How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. Leder, “Retrospective. Marshall Warren Nirenberg (1927-2010),” Science, vol. 327, no. 5968, p. 972, Feb. 2010.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. Lippincott-Schwartz and G. H. Patterson, “Development and use of fluorescent protein markers in living cells,” Science, vol. 300, no. 5616, pp. 87–91, Apr. 2003.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Blüher, B. B. Kahn, and C. R. Kahn, “Extended longevity in mice lacking the insulin receptor in adipose tissue,” Science, vol. 299, no. 5606, pp. 572–574, Jan. 2003.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
W. Martens-Habbena, P. M. Berube, H. Urakawa, J. R. de la Torre, and D. A. Stahl, “Ammonia oxidation kinetics determine niche separation of nitrifying Archaea and Bacteria,” Nature, vol. 461, no. 7266, pp. 976–979, Oct. 2009.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. A. Sierra, M. C. de la Torre, and F. P. Cossío, More Dead Ends and Detours. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2013.
An edited book
M. Joye, A. Miyaji, and A. Otsuka, Eds., Pairing-Based Cryptography - Pairing 2010: 4th International Conference, Yamanaka Hot Spring, Japan, December 2010. Proceedings, vol. 6487. in Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. 6487. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
D. Garbett, “Lessons on the Hoof: Learning About Teacher Education Through Horse-Riding,” in Self-Study in Physical Education Teacher Education: Exploring the interplay of practice and scholarship, A. Ovens and T. Fletcher, Eds., in Self-Study of Teaching and Teacher Education Practices. , Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014, pp. 63–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, “Russia And Europe Collaborate On A Joint Mission To The Moon,” IFLScience. Accessed: Oct. 30, 2018. [Online]. Available:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Urban Mass Transportation Administration’s Enforcement of Buy America Provisions of the Surface Transportation Assistance Act,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, T-RCED-88-33, May 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. D. Hutsell, “School board members’ perception on their roles and responsibilities in developing policy that affects student achievement,” Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Kishkovsky, “Muscovites Replace ‘This Old House’ With ‘Changing Rooms,’” New York Times, p. 92, Oct. 12, 2003.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics
ISSN (print)0098-3063
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Media Technology

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