How to format your references using the Journal of Nursing Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Nursing Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Ovid’ko IA. Materials science. Deformation of nanostructures. Science. 2002;295(5564):2386.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Kilpatrick AM, Ives AR. Species interactions can explain Taylor’s power law for ecological time series. Nature. 2003;422(6927):65-68.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Helle S, Lummaa V, Jokela J. Sons reduced maternal longevity in preindustrial humans. Science. 2002;296(5570):1085.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Busino L, Donzelli M, Chiesa M, et al. Degradation of Cdc25A by beta-TrCP during S phase and in response to DNA damage. Nature. 2003;426(6962):87-91.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Murphy R. Dynamic Assessment, Intelligence and Measurement. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2010.
An edited book
1.
Mancuso C, Jommi C, D’Onza F, eds. Unsaturated Soils: Research and Applications: Volume 1. Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
McQueen DV. Critical Issues in Theory for Health Promotion. In: Kickbusch I, Potvin L, Pelikan JM, Balbo L, Abel T, eds. Health and Modernity: The Role of Theory in Health Promotion. Springer; 2007:21-42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Nursing Education.

Blog post
1.
Carpineti A. New Theory Of Gravity Tries To Explain Dark Matter. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Federal Funding Provided to 10 Police Departments for Intelligence Activities. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1975.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Moose AM. The Relationship of Distributed Expertise and Shared Leadership in New Product Development Teams: A Comparative Case Study. Published online 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Williams J. Here’s a Solution. New York Times. August 7, 2016:BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Nursing Education
AbbreviationJ. Nurs. Educ.
ISSN (print)0148-4834
ISSN (online)1938-2421
ScopeGeneral Nursing
Education

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