How to format your references using the Journal of Nursing Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Nursing Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Donald A. Throw off the cloak of invisibility. Nature. 2012;490(7421):447.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jordan MJT, Kable SH. Chemistry. Roaming reaction pathways along excited states. Science. 2012;335(6072):1054-1055.
A journal article with 3 authors
Branzei D, Vanoli F, Foiani M. SUMOylation regulates Rad18-mediated template switch. Nature. 2008;456(7224):915-920.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kohl SW, Weiner L, Schwartsburd L, et al. Consecutive thermal H2 and light-induced O2 evolution from water promoted by a metal complex. Science. 2009;324(5923):74-77.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Werner M. Global Displacements. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
Danezis G, Dietrich S, Sako K, eds. Financial Cryptography and Data Security: FC 2011 Workshops, RLCPS and WECSR 2011, Rodney Bay, St. Lucia, February 28 - March 4, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Vol 7126. Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Rambaldi AN, Rao DSP, Ganegodage KR. Modelling Spatially Correlated Error Structures in the Time-Space Extrapolation of Purchasing Power Parities. In: Biggeri L, Ferrari G, eds. Price Indexes in Time and Space: Methods and Practice. Contributions to Statistics. Physica-Verlag HD; 2010:63-96.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Nursing Education.

Blog post
Andrew D. Why Don’t Plants Get Sunburn? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Comments on NASA Payment for Apollo 11 Recognition Banquet. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1969.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Murray RW. The Florida Migrant Education Program: An Analysis of Programmatic and Expenditure Practices. Doctoral dissertation. Florida Atlantic University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky L. Style Provocateurs. New York Times. March 4, 2012:ST3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Nursing Education
AbbreviationJ. Nurs. Educ.
ISSN (print)0148-4834
ISSN (online)1938-2421
ScopeGeneral Nursing

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