How to format your references using the Journal of Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Crowder R. Applied physics. Toward robots that can sense texture by touch. Science 2006;312:1478–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Kaeberlein M, Kapahi P. Cell signaling. Aging is RSKy business. Science 2009;326:55–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Fearon DT, Manders P, Wagner SD. Arrested differentiation, the self-renewing memory lymphocyte, and vaccination. Science 2001;293:248–50.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1.
Kumar R, Chaudhary K, Gupta S, Singh H, Kumar S, Gautam A, Kapoor P, Raghava GPS. CancerDR: cancer drug resistance database. Sci Rep 2013;3:1445.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Merritt C. Process Steam Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
1.
Kobayashi T. Conformal Symmetry Breaking Operators for Differential Forms on Spheres. Kubo T, Pevzner M, editors. Singapore: Springer; 2016. IX, 192 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Roberts P. Changing Scholarly Lives: Neoliberalism, Discipline(s) and Educational Research. In: Reid AD, Hart EP, Peters MA, editors. A Companion to Research in Education. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014. p. 41–5.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Nutrition.

Blog post
1.
Hamilton K. Explainer: Why Do We Get Butterflies In Our Stomachs? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/explainer-why-do-we-get-butterflies-in-our-stomachs/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Unmanned Aircraft Systems: Improved Planning and Acquisition Strategies Can Help Address Operational Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006 Apr. Report No.: GAO-06-610T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Biller JT. Cyber-Terrorism: Finding a Common Starting Point [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Mumford S. Article 6 -- No Title. New York Times. 1960;MagazineSM79.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Nutrition
AbbreviationJ. Nutr.
ISSN (print)0022-3166
ISSN (online)1541-6100
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Nutrition and Dietetics

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