How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. Neutze, “STRUCTURAL BIOLOGY. Snapshots of a protein quake,” Science, vol. 350, no. 6259, p. 381, Oct. 2015.
A journal article with 2 authors
N. Oreskes and E. M. Conway, “Defeating the merchants of doubt,” Nature, vol. 465, no. 7299, pp. 686–687, Jun. 2010.
A journal article with 3 authors
H. L. Ford, A. C. Ravelo, and P. J. Polissar, “Reduced El Niño-Southern Oscillation during the Last Glacial Maximum,” Science, vol. 347, no. 6219, pp. 255–258, Jan. 2015.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
H. Chang et al., “Single adatom dynamics at monatomic steps of free-standing few-layer reduced graphene,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 6037, Aug. 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
T. Ronen, The Positive Power of Imagery. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2011.
An edited book
S. Nittel, A. Labrinidis, and A. Stefanidis, Eds., GeoSensor Networks: Second International Conference, GSN 2006, Boston, MA, USA, October 1-3, 2006, Revised Selected and Invited Papers, vol. 4540. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
S.-H. Chen, C.-H. Yeh, and W.-J. Huang, “Transmission Rate Enhancement for Scalable H.264/AVC Video over MIMO Wireless Systems,” in Advances in Multimedia Information Processing - PCM 2009: 10th Pacific Rim Conference on Multimedia, Bangkok, Thailand, December 15-18, 2009 Proceedings, P. Muneesawang, F. Wu, I. Kumazawa, A. Roeksabutr, M. Liao, and X. Tang, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009, pp. 55–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Systematic Review Finds Side Effects Of Vaccines Are Extremely Rare,” IFLScience, Jul. 01, 2014. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Air Traffic Control: Status of FAA’s Modernization Effort,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, RCED-91-132FS, Apr. 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
T. F. Johnson, “The Aircraft Electric Taxi System: A Qualitative Multi Case Study,” Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
L. Baker, “The Green RV,” New York Times, p. D1, Nov. 07, 2008.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics
ISSN (print)0098-3063
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Media Technology

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