How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. M. Pasachoff, “Transit of Venus: Last chance to see,” Nature, vol. 485, no. 7398, pp. 303–304, May 2012.
A journal article with 2 authors
S. Tulaczyk and S. Hossainzadeh, “Geochemistry. Antarctica’s deep frozen ‘lakes,’” Science, vol. 331, no. 6024, pp. 1524–1525, Mar. 2011.
A journal article with 3 authors
C. M. Aitken, D. M. Jones, and S. R. Larter, “Anaerobic hydrocarbon biodegradation in deep subsurface oil reservoirs,” Nature, vol. 431, no. 7006, pp. 291–294, Sep. 2004.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T. Yang et al., “All-optical differential equation solver with constant-coefficient tunable based on a single microring resonator,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 5581, Jul. 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P. M. Joyce and D. Lipton, Lamentations Through the Centuries. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 2013.
An edited book
A. Bartel, M. Clemens, M. Günther, and E. J. W. ter Maten, Eds., Scientific Computing in Electrical Engineering: SCEE 2014, Wuppertal, Germany, July 2014, vol. 23. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
B. Dave, “Labyrinthine Digital Histories,” in Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures 2005: Proceedings of the 11th International CAAD Futures Conference held at the Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria, on June 20–22, 2005, B. Martens and A. Brown, Eds. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2005, pp. 53–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics.

Blog post
J. O`Callaghan, “Weird Pulsating Aurorae May Be Caused By Low-Energy Electrons,” IFLScience, Oct. 08, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Department of Education’s Federal Direct Loan Program: Status of Recommendations to Improve Cost Estimates and Presentation of Updated Cash Flow Information,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-04-567R, Mar. 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
N. K. Mannar, “Hri-Tech Consultants, LLC,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Saslow, “For $37.5 Million, the Piano Man’s Estate,” New York Times, p. LI2, Oct. 07, 2006.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics
ISSN (print)0098-3063
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Media Technology

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