How to format your references using the Journal of Nuclear Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Nuclear Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
E.M. Meyerowitz, Plants compared to animals: the broadest comparative study of development, Science. 295 (2002) 1482–1485.
A journal article with 2 authors
D. Li, M. Caffrey, Renaturing membrane proteins in the lipid cubic phase, a nanoporous membrane mimetic, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 5806.
A journal article with 3 authors
U. Sauer, M. Heinemann, N. Zamboni, Genetics. Getting closer to the whole picture, Science. 316 (2007) 550–551.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. Cunha, A.F. d’Avó, A. Mingote, P. Lamosa, M.S. da Costa, J. Costa, Mannosylglucosylglycerate biosynthesis in the deep-branching phylum Planctomycetes: characterization of the uncommon enzymes from Rhodopirellula baltica, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2378.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Dudbridge, Handbook of Seal Integrity in the Food Industry, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2016.
An edited book
A.E. Hassanien, M.F. Tolba, A. Taher Azar, eds., Advanced Machine Learning Technologies and Applications: Second International Conference, AMLTA 2014, Cairo, Egypt, November 28-30, 2014. Proceedings, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
T. Franke, R.H.W. Hoppe, C. Linsenmann, A. Wixforth, Projection Based Model Reduction for Optimal Design of the Time-dependent Stokes System, in: G. Leugering, S. Engell, A. Griewank, M. Hinze, R. Rannacher, V. Schulz, M. Ulbrich, S. Ulbrich (Eds.), Constrained Optimization and Optimal Control for Partial Differential Equations, Springer, Basel, 2012: pp. 75–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Nuclear Materials.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Health Warning: Five Fashion Trends That are Terrible For You, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, National Security: Papers Prepared for GAO Conference on Worldwide Threats, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
N.M. Busalacchi, Access to healthcare: Disparities between the non-elderly adult population, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Rothenberg, Young Player Has Made Her Name by Speaking Her Mind, New York Times. (2017) B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Nuclear Materials
AbbreviationJ. Nucl. Mater.
ISSN (print)0022-3115
ScopeNuclear Energy and Engineering
General Materials Science
Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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