How to format your references using the Expert Review of Clinical Immunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Expert Review of Clinical Immunology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Ball P. Publishing: The journal that publishes no papers. Nature. 2015;526:146.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Davidson DJ, Andrews J. Ecology. Not all about consumption. Science. 2013;339:1286–1287.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Wynn TA, Chawla A, Pollard JW. Macrophage biology in development, homeostasis and disease. Nature. 2013;496:445–455.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Petiteau D, Guenneau S, Bellieud M, et al. Spectral effectiveness of engineered thermal cloaks in the frequency regime. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7386.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Caltagirone J-P. Discrete Mechanics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2015.
An edited book
[1]
Munoz R, da Cruz EM, Vetterly CG, et al., editors. Handbook of Pediatric Cardiovascular Drugs. 2nd ed. 2014. London: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Gao L, Yu S, Luan TH, et al. Data Dissemination in Delay Tolerant Networks with Geographic Information. In: Yu S, Luan TH, Zhou W, editors. Delay Tolerant Networks. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 53–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Expert Review of Clinical Immunology.

Blog post
[1]
Fang J. Parasitic wasps must lay their eggs in the right fly, or else [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/parasitic-wasps-must-lay-their-eggs-right-fly-or-else/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Executive Guide: Measuring Performance and Demonstrating Results of Information Technology Investments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998. Report No.: AIMD-98-89. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Penney G. Executive Fire Officers’ strategic thinking capabilities and their relationship with information and communication technology [Doctoral dissertation]. [Boca Raton, FL]: Florida Atlantic University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Kelly K, Haberman M. Condemnation For President By a Top Aide. New York Times. 2017 Aug 25;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleExpert Review of Clinical Immunology
AbbreviationExpert Rev. Clin. Immunol.
ISSN (print)1744-666X
ISSN (online)1744-8409
ScopeImmunology
Immunology and Allergy

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