How to format your references using the Journal of Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kormendy J. Galactic rotation in real time. Nature. 2000;407:307, 309.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stengel M, Spaldin NA. Origin of the dielectric dead layer in nanoscale capacitors. Nature. 2006;443:679–82.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tahir M, Sabeeh K, Schwingenschlögl U. Quantum capacitance of an ultrathin topological insulator film in a magnetic field. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1261.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Wu H, Zhou J, Lan C, Guo Y, Bi K. Microwave memristive-like nonlinearity in a dielectric metamaterial. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5499.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Walter RJ. Practical Compliance with the EPA Risk Management Program. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 1998.
An edited book
Gribben C, Spurlock S, editors. Puritans and Catholics in the Trans-Atlantic World 1600–1800. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016. VIII, 247 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Takahashi A. Diagnosis of Lateral Extensions. In: Oyama T, editor. Endoscopic Diagnosis of Superficial Gastric Cancer for ESD. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2016. p. 29–37.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Nutrition.

Blog post
Luntz S. Star Clusters Unexpectedly Spawning New Stars [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: FCC’s Handling of Formal Complaints Filed Against Common Carriers. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 Mar. Report No.: RCED-93-83.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shenasi SY. The Roots of Music Therapy: Healing the Wounds of the Psyche [Doctoral dissertation]. [Carpinteria, CA]: Pacifica Graduate Institute; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel B. Helping Hands for Damaged Limbs. New York Times. 2016;B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Nutrition
AbbreviationJ. Nutr.
ISSN (print)0022-3166
ISSN (online)1541-6100
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Nutrition and Dietetics

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