F. Health: Edible advice. Nature 2010;468:S10-2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hartland GV, Lo SS. Physics. Spectroscopy beyond the single-particle limit. Science 2013;341:36–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Voog J, D’Alterio C, Jones DL. Multipotent somatic stem cells contribute to the stem cell niche in the Drosophila testis. Nature 2008;454:1132–6.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Kim DY, Lai T-H, Lee JW, Manders JR, So F. Multi-spectral imaging with infrared sensitive organic light emitting diode. Sci Rep 2014;4:5946.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jiang J, Zhang C. Fundamentals and Applications of Lithium-ion Batteries in Electric Drive Vehicles. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
Sango K, Yamauchi J, editors. Schwann Cell Development and Pathology. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2014. X, 174 p. 39 illus., 22 illus. in color p.
A chapter in an edited book
Elster J. Transitional Justice as Universal Narrative. In: Israël L, Mouralis G, editors. Dealing with Wars and Dictatorships: Legal Concepts and Categories in Action. The Hague: T.M.C. Asser Press; 2014. p. 77–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Nutrition.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. Lifelong Protection From Severe Allergies Could Be Possible With New Treatment [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. [Comments on FAA Employee’s Claim for Real Estate Expenses]. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994 Jul. Report No.: B-252405.2.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhang G. Roles of serotonin 2A receptor in a serotonin syndrome [Doctoral dissertation]. [Boca Raton, FL]: Florida Atlantic University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. A.I.G.’s Chief Says Insurer Is Reducing Its Risks. New York Times. 2015;B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Nutrition
AbbreviationJ. Nutr.
ISSN (print)0022-3166
ISSN (online)1541-6100
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Nutrition and Dietetics

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