How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. R. Rostrup-Nielsen, “Chemistry. Making fuels from biomass,” Science, vol. 308, no. 5727, pp. 1421–1422, Jun. 2005.
A journal article with 2 authors
D. Brockmann and D. Helbing, “The hidden geometry of complex, network-driven contagion phenomena,” Science, vol. 342, no. 6164, pp. 1337–1342, Dec. 2013.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. I. McCormick, S.-A. Watson, and P. L. Munday, “Ocean acidification reverses competition for space as habitats degrade,” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, p. 3280, Nov. 2013.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
W. Wei et al., “Unusual high oxygen reduction performance in all-carbon electrocatalysts,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 6289, Sep. 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S. Bhalla, S. Moharana, V. Talakokula, and N. Kaur, Piezoelectric Materials. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2016.
An edited book
G. Csurka, M. Kraus, L. Mestetskiy, P. Richard, and J. Braz, Eds., Computer Vision, Imaging and Computer Graphics. Theory and Applications: International Joint Conference, VISIGRAPP 2011, Vilamoura, Portugal, March 5-7, 2011. Revised Selected Papers, vol. 274. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
C. C. Chiang and J. Kawa, “Variability & Parametric Yield,” in Design for Manufacturability and Yield for Nano-Scale CMOS, J. Kawa, Ed. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2007, pp. 151–168.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Spinal ‘Mini-Brain’ Assists In Balancing On Ice,” IFLScience, Jan. 30, 2015. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “ADP Modernization: FCC’s Automation Planning Is Inadequate,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, IMTEC-88-51, Sep. 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
B. D. White, “Implementation of Positive Behavior Intervention and Support at the High School Level,” Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
D. J. Wilson and J. Eligon, “Rams’ Departure Is Another Blow to St. Louis Area, and a Chance to Shift Priorities,” New York Times, p. A14, Jan. 14, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics
ISSN (print)0098-3063
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Media Technology

Other styles