How to format your references using the Expert Review of Clinical Immunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Expert Review of Clinical Immunology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Esposito L. Planetary science. Cassini imaging at Jupiter. Science. 2003;299:1529–1530.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Zubavicus Y, Grunze M. Chemistry. New insights into the structure of water with ultrafast probes. Science. 2004;304:974–976.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Houstis N, Rosen ED, Lander ES. Reactive oxygen species have a causal role in multiple forms of insulin resistance. Nature. 2006;440:944–948.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Abers GA, Ferris A, Craig M, et al. Mantle compensation of active metamorphic core complexes at Woodlark rift in Papua New Guinea. Nature. 2002;418:862–865.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Furmston M. Powell-Smith and Furmston’s Building Contract Casebook. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2012.
An edited book
[1]
Carlomagno T, editor. Tubulin-Binding Agents: Synthetic, Structural and Mechanistic Insights. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Blischke WR, Rezaul Karim M, Prabhakar Murthy DN. Supplementary Warranty Data. In: Karim MR, Murthy DNP, editors. Warranty Data Collection and Analysis. London: Springer; 2011. p. 79–109.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Expert Review of Clinical Immunology.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. “Quantum Cheshire Cat” Phenomenon Observed For The First Time. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Intercity Passenger Rail: Issues Associated with the Recent Settlement between Amtrak and the Consortium of Bombardier and Alstom. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004. Report No.: GAO-05-152. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Lim RH-J. A stylistic analysis of and performance suggestions for Robert Muczynski’s Second Piano Sonata, Opus 22 [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Kolomatsky M. Energy Costs Compared. New York Times. 2017 Jul 28;RE2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleExpert Review of Clinical Immunology
AbbreviationExpert Rev. Clin. Immunol.
ISSN (print)1744-666X
ISSN (online)1744-8409
ScopeImmunology
Immunology and Allergy

Other styles