How to format your references using the Justice Quarterly citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Justice Quarterly. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Delaney, P. (2000). Palaeoceanography. Nutrients in the glacial balance. Nature, 405(6784), 288–289, 291.
A journal article with 2 authors
Eddy, C. R., Jr, & Gaskill, D. K. (2009). Materials science. Silicon carbide as a platform for power electronics. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5933), 1398–1400.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kormendy, J., Bender, R., & Cornell, M. E. (2011). Supermassive black holes do not correlate with galaxy disks or pseudobulges. Nature, 469(7330), 374–376.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wang, D.-H., Engle, K. M., Shi, B.-F., & Yu, J.-Q. (2010). Ligand-enabled reactivity and selectivity in a synthetically versatile aryl C-H olefination. Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5963), 315–319.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Walkenbach, J. (2010). Excel® VBA Programming For Dummies®. Wiley Publishing, Inc.
An edited book
Lasaponara, R., Masini, N., & Orefici, G. (Eds.). (2016). The Ancient Nasca World: New Insights from Science and Archaeology. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Hattab, G., Suisse, A. Y. T., Ilioaia, O., Casiraghi, M., Dezi, M., Warnet, X. L., Warschawski, D. E., Moncoq, K., Zoonens, M., & Miroux, B. (2014). Membrane Protein Production in Escherichia coli: Overview and Protocols. In I. Mus-Veteau (Ed.), Membrane Proteins Production for Structural Analysis (pp. 87–106). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Justice Quarterly.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, November 17). Mystery Illness That “Melts” Starfish Identified. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1990). Supplemental Student Loans: Who Are the Largest Lenders? (HRD-90-72FS). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schliebe, M. C. (2017). Impact of the red swamp crayfish (Procambarus clarkii ) on benthic community structure in southern California wetlands [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker, P., & Kishkovsky, S. (2017, August 2). Trump Signs Sanctions Bill, but Calls It ‘Clearly Unconstitutional.’ New York Times, A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Delaney, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Delaney, 2000; Eddy & Gaskill, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Eddy & Gaskill, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Kormendy et al., 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wang et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleJustice Quarterly
AbbreviationJustice Q.
ISSN (print)0741-8825
ISSN (online)1745-9109
ScopePathology and Forensic Medicine

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