How to format your references using the Justice Quarterly citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Justice Quarterly. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blackstock, J. (2012). Researchers can’t regulate climate engineering alone. Nature, 486(7402), 159.
A journal article with 2 authors
Medina-Elizalde, M., & Rohling, E. J. (2012). Collapse of Classic Maya civilization related to modest reduction in precipitation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6071), 956–959.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lambertucci, S. A., Shepard, E. L. C., & Wilson, R. P. (2015). Ecology. Human-wildlife conflicts in a crowded airspace. Science (New York, N.Y.), 348(6234), 502–504.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Urizar, N. L., Liverman, A. B., Dodds, D. T., Silva, F. V., Ordentlich, P., Yan, Y., Gonzalez, F. J., Heyman, R. A., Mangelsdorf, D. J., & Moore, D. D. (2002). A natural product that lowers cholesterol as an antagonist ligand for FXR. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5573), 1703–1706.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gleeson, K. (2008). The Personal Efficiency Program. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Puoci, F. (Ed.). (2015). Advanced Polymers in Medicine. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Shirali, S., & Vasudeva, H. L. (2011). Inverse and Implicit Function Theorems. In H. L. Vasudeva (Ed.), Multivariable Analysis (pp. 117–150). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Justice Quarterly.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2016, May 19). The Five Most Common Reasons For Airliner Disasters. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Supercomputing in Industry (T-IMTEC-91-5). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davidson, A. O. (2009). Observing action research processes in practice [Doctoral dissertation]. University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Joseph, Y. (2017, September 2). Passage Home for a Pioneer’s House. New York Times, A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Blackstock, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Blackstock, 2012; Medina-Elizalde & Rohling, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Medina-Elizalde & Rohling, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Lambertucci et al., 2015)
  • 6 or more authors: (Urizar et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJustice Quarterly
AbbreviationJustice Q.
ISSN (print)0741-8825
ISSN (online)1745-9109
ScopePathology and Forensic Medicine

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