How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
I. Ekeland, “Equilibrium: in the balance,” Nature, vol. 417, no. 6887, p. 385, May 2002.
A journal article with 2 authors
Y. Rosenthal and A. J. Broccoli, “Atmospheric science. In search of paleo-ENSO,” Science, vol. 304, no. 5668, pp. 219–221, Apr. 2004.
A journal article with 3 authors
R. J. Telford, V. Vandvik, and H. J. B. Birks, “Dispersal limitations matter for microbial morphospecies,” Science, vol. 312, no. 5776, p. 1015, May 2006.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
X. Q. Wang, H. Ullah, A. M. Jones, and S. M. Assmann, “G protein regulation of ion channels and abscisic acid signaling in Arabidopsis guard cells,” Science, vol. 292, no. 5524, pp. 2070–2072, Jun. 2001.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. Wells, Global Credit Management. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2004.
An edited book
H. Feng, G. Barbosa-Canovas, and J. Weiss, Eds., Ultrasound Technologies for Food and Bioprocessing, 1st ed., . 1st ed., in Food Engineering Series. New York, NY: Springer, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
K. S. K. Hall, “Multicultural Sensitivity in the Treatment of Sexual Dysfunction,” in Management of Sexual Dysfunction in Men and Women: An Interdisciplinary Approach, L. I. Lipshultz, A. W. Pastuszak, A. T. Goldstein, A. Giraldi, and M. A. Perelman, Eds., New York, NY: Springer, 2016, pp. 25–29.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics.

Blog post
B. Taub, “Future Generations Of Lab Rats Could Be Completely See-Through,” IFLScience, Aug. 24, 2016. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Need for More Effective Audits of Federal Grants and Contracts Administered by Institutions of Higher Education,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, FGMSD-79-44, Jul. 1979.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
G. Lam, “A Mixed Methods Study Examining Teacher Impressions of a Psychoeducational Program on Common Issues During Childhood,” Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
C. Buckley, “Grad Student With Eye On Career in Finance Is Mourned in China,” New York Times, p. A19, Apr. 18, 2013.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics
ISSN (print)0098-3063
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Media Technology

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